Specialists have warned of the exacerbation of the problem of desertification in Iraq and the encroachment of sand dunes, stressing that the year 2030 will witness the entry of sand into the streets and homes of cities .
United Nations statistics estimate that Iraq loses about 100,000 dunums of arable land annually, as a result of the climate change that has occurred globally and Iraq within it, and the unjust use of soil as a result of repeated agriculture and the irrigation system that caused soil salinization .
"The problems of desertification in Iraq in general, and Muthanna in particular, need long-term national programs to survey resources in desert areas and work on their development, " said Ali Hanoush, a former academic at the Badia Studies Center at Al-Muthanna University, a member of its provincial council .
Hanoush added, "There are issues that deserve focus, such as desert oases, pasture stations, and sand dune stabilization, by making use of sensor experiences to uncover water reserves and employing them to address drought and reduce desertification levels ."
United Nations experts expect the rise of desertification and drought in Iraq due to the lack of rain and the reduction in neighboring countries of the quantities of water entering through the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which will reduce the percentage of cultivated areas in the country in half .
Hanoush explained that "Al-Muthanna has an abundant share of erosion, and its climate is the most extreme during the summer in terms of heat and scarcity of rain," noting that "desert lands occupy an area of 90 percent of the governorate's area, which occupies 11 percent of the area of Iraq."
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]