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The House of Representatives opens the file of the Freedom of Expression Act simultaneously with the

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The House of Representatives opens the file of the Freedom of Expression Act simultaneously with the Empty The House of Representatives opens the file of the Freedom of Expression Act simultaneously with the

Post by rocky on Thu 23 Jan 2020, 2:09 am

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[size=52]The House of Representatives opens the file of the Freedom of Expression Act simultaneously with the expansion of protests[/size]

[size=45]The House of Representatives recently re-worked on a draft law on freedom of expression, opinion, and peaceful protest, in conjunction with the expansion of the protest movement in the cities and governorates of the center and south.
[size=45]In a related context, parliamentary committees described the articles of the Freedom of Expression Law as not in conformity with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil Rights, and are inconsistent with the provisions of the Constitution and the laws in force. And demanded fundamental amendments to the draft law after holding workshops and hearings with the competent authorities.[/size]
[size=45]"The Freedom of Expression of Opinion, Assembly and Peaceful Demonstration Law is an important law that requires expediting its legislation by the House of Representatives in light of the widening number of demonstrations," stressing that there are consultations between His committee and the relevant parliamentary committees to present the law for the second reading during the upcoming parliament sessions.[/size]
[size=45]The House of Representatives had completed the first reading of the draft law on freedom of expression and opinion and peaceful protest at the end of last June, after extensive consultations with the Commission on Human Rights, Security, Defense, Endowments, and Religious and Legal Affairs.[/size]
[size=45]Abbas stresses, "There are disagreement points in the draft freedom of expression law between the blocs and the various parliamentary parties, foremost of which is the approval of the Ministry of the Interior for the demonstration, its location and time, or only to notify it of the date of the demonstration," pointing out that "these are among the fundamental points of contention between the parties that hinder the passage of the law." The law was introduced for the first time in Parliament in 2011 and at that time it witnessed strong opposition from activists, interested parties and civil society organizations, which considered that the law represents a flagrant violation of the principles of the constitution and international conventions. In so doing, Parliament had to postpone the legislation of the law pending the observations of civil society representatives.[/size]
[size=45]The MP from Nineveh Governorate points out that "activists and civil society organizations suggested that the Ministry of Interior be notified of the date of the demonstration and refused to hold the demonstration with the approval of the security authorities," noting that "this law is one of the disputed laws that have been suspended for more than a session because of the differences between the blocs and the components on its materials."[/size]
[size=45]This law requires in one of its articles to obtain prior permission from the head of the administrative unit (5) days before to organize any meeting of citizens, provided that the request for permission includes the subject of the meeting, its purpose, time and place of holding it and the names of members of the organizing committee for it.[/size]
[size=45]Representative Abbas adds that "among the contentious points in the draft of the project that are still under discussion among all parties are violations and financial fines", likely "passing the contentious materials by putting them inside the parliament and resolving them by voting."[/size]
[size=45]In the matter of freedom to demonstrate peacefully from the law, Article 1 is obligated secondly not to hold demonstrations before seven in the morning or after ten in the night.[/size]
[size=45]The MP from the Construction Alliance continues that “the relevant parliamentary committees (human rights, security and defense, endowments and religious affairs, legal) postponed the presentation of the law for the second reading to the new legislative chapter,” stressing that “Parliament will organize workshops and seminars with civil society organizations to listen to all opinions before Vote. ”[/size]
[size=45]The Committee on Culture, Tourism and Parliamentary Antiquities had presented the articles of the law for discussion at its meeting held on the thirteenth of January this month and its compatibility with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Iraqi constitution and the laws in force.[/size]
[size=45]The committee considered in its meeting that “the problematic of the draft law on freedom of expression and opinion and peaceful demonstration is that it contains a large number of items that do not comply with the applicable constitution and the obligations of the Iraqi state towards international agreements that it signed, which weakens the ability of these laws to safeguard the freedoms that have been placed Mainly to preserve it, in addition to that the draft law requires fundamental amendments, including those related to the title of the law and some of the definitions contained therein, in addition to other paragraphs.[/size]
[size=45]For his part, a member of the Culture, Tourism and Parliamentary Antiquities Committee Bashar Al-Kiki explains that “the problems and challenges that Iraq is going through prevented the law from being discussed for the completion of its legislation stages,” noting that its committee “saw in its last meeting the need to start the possibility of further discussions and dialogues with the parties concerned with Law".[/size]
[size=45]"The Parliamentary Culture Committee has a complete agenda for discussions of the Freedom of Expression Law, which will be presented to the Presidency of the House of Representatives soon before proceeding with the second reading of the draft law," Al-Kiki said in a statement to Al-Mada. "There are big problems that need extensive dialogues with all parties."[/size]
[size=45]Civil society organizations are concerned about several paragraphs of the draft freedom of expression bill, including notification and authorization of demonstrations in the law, “penalties” and the mechanism for organizing demonstrations and obtaining government approval.[/size]
[size=45]The representative of the Culture Committee adds that “the problems lie in the general framework and by restricting the freedoms and the quality of the penalties that restrict the demonstrations in obtaining the demonstration licenses, the date and time of the demonstration,” believing that “the issue needs in-depth dialogues to overcome all the differences and problems that hinder the passage of this law.”[/size]


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