Scenarios for the solution to the Iraqi crisis ... contradictory visions and incomplete convictions
A people rising up to counter Iran's influence and subordination to the government in the face of government repression and procrastination of solutions that complicate matters
Tuesday 12 November 2019 23:52
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Demonstrators protest against unemployment and corruption in Baghdad (Reuters)
Since October 1, the Iraqi protests have been on the rise, leaving more than 300 people dead and more than 14,000 wounded, in a remarkable precedent that some Iraqis described as a massive popular uprising, unprecedented in modern Iraqi history, with a distinctive imprint. The demonstrators, mostly young men aged 15-30, recorded a confrontation with a government that used excessive violence against them, carried out by militia factions that tried to suppress a new generation facing their fate with naked breasts and Iraqi flags flying over their heads.
The government and its various organs have been under constant alarm since the first day of the protests, after dividing society between the power to possess weapons and money and defending a political process that yields billions and influence to protesters who do not accept its existence and do not like its corruption that has left tragedies, as the protesters themselves described.
The authorities prevented demonstrators by firing, hitting tear gas shells, which penetrate the skulls of peaceful youth, and see through what is broadcast via social media, and turned the scenes of the demonstrations into a scene of killing live, as if the Iraqi street turned into a live drama "For the many scenes flowing on the media, which exposed the methods of the authorities, whose militias sniped more than 150 young men with deliberate fatal strikes, carried out by professional snipers in the first week of the uprising, and even some Iraqis did not hesitate to say that the Iraq-Iran war is taking place in the streets of Baghdad, and returned to the scene P Milliyat Karr escaped among the insurgents with the experience of the Revolutionary Guards and its field commanders, at a time when the regular Iraqi army disappeared, isolating some of its brigades and withdrawing its weapons, according to informed sources in Baghdad, and was removed from active duty for fear of a coup affected by the tragedies of militia shooters and "forces" Merge "
The protests turned to tearing up images of religious symbols and burning their images in front of cameras in a precedent that embarrassed pro-Iranian forces loyal to the project of what they call the "resistance" that wants to turn Iraq into
Another "land of jihad" in its regional project, which extends from Iraq by land to Syria and Lebanon, and encircles the Gulf countries, which rejects this project in the region.
[rtl][size=17]The Iraqi popular movement is an expression of a declared rejection of that subordination and an affirmation of the Arabism of Iraq and the patriotism of its people, which was cruel and surprising to other forces, when it revealed that the Shiites of Iraq and the depth of their belonging to their nation, rejected the sectarian calls promoted by the political and party forces loyal to the Iranian project, which was slogan "We want a homeland". "And" come down to take my right, "and" Beck Ya Iraq, "and despite the simplicity of these slogans in the demonstration, they have the support of millions of Iraqis in the capital and the provinces.[/rtl]
In the face of the confrontation between the people of peaceful demonstrators on the one hand, and the insistence of the government and the religious parties supporting them on the other hand, and the politically employed funds in which regional and international positions are bought, things are getting more complicated between the parties that extend the crisis and escalate and perpetuate its crisis, especially the government that seeks to Extending time and procrastination and not making any serious concessions to the demonstrators, and use excessive force supported by armed brigades, which are involved in military entities involved in the suppression of demonstrations, and practiced the killing craft using the method of sniping and live throwing at them supported by professional factions, says the protester They are members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, where they occasionally display their identities in front of the cameras, when they find them near the demonstration yards, or arrest their members, at a time when demonstrators who are certain that they are targeted by non-Iraqis do not hesitate to confirm this to the media. Who are in the sit-in squares that is my murderer
With this bloody scene, the Iraqi authorities, the government and parliament, have kept their meetings open, in an attempt to formal change with a slight sacrifice of some of its dominant symbols and frameworks, devoted during the sixteen years, during which it thought it possessed the will of the people but did not know that it was against a people with a youthful majority.
