[size=36]Expectations of the Iraqi economy to shrink and the budget deficit to exceed 29%[/size]
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The World Bank expected, on Saturday, the Iraqi economy to shrink and the budget deficit to rise to 29%.
According to the report, it is expected that "the country's GDP growth rate will shrink during the year 2020 by 9.7%, registering a decrease from a positive growth rate achieved in the year 2019 by 4.4%, which makes it the country's worst annual economic performance since 2003."
The report pointed out that "with the previous conditions of Iraq and entering this current crisis, it limited its ability to address the economic and social impact and mitigate it resulting from the drop in oil prices, and reduce the share of production and turmoil caused by the embargo measures related to the HIV epidemic."
His report stated that "the economy of the public sector of the country that relies entirely on oil, hindered the creation of job opportunities in the private sector. Moreover, the growing resentment towards the lack of services and the increase in corruption and lack of job opportunities are all still present, in addition to the political stalemate over Forming a new government. "
"Financial regulation and diversification of the economy through a broader contribution to the private sector are vital to reducing Iraq's vulnerability to external shocks," said Sarju Kumar Juha, regional director of the World Bank for the Mashreq region.
He adds, "The presence of targeted reform and a program to promote growth would help maintain the reconstruction efforts and maintain the positive developments achieved in the electricity and agricultural sectors over the past year," noting that "
The report indicated that "if oil prices stabilize below $ 30 a barrel, and no reform measures are taken, the budget deficit will exceed 29% of GDP for 2020, and that the total financing needs will reach $ 67 billion (more than 39% of GDP) Total)".
The World Bank stated that, "According to this situation, the financing options will be limited, and the heavy reliance on local financing can affect the liquidity available for private sector credit, and weaken the budget of the Central Bank of Iraq, thereby creating pressures on financial inflation and the rate of selling the currency", / Guest: "At the same time, the possibility of access to global markets may prove difficult, taking into account the conditions of the global market and the weakness of the Iraqi economy system."
The report included "highlighting the importance of digital transformation for Iraq and the urgent need behind it," noting that "the benefits from the active digital economy are very huge, and upgrading the digital economy will help Iraq improve economic opportunities, especially for young people, and thus meet the demands of citizens."
He pointed out that "the digital transformation of the Iraqi economy will require economic reforms and long-term development priorities, as well as a digital economic framework with several axes that include providing access to a high-speed Internet, providing digital management services, improving access to information, and developing youth skills in technology science." Ended 29 / A 43