Posted on August 4, 2016 by Editorial Staff in 1 Top News, Politics, Yazidis
Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament Speaker Yusuf Mohammed Sadiq. Photo: sbeiy.com
SULAIMANI, Kurdistan region ‘Iraq’,— Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament Speaker Yusuf Mohammed Sadiq said on Wednesday that those who acted irresponsibly and failed to protect Yazidi civilians from the massacre in Sinjar must be prosecuted.
Commemorating the second anniversary of the Sinjar massacre, Sadiq said, “This disaster was the extension of several other crimes and genocides which the Yazidis and other ethnic groups in the area experienced. The remembrance of this atrocity must encourage [authorities to take action] over those party officials who acted irresponsibly in [failing to] secure civilians in Sinjar.”
Islamic State group has captured most parts of Sinjar district, west of Mosul on August 3, 2014 after Iraqi Kurdish KDP Peshmerga forces withdrew from Sinjar without a fight, leaving behind the Kurdish Yazidi civilians, which led thousands of Kurdish families to flee to Mount Sinjar, where they were trapped in it and suffered from significant lack of water and food, killing and abduction of thousands of Yazidis as well as rape and captivity of thousands of women.
Of around 5,000 Yazidi women captured by the jihadi militants in the summer of 2014, some 2,000 have managed to escape or been smuggled out of Islamic State’s self-proclaimed caliphate, activists say. The Yazidi women are forced into sex slavery and are subjected to systematic rape.
The KDP Peshmerga are blamed for their abandonment of Sinjar in the hours before IS launched their attack. Many Yazidis lost faith in the Kurdistan Democratic Party KDP and its leader Massoud Barzani when its forces failed to protect them from Islamic State militants.
The Kurdistan Parliament Speaker said efforts were underway to secure recognition of genocide internationally for crimes committed against Yazidis.
“Kurdistan’s Parliament held a special session over the massacre with the attendance of foreign embassies and the international and internal human rights organizations to inform them of the crime,” Mohammed said.
The IS attack on Sinjar sent thousands fleeing from the militants and set-off a humanitarian crisis on Sinjar Mountain, where many of the town’s Yazidi residents sought refuge.
Mohammed expressed gratitude for the Yazidi Peshmerga saying “[They] heroically saved Sinjar Mountain and thousands of the city’s displaced people from terrorists, they must be respected as national champions.”
As many as 360,000 were displaced following the 2014 attacks and an estimated 1,200 others were killed during the militants’ rampage.
IS militants managed to kidnap over 6,400 others, including 3,538 women, who have been the focus of rescue efforts.
Many women who were rescued by security forces are still facing difficult conditions and the effects of trauma, although a number of them have been sent for medical and psychological treatment outside of Iraq.