A serious water crisis threatens southern Iraq with thirst
Dhi Qar / Hussein Al-Amel
He explained that "most of the vocabulary of the agricultural plan for the winter season could not be implemented in the province due to lack of water, which led to the completion of the first irrigation of wheat and barley crops."
The head of the agricultural committee stressed the need to develop the agricultural sector in the province and support the farmers and compensate them for the losses suffered as a result of the water crisis.
The Higher Agricultural Committee in the province of Dhi Qar revealed earlier this month to deprive 80 percent of the agricultural land included in the agricultural plan for the current winter season of water irrigation, while warned of the migration of farmers as a result of the water crisis, called the Federal Government and the Ministry of Water Resources to intervene urgently and refund Emergency water discharge.
In turn, the governor of Dhi Qar, an agreement with the Ministry of Water Resources to dig more wells in different parts of the province in anticipation of the drought, which is expected to be exposed to Dhi Qar after the operation of the Turkish Aliso dam in March next year.
The governor of Dhi Qar Yahya al-Naciri said after a meeting with the concerned government departments and representatives of the General Authority of Groundwater in the Ministry of Water Resources that "the agreement with the Department of groundwater in Basra, which supervises the drilling of wells in Dhi Qar included the drilling of 10 experimental wells equipped with sophisticated sensors to read water levels In order to provide information and an integrated picture of the reality of the groundwater in the province and the possibility of future use of them.
Naciri expressed concern that there are real fears of the repercussions of the water crisis during the period in which Turkey will fill the dam Alisso.
Naciri revealed the existence of "optimistic indicators about the level of groundwater in the areas where wells will be dug," expressing "the hope that these indicators will be strengthened through the experimental results of the drilling."
He pointed out that "the results of the drilling is to determine the direct drilling of productive wells in areas experiencing drought in order to minimize the effects on citizens."
"The water crisis has become a problem facing all regions of Iraq and the Middle East and requires radical treatments that guarantee the rights of all riparian countries," he said.
He pointed out that "Iraq will be the first victim of Turkish policy in the field of water and that Dhi Qar will be the biggest affected among the Iraqi provinces as a result of that policy as it lies downstream."
He pointed out that "the administration of the province has already called for the allocation of water share of the marshlands, which are currently facing the dangers of drought and live its inhabitants a real tragedy due to weak releases of water in the rivers feeding them."
The General Authority of Groundwater in the Ministry of Water Resources announced on 9 November 2017 the drilling of 20 artesian wells in the province of Dhi Qar since the beginning of the current year 2017 and until now, and showed that the number of wells Artesian in the province rose since 2011 and until now to 400 An artesian well, drilled within the framework of a national plan to reduce the negative effects of the water scarcity crisis.
The Ministry of Water Resources revealed in previous statements that it submitted a request to postpone the water dam of the Turkish Alesso, pointing out that insisting on the scheduled end of next March would bring a real disaster in Iraq, stressing that the impact will appear clear on the Mosul Dam, comes at a time, called Committee on Agriculture And water in the House of Representatives, the Iraqi government to move internationally to pressure Turkey and delay the dictation of the dam.
On Tuesday (November 21, 2017), hundreds of farmers from Dhi Qar demonstrated in front of the governorate building to demand the treatment of the escalating water crisis which prevented them from cultivating their land during the winter agricultural season. They stressed the cessation and dehydration of most water projects in the governorate, Urgent to save them from thirst.
The agricultural sector in Dhi Qar suffers from a number of challenges, most notably the fluctuation of water levels and scarcity, salinity of the land, the backwardness of the means of agricultural production, the farmers 'lack of modern irrigation systems, the weakness of government support for the sector and the delay of governmental institutions in launching the financial benefits of marketing the farmers' The national production of dumping the Iraqi market with goods and agricultural crops imported.
The Dhi Qar province, on Tuesday (November 14, 2017), called on Prime Minister Haider Abadi to intervene urgently to regulate the distribution of water and reduce the excess of other provinces on the water share of the province, while confirming that the water crisis caused a great tragedy to the local population And the projects of drinking water purification, warned of a humanitarian disaster that threatens life in the province and warns of environmental crisis, economic and commercial.
On November 8, 2017, the local government in Dhi Qar province threatened to sue the Ministry of Water Resources and Wasit Governorate against the backdrop of the water shortage crisis and over water quotas.
It is noteworthy that the Higher Agricultural Committee in Dhi Qar, expressed its objection on 2 October 2017 to reduce its agricultural plan for the winter season for more than 20 percent under the pretext of water scarcity, while warned the agricultural associations to exacerbate tribal conflicts in the province and its impact on the agricultural season as a result of many Overflows on rivers and streams.
The drought crisis has been exacerbated in Iraq in recent years due to lack of rainfall and misuse of irrigation water and lower levels of water Tigris and Euphrates, which already suffer a two-thirds decline in the proportion of two-thirds over the past 25 years.
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