[rtl]«Disputed areas» candidate to be one of the hot complex problems in Iraq after the «Daash». But the controversy around it jumped to the surface now.
The phrase "disputed areas" were not traded before the fall of the dictatorial regime of Saddam; we did not use the opposition days , but invented by the State Administration Act , which placed under Bremer. Then the permanent constitution came to dedicate this term.
Administrative Law said in the fifty - third article:
«recognize the Kurdistan Regional Government as the official government of the territory , which was administered by the that government on March 19 , 2003 , located in the provinces of Dohuk, Arbil and Sulaimaniya, Kirkuk, Diyala and Nineveh».
This means the state Department of Law acknowledged the expansion of the borders of the Kurdistan region to the outside , " the three Kurdish provinces , " which was composed of self - rule in the previous regime area.
but the permanent constitution retreat from this detail, saying only in Article 117:
"this Constitution shall affirm, upon coming into force, the Kurdistan region and powers list, a federal region. "
as if the state administration law had predicted that the difference between the limits of self - region and Kurdistan , which has expanded will raise the problem of the added land , which will be called" disputed territories , "he said in the article eighth session:
« postpone the final settlement of the disputed territories, including Kirkuk, until the completion of the above procedures, and conduct a census fair, transparent , and until the ratification of a permanent constitution. Should this settlement is performed in accordance with the principles of justice, taking into consideration the will of the people of those territories. "
Permanent constitution and returned to this issue in Article 140 , where he said:
« First: The executive authority will take the necessary steps to complete the implementation of the requirements of Article steps (58) of Iraqi state Transitional Administrative Law, with all its clauses.
Second: the responsibility of the executive power in the transitional government, and provided for in Article 58 of the Iraqi state , the Transitional Administrative Law shall extend and continue to the executive authority elected in accordance with this Constitution, to be completed full (normalization and census and concludes with a referendum in Kirkuk and other disputed territories to determine the will of the people) in a maximum period of atheist Thirty of the month of December the year two thousand and seven. "
remained the problem revolves around the application of this article and the lag that took place in the application and the end of the period prescribed for it sparking a debate about the survival of the validity of art or is it has become null and void after her.
but the invasion of «Daash» of the conductor and regions of Kirkuk and other then the Peshmerga forces liberated large areas of the occupied territories returned to the forefront once again the debate on these hot spots after becoming subject the authority of the Peshmerga and no longer need the three stages set by the constitutional article above. a
new issue that the Ministry of Albeshmrگh announced imaginable to the issue of the withdrawal of Kurdish forces from the liberated areas. A ministry statement said: "The withdrawal under the memorandum after the liberation of Nineveh will be under a specific plan to be agreed upon between Erbil and Baghdad after stabilization. This paragraph does not mean in any way a withdrawal from areas liberated during the past two years , but it will be the city of Mosul only. "Newspaper" life " of London quoted Saeed Moszenh spokesman organizations , the Kurdistan Democratic Party, as described by the newspaper as saying:" The Albeshmrگh will not withdraw from the areas liberated because they are part of the territory. "this statement has not considered formally or statistically him but the statement of the Ministry Albeshmrگh with a different affair. The
United States , which is this disagreement, and editing operations, under her eyesight taken Porter attitude aspects and can be described as ambiguous . A spokesman for the International Alliance of Christopher Garver said: that traded between the Iraqi Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Albeshmrگh data "Iraqi political affair has nothing to do us in." In short, the borders of Kurdistan has become a variable since 1990 , as follows:
1. The borders of the autonomous region.
2. The borders of the Kurdistan region , which expands to the limits on March 19 , 2003.
3 for sale . The borders of the Kurdistan region by adding the liberated areas of authority «Daash» to the extent of this moment.
4 for sale . Areas that will be freed later. .
5. Kirkuk province.
Will require the resolution of this issue difficult negotiations the two parties have two Iraqis can solve the problem on their own are unable through peaceful negotiations as an official party did not intervene and has a respectable word if I want Iraq to avoid another new war after war «Daash.» http://www.alsabaah.iq/ArticleShow.aspx?ID=120378