[size=36]A comprehensive plan to get out of the economic crisis .. The Minister of Planning reveals the poverty rate in Iraq[/size]
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Minister of Planning, Nuri Al-Dulaimi, confirmed his ministry’s vision and comprehensive and integrated plan to get out of the current economic crisis by maximizing non-oil resources and relying on real partnership with the private sector and supporting the sectors of industry and agriculture and reducing import, while revealing that the poverty rate in the country is 20 Percentage and concentrated in the southern governorates.
The Minister revealed, in an interview with the newspaper "Al-Sabah", regrettable figures on the size and proportion of poverty in the country, and said: "
Regarding the remedies of the serious poverty file, Minister Al-Dulaimi presented several solutions to reduce poverty rates in Iraq, which are represented in the following:
- Launching the Poverty Reduction Strategy 2018-2022, which includes a package of measures and activities that contribute to supporting the poor in the areas of housing, education and health, Empowering vulnerable segments, and improving the social protection network.
- Launching the Social Fund for Development project that aims to enable the poor to access services in poor areas, and three governorates were included in the first stage (Muthanna, Salahuddin and Dohuk) in 2019, and during this year 8 new governorates were included (Diwaniyah - Dhi Qar, Maysan, Wasit, Baghdad, Anbar - Diyala - Sulaymaniyah), while the remaining seven governorates will be covered during the next year 2021, and more than 70 service projects are being implemented in the poor villages and areas that were chosen in the covered governorates, according to the data shown by a survey Rural villages implemented by the ministry earlier.
Launching an emergency financial grant for families who have been affected by the recent crisis, and whose members number more than 10 million people.
- Setting solutions and solutions to face the repercussions of the crisis on the fragile sectors for the coming periods.
The minister stressed that "according to the data available at the Ministry of Planning based on the results of the statistical surveys, the number of families that need financial intervention by the government is about 2 million families and an average of 5 members for each family, bringing the total number of their members to 10 million individuals."
Youth Employment Project
The National Project for Youth Employment launched by the Ministry of Planning is one of the most promising projects. Al-Dulaimi revealed the numbers of young people who will be included and the amounts allocated. He said: “The Ministry of Planning launched the national project for youth employment at the beginning of this year 2020, after it was delayed a lot outside the Ministry of Planning. For many reasons, the Ministry adopted it, as it is considered one of the important projects, and despite the short life of the project, it witnessed quick practical steps, represented by completing many legal, administrative, financial and logistical procedures, and the project aims to create 100,000 job opportunities during the current year, Then repent It starts to increase every year until it reaches one million jobs, and we have signed up
Employment contracts so far in the three provinces of Dhi Qar , where the project will provide 2300 jobs during the current year, and the province of Diwaniyah to provide 1700 jobs, and Anbar province to provide 2000 jobs, and so for the rest of Mahaaftat that will be signed employment contracts which successively. " The
minister shows that "The national project for youth employment depends on the principle of sharing between no less than 10 young people who receive a loan from the central bank within the bank's initiative of 1 trillion dinars to support medium-sized projects, and with the participation of private sector banks. The loan for a young person ranges between 35-50 million dinars, while The total amount of the project is 500 million Yanar to finance the project, according to the law
Iraqi investment, with simple benefits, and the presence of a developer who is a guarantor of the success of the project, who will undertake the completion of all procedures for the project, from the beginning of its initiation until the loan is recovered after 10 years, so that young people turn into owners of the project, and during this period, the young owners of the project enjoy the guarantee Health and social, and no one can finish their work in the project. ”Al-
Dulaimi believes,“ The national project for youth employment is an important step towards supporting and empowering the private sector and advancing the reality of the agricultural and industrial sectors, which are important pillars of development in Iraq. ”
As for the unemployment rate in Iraq, it reached - according to the Minister of Planning - it reached 13.8 percent, indicating that "it rises among the youth segment to 27 percent." He added, "The Ministry of Planning adopted an economic policy that creates jobs and stimulates the private sector. To employ youth and the national food security project, encourage the investment climate, and protect the product. The plans also included linking education outcomes with data and needs of the labor market, adopting qualifying and training programs to educate in the work in the private sector, and direct economic resources towards labor-intensive activities.
The current crisis The
file of the current economic crisis and the accompanying drop in oil prices and the threat of the Corona pandemic, were strongly present in the talk of Minister of Planning Nuri al-Dulaimi, where he stressed that "the ministry developed an integrated vision to advance the reality of the Iraqi economy, taking into account the implications of the current crisis."
