[size=36]Report: Iraq's oil paper .. Protesters may impose a deeper blockade on the fields[/size]
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Demonstrators returned to Basra and Maysan in southern Iraq, to publicize the paper oil fields and ports in the face of the government, days after the evacuation of roads leading to the oil fields from which most of Iraq's production.
Oil officials and economists see the protesters' closure of the roads as a message to the government that escalation can be achieved through the use of economic weapons, noting that they often resort to blocking roads for a few hours and then open them on their own.
An oil official tells Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed that despite the ongoing extraction and export operations, there are fears that the protesters' messages will not remain that way and may be further escalated, especially since there are foreign companies operating in the south and dealing with the security side with great caution. ".
On Monday, demonstrators cut off roads leading to a number of oil installations in the southern province of Basra (Bir 20), Barjasiya oilfields, as well as the ports through Khor Al-Zubair, and blocked roads leading to Majnoon oil field and port. Umm Qasr Dynamic, which has been suspended more than once.
Hundreds of protesters also blocked the main road leading to the Karbala oil refinery, others closed the Maysan oilfields and closed the large oil company in the province, before reopening these facilities later after negotiations with the protesters.
The demonstrators' movements came as the head of the union of oil and gas workers Jaafar Jawad Jaafar said in a statement on Sunday that the union decided to participate in a general strike "to protest the dire conditions suffered by the people of the homeland, and demand the rights, freedoms and social justice guaranteed by the Constitution, And our full support for demonstrators throughout Iraq. "
Activists say the closure of ports and oil fields is one of the most influential tools to put pressure on the government. "What have we benefited from? No water, no electricity, no services, no schools, no hospitals. All his good things go to the parties and their followers," said Mohammed Hussein, 21, a demonstrator in Zubair, Basra.
"Banditry means cutting off theft and corruption and keeping Iraq 's goods better now," says Hassan. "This is the beginning and we will close everything in the coming times."
He pointed out that "the demands of the protesters in front of the ports and oil fields and multiple companies ranging from the dismissal of the government and dissolving parliament and holding the killers of demonstrators, but the most important and the most important demand for which the demonstrations came out is that the people get the right of money looted by politicians."
Since October 25, Iraq has been witnessing an escalating wave of anti-government protests, the second of its kind after nearly two weeks earlier.
The protesters had demanded at the beginning of the demonstrations to improve public services, provide jobs, and combat the rampant corruption in the various state agencies, before raising the ceiling of their demands to overthrow the government, after the army and security forces used excessive violence against them, which was recognized by the government, and promised to hold officials accountable about him.
Demonstrations in recent days have taken a new turn by blocking major roads leading to a number of oil fields, ports and land ports, where they see the revenues of these sectors do not go to improve living standards, while the government says that the continued closure of energy facilities, ports and ports, causing financial losses estimated at billions .
On November 6, Abdul Karim Khalaf, spokesman for the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces (Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi), said Iraq's losses due to the closure of the port of Umm Qasr for several days amounted to $ 6 billion.
A senior official in the Ministry of Transport tells Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed that his ministry is concerned with estimating losses, if any, and not any other party, without giving details about the estimated losses.
"The continuing demonstrations on an upward trend will definitely delay the government's efforts to announce a new round of oil licenses to international oil companies," said Jassim al-Fatlawi, an economist.
Al-Fatlawi adds that "the demonstration in front of an oil field has a negative impact not only on the government, but on oil companies that monitor investment opportunities in Iraq."
"The demonstrators are pressing a vital facility so Basra and Maysan may be the first provinces to be appeased by the government in jobs or services."
Iraq's oil exports fell on a monthly basis in October, to about 106.8 million barrels, compared with 107.2 million barrels in September, according to data released by the Ministry of Oil, early this month, noting that revenue fell to 6.1 billion dollars. , For 6.3 billion dollars.
According to the statement, the total quantities exported from the fields of central and southern Iraq, about 103.5 million barrels. Iraq is the second largest producer of crude oil in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) after Saudi Arabia, with an average production of 4.6 million barrels per day.
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