Shafaq News / In an attempt to better understand the dynamics of the Iraqi protests and how to deal with the grievances of the demonstrators, the American "Washington Post" newspaper, commissioned the "independent" research group, to conduct a survey that included about 1250 interviews with protesters in Baghdad and all major cities in southern Iraq from 24 November to December 1.
The newspaper found that the most prominent results of the poll are the most important for the protesters to feel their importance. In a nationwide survey conducted earlier this year, 75% of the respondents said that they felt that their lives no longer made sense, while 80% said that they felt depressed once At least one over the past 6 months.
However, participation in these demonstrations seemed to change these feelings, as about 94% of the protesters said that these demonstrations made them feel important, and almost the same percentage said that participation in these protests made them feel as if they had an opinion in determining the future of Iraq, and mentioned 97 % That participating in the protests made them more proud of being Iraqis.
The survey indicated that older generations of Iraqis waited for the government to give them their rights, while young protesters are actively demanding their rights, as about 90% of people said that these protests made them feel they are challenging the current system, and this challenge can be summarized in the main slogan of these protests: I came To take my rights.
About two-thirds of the protesters stated that they participated in the protests based on an invitation they received either on the Internet or from a physical social network, while only 12% took to the street based on calls from family members, which indicates a fundamental change from the past in which the government controlled the flow of information For Iraqi citizens.
What do the demonstrators want?
The demonstrators are calling for profound changes in the political system in general, and not just for the current government. Before the resignation of Prime Minister “Adel Abdel-Mahdi”, 86% of the protesters said they would not stop, even if the current government was overthrown, and indeed the protesters did not stop, and they are unlikely to be affected by any government change based on the old political coalitions.
The deep lack of confidence in the current political players is also a major problem for any long-term solution. With the exception of Ayatollah “Ali al-Sistani,” the most influential Shiite cleric in Iraq, who enjoys the confidence of 60% of the demonstrators, only 5% of the demonstrators trust other government politicians. , Including in the legislative, executive, and judicial branch.
More than 90% of the demonstrators welcome early elections, but because of their lack of confidence in state institutions, a low percentage agree that these elections should take place under the current electoral commission or even under the supervision of Iraqi judges.
External international players also have a low level of confidence, with only 1% of Iraqis trusting in Iran, the United States having 7%, the European Union 25% and the United Nations 30%.
Looking to the future
Young Iraqi demonstrators have demonstrated a remarkable ability to resist the drift into violence, although they have suffered heavy losses and there are ongoing efforts by armed militias and security forces to push them toward violent behavior. The demonstrators remained focused and insisted on achieving their goal of changing the political system to a system based on merit rather than political and sectarian affiliations.
While it is difficult to see the path of future protests, it is worth noting that 70% of the demonstrators have agreed to hold early, reliable elections under the supervision of the United Nations.