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A member of the Iraqi parliament, from the National Bloc, Safaa Al-Ghanim, revealed that the general amnesty law will be carried over to the next parliamentary session, noting that the current parliamentary session is nearing completion and only a few days of its life remain.
Al-Ghanim added: "There are many provisions of the law that still require extensive reviews by the parliament, and this will certainly take a long time until we reach a final version of the law."
Al-Ghanim pointed out that “among the paragraphs that are scheduled to be considered and solutions reached, they concern those included in the general amnesty law, and those who are not,” explaining that “there are many paragraphs that need to be reviewed by the competent parliamentary committees.”
A member of the House of Representatives from the National Bloc, pointed out that “some paragraphs of this law need in-depth study and political consensus among the political blocs, in order to reach a comprehensive decision on this law,” expressing his hope that “this law will be among the priorities of the upcoming parliamentary session of Legislation in the shortest possible time.
It is noteworthy that a member of the Iraqi parliament, Dhafer Al-Ani, said, “The judicial decisions issued in previous years lacked fair trial procedures, or relied on the testimony of a secret informant, and to this day we are still suffering from their consequences,” stressing that “these decisions have plunged thousands of Iraqis into The detainees, on the pretext of charges of terrorism,” referring to “the charges that amount to the death penalty.”
While the spokesperson for the Human Rights Commission in Iraq, Faten Al-Halfi, said, “Through our follow-up as a human rights commission, we note that the Iraqi judiciary proceeds in a fair and independent manner, and that death sentences are issued after investigations and legal procedures are conducted,” noting that “issuing a decision is not an issue. Rather, there must be evidence and proofs that prove the true guilt of the accused, so that the penalty may be death or life.”
In March 2021, the Iraqi Ministry of Justice said in an official statement, that the total number of death sentences issued by the courts since 2015 amounted to 7,935, of which 327 have been executed, and that the number of people sentenced to death for terrorist crimes and approved by them is discriminatory (that is, it needs the approval of the President of the Republic only until becomes enforceable) amounted to 1,012 convicts, while the number of those sentenced to death and whose judgments were not ratified by discrimination reached 6,607 (they need the approval of the Federal Court of Cassation as well as the approval of the President of the Republic).
Executing death sentences in accordance with the constitution requires the approval of the President of the Republic in order for them to acquire legal status, provided that the Ministry of Justice undertakes them after receiving special ceremonies from the presidency.
The authorities reinstated the implementation of the death penalty in 2004, after it was suspended, during the period following the entry of US forces into Iraq in the spring of 2003, which sparked criticism of organizations against this punishment, and the Iraqi authorities had last executed a death sentence on November 16, 2020 against 21 convicts. on charges of terrorism.
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