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Iraq prepares to arrest families inside a camp

rocky
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Iraq prepares to arrest families inside a camp Empty Iraq prepares to arrest families inside a camp

Post by rocky on Sun 21 Jul 2019, 9:27 am

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[size=52]Iraq prepares to arrest families inside a camp[/size]

[size=45]Human Rights Watch said on Saturday that a local Iraqi organization running a camp for displaced people was preparing to bring the families of a rapporteur from northeastern Syria to illegal detention.
[size=45]The camp "Avenue 5", 65 kilometers south of Mosul, 175 families forcibly transferred from one section of the camp to another to make way for the next families, the majority of them women and children. Iraqi authorities have arbitrarily detained families seen as linked to Da'ash, according to the international organization.[/size]
[size=45]"The Iraqi authorities are planning to detain more families arbitrarily, in violation of Iraqi and international law," said Lama Fakih, acting Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. The isolation of families coming from Syria, especially women and children, a step towards their stigmatization in the absence of any credible allegation of a crime. "[/size]
[size=45]Human Rights Watch visited Camp 5, estimated to have more than 16,000 residents, on 16 July 2019. Four of the 400 residents of the Gaza Strip, known as "400", said that the camp administration had informed 175 families there on 10 July That she should move to other areas within the camp. The rest of the tents were empty. In general, families living in the camp can move freely inside and outside the surrounding areas.[/size]
[size=45]They said the camp official told them they had to move because the supervising authorities were apparently planning to detain the newcomers. Two residents of the camp quoted a camp administration official as saying: "If you do not move, you will regret it. The place will become a prison and you will need permission to enter and leave, and you will not be able to move freely. " Said he would bring families from the Hawl camp in northeastern Syria, which is holding Iraqi, Syrian and foreign families living in Syria under duress.[/size]
[size=45]Another member of the group's camp administration said the coming families "have the same extremist ideology ... it is not in your interest to be near them."[/size]
[size=45]Iraqi authorities said on July 9 that the families of the spies would be transferred to the camp. But three aid workers said the National Security Council, which coordinates Iraq's national security strategy, intelligence and foreign policy, told relief and camp management groups on July 10 that Avenue 5 would not house the families of the sprawl. Said the authorities did not say when the families would be transferred or how long they would be held in the camps before allowing them freedom of movement.[/size]
[size=45]Residents told Human Rights Watch that by the evening of 11 July, all 400 families in the Strip had moved to other areas of the camp, with the exception of 4 or 5 leaving the camp.[/size]
[size=45]Human Rights Watch visited the sector on 16 July and found it empty with a fence around it. Two other residents said that the management of the camp told families in the "500" sector, which includes about 240 families, that they had to move. But the interviewees refused, threatening to protest; they were not forced to move until the hour of the visit, possibly because of intervention by aid agencies. The two sectors are 400 and 500 isolated areas in the camp.[/size]

[size=45]The Hol camp in northeastern Syria has 30,000 Iraqis, the vast majority of whom are women-headed households, often with many children. Some of them fled from Da'ash when he took control of parts of Iraq, and another lived under Syrian control until the battle to restore the Baguz, the latter's pocket in Syria, in early 2019. Few, if any, were charged. Of the families reported by aid workers to have registered their voluntary willingness to return, Human Rights Watch was unable to determine whether they were actually returning voluntarily or were aware that Iraqi authorities planned to detain them arbitrarily in the camps.[/size]

[size=45]A UN Human Rights Watch plan issued in early 2019 on the return of Iraqi families from the spur calls for the Iraqi authorities to ensure that families are not detained in one specific camp, but rather integrate them with existing camp residents. She said this would ensure that families were not stigmatized and marginalized. The plan said international assistance to these families was conditional on compliance with these conditions.[/size]
[size=45]International human rights law prohibits arbitrary detention. Any deprivation of liberty must be done in accordance with a law that is "available, understood, retroactive, consistent and predictable" and that detainees be allowed access to judicial review of their detention. Any detention that lacks such a legal basis is illegal and arbitrary.[/size]

[size=45]International human rights and humanitarian law allows for punishment of persons found responsible for crimes only after a fair trial to determine individual guilt. The imposition of collective punishment on families, villages or communities violates the laws of war and amounts to a war crime. Under international human rights law, children may be detained only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time. If children are detained, detention authorities should give them their rights, including adequate food and medical care, education and physical exercise, legal aid, privacy, complaint mechanisms and contact with their families.[/size]
[size=45]The United Nations Guidelines on Internal Displacement states that in the event of displacement in situations other than the emergency phases of the conflict, "appropriate measures should be taken to ensure that displaced persons are given full information on the causes and procedures of their displacement, as well as their compensation and relocation where applicable ... And informed of those to be displaced ... the authorities concerned should seek to involve the affected, in particular women, in the planning and management of their transfer ... The right to an effective remedy must be respected, including the review of such decisions by competent judicial authorities. "[/size]
[size=45]In light of recent developments, the authorities should suspend all transfers to ensure they are voluntary, and that Iraqis have sufficient information about what awaits them when they return, Human Rights Watch said.[/size]
[size=45]Once there are persons in Iraq, and if they are not wanted for a crime, the authorities should ensure that their rights to freedom of movement, including either returning to their homes or moving to their place of choice, are respected, as the security situation permits. The Iraqi authorities should ensure that they do not detain persons who are not accused of any crime in the camps indefinitely.[/size]


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