[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]The phenomenon of "trafficking in human beings" is escalating in Iraq and leaves scars difficult to cure
Have you seen the recruitment or detention of people through threats or exploitation of a situation of vulnerability or the receipt of funds for the purpose of human exploitation and even forced labor ?, then you are witnesses to crimes that fall within the concept of "trafficking evil" unscrupulous without knowing.
It is commonplace in Iraq to hear about the crimes of kidnapping, fraud, deception and exploitation of power, which means that society is threatened by the most heinous crimes against humanity that leave scars that are difficult to heal and require time and effort to deal with them.
In this regard, the Continuing Medical Education Unit at Al-Nu'man Hospital held a scientific lecture on "Trafficking in Human Beings" in the presence of Al-Adhamiya Mayor Essam Al-Obeidi and Dr. Salah Al-Azi,
The lecture was moderated by Dr. Esaf Rashid Abdul Rahman, stressing that "the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings in Iraq is dangerous to the individual and society, where the rates of registration of cases within the framework of recent events have increased as a result of the current conditions experienced by the country.
Abdulrahman attributed the causes of the phenomenon of "trafficking in human beings" in Iraq to "poverty and lack of employment opportunities and low wages of work and the absence of effective social protection systems in the country, as well as the lack of religious, moral, cultural and social," pointing out that "the results of these crimes from Social, political, economic, psychological, physical and health effects on victims such as torture and detention. "
It is noteworthy that Iraq joined the United Nations Convention against Crimes under Law No. 20 of 2007 and was the first action in Iraq is the legislation of the law against the crime of trafficking in human beings No. 28 year 2012 where the central committees were formed under the chairmanship of the Minister of the Interior, with the opening of a private house to house the victims " In the Ministry of Labor in addition to the formation of follow-up committees work in Baghdad hospitals licensed to carry out operations of lifting and transplantation of human organs
According to the Palermo Protocol adopted by the United Nations, "trafficking in persons" includes the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or reception of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or exploitation of persons Or to give or receive payments or benefits to obtain the consent of a person who has control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.
Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or servitude, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or removal of organs.
The Iraqi Judicial Council has confirmed in a statement that "the crime of trafficking in human beings in Baghdad accounted for 50 percent of the rates of registration in the rest of the provinces," noting that "judges attributed the reason for the increase of this phenomenon to the abuse of human trafficking by gangs exploiting girls and children."
According to a previous statistics issued by the Judicial Council, the Iraqi courts recorded human trafficking crimes in a large number of governorates during 2016, amounting to nearly 200 crimes, indicating that the number of male victims amounted to 91 victims, mostly children.
The statistics showed that Qadisiyah governorate ranked second after Baghdad, while Babil province was free of male traffickers. In the past year, the percentage of victims was limited to females only, while the governorates of Najaf, Kirkuk, Diyala, Basra and Muthanna were excluded from any human trafficking cases.