[size=32]After the rapprochement between Saleh and Al-Sadr .. a new alliance between Al-Halbousi and Al-Amri and talk about "Iranian punishment" ..![/size]
Saturday 07 March 2020 at 16:18 pm (90 views)
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] FacebookTwitterGoogle plusLinkedinEmail
Baghdad / Sky Press
An American report today quoted Iraqi political sources as having arrangements being made to reassign resigned Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi by forming a tripartite alliance backed by Iran, while he talked about an atmosphere of dissatisfaction with the leadership of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and armed factions about the recent rapprochement between the leader of the Sadrist movement Muqtada al-Sadr and the President of the Republic Barham Salih, who the report says may have been punished by Iran after he refused to ask Asaad al-Idani to form a government.
Senior political sources said that there are signs that the resigned Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi may be reassigned to his position again by forming a Sunni-Shiite Kurdish alliance backed by Iran.
The sources told Al-Hurra that “the new coalition includes both the Al-Fatah coalition led by Hadi al-Amiri and the State of Law coalition led by Nuri al-Maliki, in addition to the Kurdistan Democratic Party led by Masoud Barzani and the Iraqi Forces Alliance led by Parliament Speaker Muhammad al-Halbousi and armed factions loyal to Iran.”
The sources added that these parties are preparing to start serious consultations in order to vote again on the appointment of Abdel-Mahdi as prime minister.
On the other hand, the sources confirm that there is a clear rejection from other political forces for this step, the most prominent of which is the victory coalition headed by Haider al-Abadi and the stream of wisdom led by Ammar al-Hakim and the National Alliance led by Iyad Allawi and various Kurdish forces in addition to a coalition of other leaders led by Muqtada al-Sadr.
The sources indicate that this refusal stems from the vision of these forces represented in its belief that the religious authority does not support the appointment of Abdul-Mahdi again as prime minister.
Abdul-Mahdi resigned from his post last December due to pressure from anti-government protests that erupted on October 1.
Abdul-Mahdi said at the time that he submitted his resignation based on the wish of the religious authority in Najaf.
About two months after Abdul-Mahdi's resignation, Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi was assigned the task of forming the new government, but he failed to do so after many political forces refused to participate in the scheduled parliament session to give him confidence.
According to the sources, the moves aimed at the return of Abdel-Mahdi foretell the exacerbation of the popular anger that overthrew his government, as well as a new political division that, according to observers, casts a shadow over the shaky political process.
Abdul Mahdi, “the favorite”
Although the name of the resigning Prime Minister, Adel Abdel-Mahdi, was associated with one of the most phased stages. He denied the right to peaceful protest needs, but his continuation in the post remained ambitious for the majority of political forces, regardless of their national backgrounds and political orientations.
At the end of last year, the leader of the Alliance of Forces, Muhammad al-Karbouli, said that Abd al-Mahdi was not responsible for the killing of the demonstrators, which means that he can continue in his post after presenting a package of decisions regarding the events of the demonstrations, while the statement of the Minister of Finance and the leader in the Democratic Party is echoed. Kurdistan Fouad Hussein, in which he said that "Abdul Mahdi is the best prime minister since 2003 for the region."
In line with these two approaches, the spokesperson for Mel. Yeshia, the Abu Ali Brigades, suggests in express terms that Abdul-Mahdi be renewed in his post.
The roots of the new alliance
Unlike previous governments since 2003, the issue of assigning a candidate to form the Iraqi government to succeed resigned Adel Abdul Mahdi seemed to matter to the Kurdish circles, specifically in the “Kurdistan Democratic Party” led by Masoud Barzani, after the non-Shi’ite political parties used to withdraw from the controversy of this position. And waiting for the white smoke from the Shiite house.
The article, published by Masoud Haider, adviser to the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Masoud Barzani, opened the way for a deeper understanding of the way the Prime Minister’s file has been transformed into one of the most busy files for decision makers in the Kurdistan region, led by Barzani.
Haider Hajj launched a sharp attack on the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, in his last article. He also accused Salih of “retaliation from the Democratic Party and his colleagues in the National Union by assigning a rejected candidate in the region, Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi.” In essence, he sends a message that an alliance brings together Saleh Religious leader Muqtada al-Sadr was responsible for the nomination.
But the data confirm, in return, that an old alliance between Barzani and Muqtada al-Sadr in the name of the Erbil-Najaf alliance, tried in 2012 to overthrow the Prime Minister at the time, Nuri al-Maliki and his rejection of the late leader of the “Patriotic Union of Kurdistan,” Jalal Talabani. the government.
