Taiwan's new arms deal: America is strengthening its "stalemate" in China's sideBy AhadNA3 12/07/2019
A new tension has weighed heavily on China-US relations after Washington decided to sell Taiwan two billion dollars worth of military hardware to strengthen its defense capabilities against Beijing. A decision that saw the latter as an attempt to undermine the principle of "one China", calling on the United States to cancel the arms deal immediately.
Taiwan is the most important and sensitive issue in China-US relations. This is confirmed by Beijing, and Washington is well aware of it. An issue that has long been one of the hotbeds of tension in the relations between the two countries, being the first paper used by the United States on an ongoing basis to contain China, and to strengthen its growing influence in East and Southeast Asia.
Donald Trump's administration of containment of China, under the growing strategic tension between the two big economies, has not provided the cause of Taiwan. Between 2018 and 2019, the US Congress passed two controversial laws in favor of consolidating relations with an island that does not believe in the "one China" principle and seeks secession. It is now considering a $ 2 billion sale of weapons to Taiwan after approval by the State Department.
The current administration, led by Donald Trump, has since strengthened its ties with Taiwan until it has been described as the "strongest" since Washington severed diplomatic relations with Taipei 40 years ago to recognize Beijing. This trend is reinforced by the passage of the so-called "Taiwan Travel Law" by Congress in 2018. The law encourages exchanges of visits between US officials and their counterparts in Taiwan. This year, the US House of Representatives passed the Taiwan 2019 Insurance Act, reaffirming the United States' commitment to the island by implementing the Taiwan Relations Act, passed by Congress shortly after the end of the official alliance, Taipei, in 1979. China sees this law as "one of the original manifestations of the Cold War mentality and the logic of force," especially as it begins to supply Taiwan with "defensive" weapons.
Then, in 1982, the United States backed Taiwan with a document known as the "Six Safeguards," indicating first that Washington would not set a date for ending arms sales to the island, although the US government confirmed in a 17 August Chinese- In 1982 that it "does not intend to adopt a long-term armament policy" for its ally, and that it "is preparing to gradually reduce the sales of arms to Taiwan," which will "after a period of time, to a final solution."After all these years, there has been no "final solution" to US arms sales to Taiwan, nor has it expanded over time.
In early June, Taiwan announced that it had formally asked the United States to sell weapons, with the aim of modernizing its aging military equipment and strengthening its defense capabilities against China. The latter responded by asking Washington to "understand the very sensitive and destructive nature of its decision to sell arms to Taiwan and to abide by the one-China principle." The US State Department approved a $ 2.2 billion arms deal for Taiwan, including 108 M1T-Abrams tanks, Stinger, and more than 1,500 anti-tank missiles of the Gavlin and Tao models. But Beijing has repeatedly urged Washington to cancel the deal "immediately" as it constitutes "gross interference in our internal affairs, undermining China's sovereignty and security interests."
The Taiwanese Foreign Ministry, for its part, welcomed the initial US approval, saying that "Taipei stands on the front lines of China's expansionist ambitions and faces enormous threats and pressures from Beijing." In January, Chinese Foreign Minister Xi Jinping called for "reunification" with Taiwan as "both sides are part of the Chinese family" and that "the demands of Taiwan independence were a counter-trend. From history there is no future for him. " He stressed in a letter to the "comrades" in the rebel region that Beijing "wants peaceful reunification, but will leave no room for secessionist activity" and "reserves the option of pursuing all necessary means." President Tsai Ing-wen, who refuses to recognize the "one China" principle, has warned that the island will not accept the "one country, two systems" policy applied in Hong Kong and Macao.
In a report to the National Interest magazine dating back to 2018, Paul Smith, a national security researcher at the US Naval War College, believes the protracted Taiwan issue will cost America and China much. He explains that the issue continues without a final settlement, with a strong presence of the military scenario. What is going on is consistent with a historical pattern since 1950, when former US President Harry Truman published the Seventh Fleet in the Taiwan Strait, and the American scenario was repeated in 1954 when China began bombing one of the nearby Taiwan islands with artillery. In 1958, China threatened military action against Taiwan. America responded by providing military aid to its ally, helping to alleviate what later became known as the "second crisis" of the Taiwan Straits. The latest Straits crises occurred between 1995 and 1996, when China was conducting missile tests around the straits