Mohammed Abdul Zahra al-Hindawi
New development experience fighting Iraq waged as part of the pursuit of sustainable development contribute to the fight against poverty and hunger eradication policies in line with the new global trends based on the basis of the fight against poverty, and that the poor first in the development plans that must be to Atsttna one through partnership development and participation.
The new Iraqi experience by developing a developmental structure of the so- called Social Fund for Development, focused its functions in support of poverty alleviation and access to basic services for the poor in health, housing, education, transportation, agriculture, irrigation, employment and support social protection network projects, through the adoption of financing of projects that provide basic services in the framework of strategies to mitigate poverty, particularly the second strategy which is to be launched in 2017 until 2021.
fund the idea of a new look and perhaps not understood by some because Iraq 's experience with this type of fund is not long, as it already was established p . Fund Housing Iraq in 2011 , which means the granting of loans to citizens wishing to buy or build housing units, and with the continued worsening of the housing crisis in the country after reaching the need for more than 3.5 million housing units until the year 2015 and is increasing, not to fund a major role in address this acute crisis for reasons of funding and procedures.
The second experiment, which is still in the early work, it is the reconstruction and stability of the regions affected by the terrorist attacks , which was founded in 2015 Fund, which is facing major challenges of the enormous size of the damage caused by terrorist acts since 2004 until the full liberation of the Iraqi territory from the clutches of terrorism experience, Some of the areas occupied by the "Daesh" has become a semi - destructive Maani need a lot of money is added to the size of the damage to infrastructure and estimated at more than 42 trillion dinars, and here highlights the second challenge standing in front of this fund , a scarcity or lack of money in light of the crisis pain Maly faced by the country and therefore, the count remains on the international support for Iraq through grants, loans and aid that the fund may enable the performance side of his duties, especially we are talking about the need to work on the implementation of the strategy contribute to the provision of a positive development environment projects and therefore this it enters the fight against policies economic terrorism.
Talking about the Social Fund for Development, and the similarity in some of his joints with the two funds mentioned above, it can be said: that this experience may be somewhat different in the other details I find important and contribute to be the Fund 's position really enables it to support poverty alleviation projects, it is certainly the direct association with the head of the executive branch of the Prime Minister will give a strong momentum, with regard to the implementation of policies that recognize by the board of Directors , which includes ministers representing key sectors of development and the meaning of this that the fund will have the ability to draw its policies and decision - making on issues that arise in front of him.
It features that will have an impact on the performance of the Social Development Fund is the presence of active partners at the national level representatives of civil society organizations and the private sector as well as local governments in the provinces, in addition to experts in various fields, and such diversity in the formation of the Board of Directors will yield very important results .
And probably will emerge in front of the Social Fund for the development of a problem with regard to funding, but it is hoped to have international support role in the provision of funding , even if limited, at least in the early stages, the work of the Fund until he can stand on his feet after being recycled money through investment operations.
According to the information and data released World Bank has expressed its readiness to support the Fund 's international expertise, as well as the possibility of financing some of the projects that the fund approved after it begins to exercise its activities in the amount of $ 50 million during the first three years of his work at this stage will focus on three provinces were selected logical reasons , namely Muthanna province in southern Iraq , which is the highest rates of poverty in the provinces as it reaches the ratio to more than 50 percent Ohzh the province is facing problems because of the many developmental Wagtmaih high rates of poverty, while the second is to maintain the province of Salah al - Din Being one of the provinces that liberated completely and returned sons displaced them and therefore need appropriate support to enable them to re - development building economic and social realities, while the choice of Dohuk province within the Kurdistan region for being the province that received the largest waves of displaced people during the last period, which caused a decline in the level of services and increasing poverty ratio.
Here we are talking about this experience that we believe it is important and necessary support by all political, economic and social activities, it should also be the media, especially the media and economic clear role in promoting this project, and in return are required concerned or operators of the project giving the media aspect special attention by having a specialized unit in this area within the organizational structure of the Fund .. I also see as others see that success will not come to the availability of financial and moral support by, but can be successfully achieved when adopting fund management and clear policies focused on infrastructure projects Provided many job opportunities and thus contribute to the polarization of labor and reduce unemployment , which is witnessing an increase in the levels of rates.
But, the question remains: When this fund will work effectively in the ground, and is still in front of the steps and measures to require completion, these measures relate to approving its own law , starting from the preparation of the final draft through the submission to the State Consultative Council and the Council of Ministers and then go to the House of Representatives for approval as final and that it requires a clear organizational structure and selection of the administration , which will prepare the regulations and instructions in the light of the law .. and therefore we are in front of a period of time may not be short, is the meaning of this that the experience will not start in practice only after the completion of all these procedures?.
In my opinion , it is better - this Marah information - that the fund kicks off in his works through a temporary association with a ministry and not the Ministry of Planning for being concerned with poverty alleviation policies, and the idea of setting up the fund was launched from this ministry and therefore has the vision to manage the tasks of this project until the completion of stages work, these may count this stage as a nucleus Lltosas is built upon Lahaka .oatdh , which provides that the experience of the social Fund Lltnumeih and that was a new Olkn it seems exciting experience that these may carry with them a solution Ganb of the problems faced by the poor people of Iraq.
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