A high-ranking political source, who participated in several rounds of negotiations between the two Kurdish parties (the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic) on the one hand, and between the region and the federal government on the other hand, revealed that “the real facts of the position of the President of the Republic go back to an earlier stage in the issue of the overthrow of Allawi, and it pertains to In particular, his position rejecting the assignment of the candidate of the construction bloc, Asaad Al-Eidani, who was considered close to Iran to the post of Prime Minister.
The source pointed out that "Saleh was indirectly receiving threats from Iran with a severe punishment for this position, and some of these threats were public at the hands of the militias."
The source does not exclude the fact that Saleh's ouster from the post of President of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan would be the repercussions of that deferred punishment, and he says in return that these repercussions led to Barzani's attempt to contain the new leaders of the Union and then a rush of those close to him to shed the issue of the failure to pass the government of Muhammad Allawi to Saleh.
But the source goes back to asserting that Iranian circles and Shiite leaders considered later in political dialogues with the Kurdish forces that Barham Salih’s position regarding the assignment of Al-Eidani in the midst of a sharp Shiite division, and rejecting popular demonstrations, was helpful in calming the internal Shi’ite dispute, and stopping a dangerous rush to the clash.
The source quotes the circles of Kurdish political leaders that there are internal fears that Barzani's position towards the Allawi government has contributed to restoring the atmosphere of tension between the region and Shiite forces, in light of a general worsening of the conditions in Baghdad and southern cities since the start of the popular demonstrations in October 2019.
Allawi is a candidate of?
It is not only a Barzani party that blamed the responsibility of assigning Allawi to Barham Salih, as political parties and media outlets with different directions held Barham Salih responsible, and some spoke of an old relationship linking the President of the Republic to Allawi, which dates back to the first Maliki government in 2006, where it was reported that Saleh was the one who proposed Allawi to head The government before submitting his resignation later.
But later facts revealed some ambiguity in this file, as the Presidency of the Republic denied in a statement Barham Salih's interference in choosing Allawi and revealed consultations with the various political forces that preceded the assignment.
The head of the Al-Fath coalition, Hadi al-Amiri, spoke in a speech on February 22 about the circumstances of this mandate by saying that he “won the acceptance of all Shiite forces except for one party, and that the assignment won the acceptance of the Kurdish and Sunni parties after contacts he had personally made with the Kurdish and Sunni leaders.”
Politician Izzat al-Shabandar strengthened in a television interview on the sixth of this month, the content of what al-Amiri mentioned, noting that he personally proposed the name of Allawi to former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki for the post of Minister of Communications.
Vian Sabri, who is the head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party’s bloc in Parliament, confirmed after the announcement of the mandate, “There are hopes and demands from this new government, including working according to the constitution, and implementing the recent agreements and understandings that occurred in March and April of last year, between each From the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Adel Abdul Mahdi government, especially the issue of budget and oil, and this is what matters to us. ”
For his part, Parliament Speaker Muhammad Al-Halbousi received then-Prime Minister-designate Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi in his office, and, according to a statement issued by Al-Halbousi's office, the appointed Speaker and Prime Minister agreed on "the necessity of forming a government with a realistic program that meets the aspirations of the people."
In the context of political support by Sunni forces to assign Allawi, the leader of the Arab project, Khamis Al-Khanjar, said on the second of last February, that "assigning Allawi is a step in the right direction towards the return of security and stability to Iraq."
All of these positions seem to support the hypothesis of a broad political agreement to assign Allawi, but this agreement was later deactivated by the inability of the taxpayer to persuade the political forces into a cabin independent of the parties.
Filtering an account with Muqtada al-Sadr
For its part, Iraqi political circles reveal a conflict of will that occurred in the case of the exclusion of Muhammad Allawi between the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Massoud Barzani, who was seen as the reference in forming successive Iraqi governments, with Muqtada al-Sadr, who stated in a recent interview that he represented the main pillar in the formation of governments.
Observers believe that a state of harmony in the positions that emerged between Barham Saleh and Sadr appears to have been unsatisfactory about it by Barzani, and this harmony appeared from the role of the Sadr Parliamentary bloc “Walkers” in supporting Barham Saleh’s candidacy for the presidency of the Republic, up to Sadr’s clear support for Saleh, After the threats posed by the militias in the wake of his meeting with US President Donald Trump, passing through Saleh's position on the nomination of the Al-Fateh Asaad Al-Eidani government.