[size=41]A shocking study .. Males in Iraq are the most exposed to "verbal and physical" harassment in the Arab countries
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[size=32]Baghdad: Yes Iraq
The results of a survey conducted by the "Arab Barometer" that Egypt, Iraq, Sudan, Algeria and Morocco are at the forefront of the Arab countries where the phenomenon of harassment, both verbal and physical.Young men and women are the most vulnerable to harassment.
Nearly 40 out of every 100 people in Egypt suffer verbal harassment, while about 30 out of every 100 suffer from physical harassment.
Harassment affects not only women; males are also victims of this practice, verbal or physical.
Tunisia, Libya and Jordan are the least vulnerable Arab countries to harassment, according to data from the Arab Barometer, published by a Princeton University-based research network.
The Arab Barometer survey defines physical sexual harassment as unethical harassment by deliberate touch in public places, transportation or shopping centers.
Egypt and Sudan are the most severely affected by sexual harassment among Arab countries, with 30 of the 100 respondents saying they had been subjected to this in the 12 months preceding the poll.
Physical sexual harassment
The results indicate that approximately 40 percent of those subjected to physical harassment in Egypt and Sudan are female, while about 20 percent of males reported being subjected to physical harassment as well.
30 percent of physical harassment practices target males and females aged 18-29 years. One-third of those harassed are from the lower-middle income class.
The rate of physical harassment in Algeria and Morocco is equal to 23 percent, one third of which targets the female category, and at the same rate targets the age group 18-29 years.
Lebanon ranked third in physical harassment, with 19 percent. Twenty percent of the targets were female and 18 percent were male.
A quarter of those harassed in the 18-29 age group, at the same pace, were the most harassed with higher academic degrees.
The survey ranked Libya, Jordan and Tunisia, the least harassing countries, with rates ranging from 5-7 percent, but targeted to those with higher degrees, targeting males and females alike.
Verbal sexual harassment, according to the survey, is exposure to unethical and undesirable words or comments, including zeroing and unethical signals in public places, transportation and shopping centers.
Egypt came first in the Arab world in verbal harassment. About 42 percent of those surveyed said they had been harassed. 60 percent of them are females and 25 percent are males. More than half of those harassed were in the 18-29 age group and were also academics. About 40 percent of those harassed are low-income.
Verbal sexual harassment
Sudan came in third, with 35 percent saying they were verbally sexually harassed. Women accounted for almost half of those subjected to harassment, and harassment increases in the age group between 18-29 years compared to 34 percent for those aged over 30 years, and the proportions in terms of educational attainment, whether high school or higher academic degrees, ratios of 36 and 34 in This type of harassment among the income class increases above the average.
In Morocco, the fourth Arab in verbal harassment, women comprise 54 percent of those who are harassed. With lower-than-average income.
Yemen ranked fifth, with 30 percent verbal harassment, more than 41 percent of them women and 19 percent men. 37 percent of those harassed are aged between 18 and 29.
Tunisia, Libya and Jordan were the least verbal sexual harassment among Arab countries, with less than 20 percent of those subjected to harassment. Nearly one-third of verbal harassment cases are directed at women, and about 20 percent of those subjected to harassment in this country are highly educated and concentrated in the 18-29 age group.
Iraq and Tunisia .. Males most harassed
According to the results of the survey, Iraq and Tunisia constitute a unique Arab case in terms of verbal and physical sexual harassment, especially as males are more vulnerable than females.
Data show that one in five Iraqis is physically harassed in public.
According to the Arab Barometer survey, a 2018 UNHCR report reinforces the findings of the polls, as sexual violence against men and boys during the conflict against ISIS in Syria and Iraq is a “phenomenon”. Rampant. ”
Male and female victims of sexual harassment in some Arab countries were higher than reported by women, they said.
Physical sexual harassment in Iraq was 19 percent, targeting 20 percent of males and 17 percent of females.
Iraq came second in verbal sexual harassment, with 36 percent. It is 39 percent for males and 33 percent for females. More than 40 percent of those harassed were in the 18-29 age group, and 32 percent in the 30+ age group.
"The under 18s were not polled, which means that younger youths may have been exposed to higher rates of verbal sexual harassment without data available," according to the respondents of the Arab Barometer.
Educational attainment does not make a difference between harassers in Iraq, with 35-36 percent of its victims having higher academic degrees or under-secondary certificates, but 38 percent of those harassed are above average.
In detail, the results of the surveys show that physical harassment in public places is more prevalent in northern Iraq, "as a result of high levels of sexual violence following the fight against ISIS in northern Iraq."
The results pointed out that "the population of Baghdad and urban residential areas and men who are most informed of verbal harassment, are the most vulnerable to sexual harassment, but the phenomenon is widespread throughout Iraq."
Tunisia tackles harassment practices
Although harassment in Tunisia is the least Arab, harassment was more male than female, verbally or physically.
Officials at the Arab Barometer told Al Hurra that Tunisia appeared to be "effectively tackling sexual harassment," noting that 13 percent of Tunisians were victims of sexual harassment within a year.
Source: Free Channel