[ltr]2020.04.21 - 21:43[/ltr][/size]
[size=16]like [size=16]0 [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.][size=11]1[/size][/size][/size]
[size=20][size=20]Baghdad - people
Iraqi President Barham Saleh warned that Iraq is facing what he described as "the great storm", against the backdrop of accumulating several challenges at one time, in an unprecedented manner, expressing his hope that the taxpayer, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, could form an effective government.
The Washington Post published a report by Nass that included an intervention in favor of dealing with a number of current issues, foremost of which is the formation of the next government, the American presence in the country, as well as warnings about the dangers of a new security collapse.
The text of the newspaper report read:
Mr. Saleh's general message was clear, nearly two decades after the US invasion, Iraq faces a new security collapse.
"We have a very severe economic crisis with the collapse of oil prices, in oil producing countries like Iraq, dependence on the state is huge, but the state's ability is also limited, especially in the context of low oil revenues," Saleh said in a wide-ranging video interview presented by the Asian Community Policy Institute on Monday. ".
The Iraqi government relies on oil revenue to fund more than 90 percent of its $ 100 billion budget. The current budget was based on expectations that global oil will remain at or above $ 56 a barrel until 2020, and with the global price falling to record levels, government revenue forecasts have been cut in half over the past month as the country struggles to stem the Corona pandemic.
Meanwhile, after years of infighting, Mr. Saleh referred to "endemic" corruption in Baghdad, stressing that "the much-needed economic reforms in Iraq will not have any real weight unless the problem of corruption is addressed."
While the Presidency of the Republic in Iraq is a largely symbolic institution - Mr. Saleh has little effective authority over the government - it is an enforceable site at the same time, with the President assigning the Prime Minister to consideration by Parliament.
Iraq is still under the pressure of the massive popular protests that pushed Baghdad to kneel and forced former Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi to resign late last year.
"Without fighting corruption and changing economic policy," the president said, "we will face broader consequences for what he describes as" western security.
Saleh said that the current political economy in Iraq "permits extremists, including terrorists, to flourish and allows to stay again in this quagmire, and extremism may be a candidate for return again because this extremism thrives because of unemployment, youth despair, lack of opportunity, and feeling of injustice."
The United States and Iran
The tensions between the United States and Iran, which have a significant impact inside Iraq, are an additional burden.
These tensions escalated late last year amid a series of attacks by Iranian-backed Shiite militias in Iraq against US forces in the country - the violence that was followed in early January by a US drone attack that killed Iranian military commander Qassem Soleimani while visiting Baghdad.
Iran retaliated by missile-propelled grenades at two bases in Iraq sheltering US forces, including one in the home of Mr. Saleh al-Kurdi, an Iraqi.
The Iraqi parliament, which US officials accuse of being increasingly undermined by the influence of the Iranian government, has called for the withdrawal of about 5,000 US soldiers, who are in the country as part of the anti-ISIS coalition.
Although many viewed the bill as a protest gesture, President Trump at that time threatened to impose "major sanctions" on Iraq and assured that US forces would not withdraw unless Baghdad compensated Washington for the potential loss of strategic bases in the country.
Recently, US forces have withdrawn from several military sites across the country, including some sites that have been attacked by Iranian-backed militias in recent months.
In his remarks, Mr. Saleh suggested that the Iraqi leaders play a role through their relations with the two parties to the conflict, to calm.
He said: "Iran is an important neighbor. We have 1,400 kilometers of borders with Iran and we cannot simply ignore Iran as a factor in both the national strategic policy of Iraq and the way we view our neighborhood - not to mention the other cultural and ethnic ties that link the two neighboring countries."
"I hope our neighbors, including Iran, will agree on one common theme, which is to support a sovereign Iraqi state that truly represents the wishes and will of the Iraqi people, because in the end this is the only viable project," he added.
He said that the message itself related to US-Iraqi relations, stressing that "the Iraqis must decide their own destiny. Do not enter or dictate to Iraq, this will not work. Many have tried it and this only weakened Iraq and undermined the stability of Iraq."
The Trump administration plans to conduct a "strategic dialogue" between the United States and Iraq in June, with the issue of troops likely to be at the top of the research dossier.
"There is a decision in the Iraqi parliament regarding the withdrawal of American forces - foreign forces," Saleh said. "We need to sit down and discuss the issue in a very frank and direct way, regarding the mission that these forces operate in Iraq."
How to tackle the file is among the most sensitive challenges facing the next prime minister, Mustafa al-Kazimi, who is a good man in the political dynamics surrounding US-Iranian tensions in Baghdad, given his recent service as head of Iraqi intelligence.
Mr. Al-Kazemi was appointed on April 9 to be the third Prime Minister-designate in Iraq in just over a month.
Shiite political parties rallied around him after the nomination of the second commissioner, Adnan al-Zorfi, met resistance from strong Iranian-backed political parties in Baghdad and failed to provide a government to parliament.
Several militias backed by Iran also issued a joint statement accusing Mr. Al-Zarfi of being an "American agent" and threatening MPs if they agreed with his proposed government, according to the Associated Press.
Mr. Al-Kazemi, who headed the Iraqi National Intelligence Service in June 2016, has a somewhat unusual political history - strong opposition to Saddam Hussein's regime who has lived in exile for a number of years - including Iran - while working as a journalist for some time. And in relations with both Tehran and Washington.
He will have 30 days in front of him under the Iraqi constitution to present a cabinet lineup for parliament’s approval.
Saleh expressed optimism, saying that Mr. Al-Kazemi “comes with a lot of political support from inside Iraq, from within the Shiite community, within the Kurds, Sunnis and the people, he has high hopes that he can complete the government early.”
Saleh said that Iraq "has gone through a lot during the past few years. ... We have gone through what he considered to be the ultimate absolute storm."
Imagine that we are in the heart of the Islamic world, in the heart of the Middle East, with low oil prices, an economic crisis, and now Corona, and the crisis between the United States, Iran, and the Arab world, all of this happening at the same time! ".
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]