Restructuring the government sector
- Going towards achieving a broad partnership with the private sector, and giving it the appropriate space to be a true partner in achieving development goals.
- Directing towards activating the important development sectors, particularly the agricultural, industrial and tourism sector, and focusing on the food, health and construction manufacturing industries. The National Food Security Project was launched to advance the agricultural sector within three years, up to the stage of self-sufficiency and then exporting the surplus of crops and agricultural and animal products. .
Increasing non-oil revenues.
Al-Dulaimi explains, "The crisis that Iraq is going through today is not the first. We have previously faced previous crises, the last of which was the dual security and oil crisis in 2014." He added, "The features of the 2020 crisis are represented by a sharp decrease in the volume of oil revenues with no sources An alternative that bridges the income deficit, and this crisis will have effects in most of the developmental and economic sectors in the country, especially the operational aspects and investment projects in the country.
and on the Ministry’s plans to address the rebounds of the current crisis, Al-Dulaimi says: “The Ministry of Planning has developed an integrated vision to address these rebounds, and go toward maximizing non-oil revenues, by focusing on developing the agricultural and industrial sector and increasing their proportion of GDP, and working to protect the product Local, in order to support the private sector. "
The Minister of Planning acknowledges that the Iraqi economy faces challenges that are not easy, including institutional, economic, social and environmental challenges, and each of these challenges has many details, calling for "improving development performance through improving the reality of fiscal and monetary policies, and addressing imbalances in the structure of the local product and the role of The private sector, improving the reality of the lives of vulnerable groups, applying the principles of good governance, and working to achieve spatial development at the level of governorates, districts, districts, villages, and villages.
The Minister of Planning spoke on more than one occasion about the huge amounts that go outside the country as a result of the import, noting that the ministry has plans to reduce the import, and he said: "Iraq imports annually large quantities of goods and goods to meet the need of the Iraqi market and consumer of these goods and goods, as Iraq imports With a value of $ 40 billion, and these are the imports of the private sector only, they are covered by the large monetary block represented by the employees ’salaries, which represents a significant purchasing power, so
the vision of the Ministry of Planning in dealing with this monetary block came, and drawing a
new economic cycle for it that could be from During which to steer Many of 30 percent of the size of the amounts of imports into the inside, and to support and encourage local food industry and the private of the advancement and empowerment of the sector, and will represent the first step phase of the plan, to be carried out to increase this percentage annually, in order to achieve the development goals contained in the vision of Iraq 2030 ".
census The general population census file is one of the important files for the Iraqi state, regarding this file and the procedures of the Ministry of Planning with the accompanying complications, Minister Nuri al-Dulaimi says: “The ministry through the Central Bureau of Statistics continues its preparations in full swing to implement the general census of population and housing after More than 22 years have passed since the last population census in Iraq in 1997, and it was not a complete census because it did not include the Kurdistan region.
The Minister expressed his optimism to "complete the implementation of the next census in the month of November next - if the plan goes on - according to what was planned", noting: "We have decided that the census be electronic and not paper, through the use of tablets (tablet), as it is It will be a safe census, the outputs of which will be in the service of development, away from any political impacts, because today we are in dire need of data
Real detail detailing the reality of life with all its economic, social and service details, so that we can put sound plans and draw sound long-term development policies, on sound foundations based on accurate data and indicators. ”
He added,“ The most prominent challenges facing the implementation of the census are the current financial situation and the difficulty of providing financial allocations for performing, as well as lack of time, due to delays in the completion of the number of steps as a result of the conditions faced by Iraq and of pandemic Corona ".
border crossing points
The Minister Al-Dulaimi talked about the competent side of the Ministry of Planning at the border outlets, and said: “For the first time in years, the Ministry of Planning through the Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control is able to be present at the border outlets, with the aim of carrying out audits and checks for goods and goods entering Iraq, as was done Contracting with international companies that carry out inspections and audits before
importing in the country of origin, and the Iraqi market has witnessed an improvement in the quality of imported goods as a result of applying the pre-supply inspection system, and we have not recorded corruption operations in this file as far as the matter is related to the role of the Central Organization for Standardization and Quality control, which assumes many tasks related to
monitoring the reality of the market and the local and imported commodities in it, as well as patenting and marking jewels. ”Ended 29 / A 43