02/6/2018 5:02 PM
According to statistics and studies, the share of the shadow economy worldwide, according to the statistics and studies, is 5 percent of the international GDP according to a US State Department report. The parallel economy is generally defined as a national or local product that is not under the state's umbrella such as craftsmanship and simple work. .
Elements of a shadow or shadow economy include all activities that escape from the tax authority, ranging from money laundering to drugs through spraying, black market, gray or other illegal activities.
In developing countries, the proportion of the shadow economy in the national product is higher than that of developed countries. Paradoxically, America ranks first in the parallel economy, which may be due to the uneven income of Americans.
For example, customs duties and taxes are estimated at $ 3 billion and the equivalent of $ 3 billion is not met. This amount, at least according to Iraqi economists, is enough to serve the public debt, which is a cornerstone of the economy. We have no customs and non-tariff exemptions in this resource, which have been established for certain reasons but do not serve the economic process.
The exemptions are not legally valid, according to most constitutions, because they do not directly serve the national economy, especially at a critical stage. Thus, exceptions are exempted unless the parallel economy is brought to an end because it expands in a way that leads to legal and administrative complications. The economic scene and intersect with the golden rule of the centrality of tax and customs, which is in the state treasury to change them. Such illegal money requires gradual remedies and comprehensive education, to embarrass the beneficiaries of illegal exemptions or to embarrass the evaders and expose their interlocutors.
We hope that the emerging economists of the parliament will put the matter in the list of priorities and legislations, because the danger of the shadow economy is like the danger of arms outside the control of the state. Therefore, the intersection between the central administration and decentralization should be dismantled and the work of the regulatory bodies should be dismantled so that administrations can adjust their inputs and outputs and programs, Diverse and parallel authorities that are not integrated with the formal economy, thus contributing to putting an end to this bleeding in order to promote the inviolability of public funds.[/rtl]