His convictions and memories crystallized in the age of electronic enlightenment, openness of communication, and the privilege of receiving it in an open world that the authorities could not restrict, even if resorted to the policy of cutting off the Internet and communications such as bridges and crossings of cities that the new local and international community is not allowed to block and stop unless the provisions are announced. In a system that declares that it believes in democracy but adopts a dictatorship in order to continue in power, these attempts have been described as not touching the mistakes of establishing this political process and accumulating its mistakes. Parliament; that is, without the prevailing electoral lists, where voters go to the heads of those lists in the outcomes, according to the law of Saint Lego.
This system is based on the adoption of an individual majority system, which eliminates the need for an electoral commission at all, and eliminates the political quota attached to the three political components - Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish - to impose a state of majority dictatorship on the political scene, which opened outlets for bribery, forgery, blocs and party loyalties. This scenario enjoys public support from the mass of demonstrators, but is opposed by parties and forces with cantonal projects that still control the political scene. Current Iraqi.
For its part, the Presidency of the Republic came up with another proposal that keeps the situation as it is with formal reforms. The actions serve as a lifeblood for a power that sinks like a ship with corruption and accumulation of weight.
The Najaf-based Shia authority, whose largest authority is Sistani, has since the first day of the crisis stressed that "violence should not be used for any reason, that perpetrators be held accountable, those responsible for the killings of demonstrators brought to justice, and that arrests and abductions be stopped immediately." It has come a long way in demanding that peaceful demonstrators not return to their homes without fulfilling their legitimate demands. It is time for the Iraqi authorities to implement what the demonstrators demand, and stressed that Iraq cannot be an arena for conflict between countries. E Mr. Sistani, who does not recognize the mandate of the jurist that pursued by Iran's guide.
The United Nations Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) only called for a "peaceful solution and freedom of expression in accordance with the Constitution and restraint in dealing with demonstrations, including the non-use of live ammunition, the prohibition of lethal weapons, the call for the preservation of public property, and the release of all demonstrators and detainees." Since the first of October, the protests began, and it is time for the Iraqi authorities to implement what the demonstrators demand, and that Iraq can not be an arena for conflict between countries, without providing a real vision of the perpetrators of killing young protesters, and demanding the government to detect and prosecute, or condemn the violence of power, and protect It is the responsibility of tens of thousands of people to lose their lives, mutilate their bodies with live bullets, or teargas bombs falling over their heads, but the protesters see the UNAMI report as weak and unfair to their crisis, and have accused it of bias and prosecution.
Recognizing that they are not only protesting to provide humanitarian issues that meet their basic needs, they have realized that the catastrophe that surrounds them is that the regime continues to turn their legitimate claims into a massacre in Tahrir Square in Baghdad and the provinces through a security system declared. Preventing the demonstration and keeping the situation as it is, and targeted the lives of many of them with death and obstruction, without Abdel Mahdi and his armed factions, as the commander-in-chief, informing the people of those who killed the protesters, but only continuous denial and charge them To the law, which angered him and his regime,
This made the detainees full of demonstrators on various charges ready, and had to be aware in advance as advised by competent specialists, that the demands of the demonstrators are not formal but purely substantive issues surrounded by major national, political and economic challenges, with the awareness of the rising people that there are embarrassing figures for the government, including debts amounting to more than According to World Bank estimates, the deficit is estimated at $ 100 billion, according to Iraqi researcher Dr. Ghazi Faisal, who stresses that "Iraq needs to rebuild the conflict left since 2003 to more than $ 400 billion, in a country where the budget Operational over $ 44 billion Coverage of the salaries of bureaucrats is estimated at 8 million, in a society where poverty is 35% poor, 6 million orphans, 2 million widows and 8 million illiterates need 15,000 new schools and 7% use drugs.
Dr. Faisal goes away to say that the government of Mr. Abdul-Mahdi has concluded contracts with international companies, the latest of which is Chinese, for $ 187 billion to complete 6,000 projects but without balance. The PA has monopolized 16 years without a national, economic, or political vision to build an important country like Iraq, a key player in the Middle East with a civilized history led by an authority that does not know to manage a crisis so that it can run a state.