Swiss chard, also known simply as chard, has large, crinkled leaves on fleshy, ribbed stems. Depending on the variety, the stems and ribs can be scarlet red, golden yellow, or pearly white. Red chard, sometimes labeled ruby chard, has a slightly earthier flavor, while chard with white stems tends to be sweeter.
Chard is available at local farmers’ markets during the autumn and winter. Like other dark, sturdy greens, it can be highlighted in soups and sauces, braised or sautéed as a side dish, chopped finely into fillings, and stirred into starchy accompaniments.
In chard bunches, look for dark green color and crisp, large, spreading leaves. Leaf shape and size will vary by type. Avoid any bunches that have brown or yellow leaves, or ribs that are dry or wilted enough to bend.
Store in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.
Wash chard as you would spinach: fill a large bowl with cold water, immerse the leaves, and then lift them out, letting the grit settle at the bottom. Repeat with fresh water until completely free of grit. Spin dry in a salad spinner. If the stems are fibrous, use a paring knife to cut them away, along with the tough center vein that runs along the center of each leaf. Discard the veins. Cut and cook the stems separately from the leaves, as they will take longer to become tender. Sautéed or simmered, stem pieces will take 5 to 10 minutes to cook.
Adapted from Williams-Sonoma Cooking from the Farmers’ Market, by Tasha DeSerio & Jodi Liano (Weldon Owen, 2010).