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Baghdad - IQ
The expert in the field of energy, Bilal Khalifa, stressed, on Friday (September 3, 2021), the importance of solar energy as an alternative for the country in providing electrical energy, instead of using gas and other energy sources, stressing that if Iraq used all the burning gas, it would not be enough to meet its needs of electrical energy, stressing that That there is no solution for the country except to exploit solar energy.
In a statement to IQ News , Khalifa said, "Solar energy is a sustainable and inexhaustible energy such as oil and gas, and therefore going to use that energy is a good and beneficial thing."
He pointed out that "weeks ago, Iraq signed an agreement with PowerGina to establish a solar power plant with a capacity of 2000 megawatts at a price of approximately one billion dollars. It also signed another contract with the French company Total with a capacity of 500 megawatts, and there are other contracts under study and research estimated together with the above two contracts to reach 7525 megawatts," noting that "Iraq's energy needs are currently about 10,000 ten thousand megawatts, and that the current stations are mostly gas, some of them are thermal, and very few are hydroelectric."
He added, "The burning gas, if all of it is exploited, will not be sufficient to meet Iraq's needs, and therefore it is necessary to go to alternatives, especially solar energy," noting that "the price of one megawatt is about 525,000 dollars, and therefore the price of 1000 thousand megawatts will be up to 525 One million dollars is a good price when compared to the price of the gas station, which reaches 800 million dollars per thousand megawatts."
He added, "The gas station will need daily gas, and it will be in hard currency, as is the case in the Basmaya gas station, which produces 3,300 megawatts and operates on imported gas. For power plants, this is when compared to solar plants that only need sunlight and a small number of labour, and therefore the operating costs of solar electric plants are significantly lower than gas.”
Khalifa diagnosed two solar energy problems, saying that "for each kilowatt, we need 10 square meters, and therefore 7525 megawatts will need 7,525,000 square meters, which means 30,100 acres for that, and this problem is not difficult because the unreclaimed lands are large in Iraq."
He added, "Solar energy works on the principle of ( on grid ) and batteries are not used in it because the cost will rise a lot and deviate from the economic feasibility of the project, and therefore one-fifth of the energy is the daily net rate of solar stations, because they do not work at night."
He explained that "therefore, it will solve the crisis of high loads during the day, but the problem remains unfinished in the end, so other alternatives must be developed that go in parallel with the projects of solar energy plants, such as wind energy and others."
He continued, "The current government is facing a deficit in financing the federal general budget, and therefore it went to internal and external borrowing, as well as reducing spending in investment projects and was limited to important projects, so the government has two solutions, namely, that the implementation of contracts is through ( EPCMF ), meaning that the design, processing and management And the financing by foreign investing companies, and the repayment period will be agreed upon between the government and the company so that it will not be a burden on the government.”
He pointed out that the second solution is to "give great investment opportunities to international companies by providing facilities, including the provision of land, exemptions, customs facilities, and others in order to establish solar-powered power stations, and the government also undertakes to purchase that energy, and thus we obtain electrical energy that is cheaper than the one that is provided." Buying it from neighboring countries as well as networking.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]