[size=18]THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT'S RELUCTANCE TO IMPLEMENT SOME PROVISIONS OF THE REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ARE CLOSED
Federal Financial Supervision Bureau
The report of the Federal Financial Supervision Bureau revealed the weakness of the policy of the Ministry of Health and Environment in implementing a sample of international environmental and sustainable development agreements. To combat desertification, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, International Trade in Threat of Extinction (CITES), Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) Rotterdam on Prior Information on Hazardous Substances Group, Stockholm on Persistent Organic Substances, Basel on Transboundary Hazardous Wastes} for the period from (2009 - until 2017)
The report stated that the level of implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy (NBSAP 2015-2020) was not completely in line with the steps and mechanisms specified for it in the sixth national report from the date of approving the strategy in 2015, in addition to the small number of projects established that contribute to the development of biodiversity (as they were limited to There is only one project, which is the establishment of a network of protected areas in Iraq) and the realization of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which aims to protect the environment, human health, natural resources, biological diversity and cultural and natural heritage with the relevant authorities. Iraq joined it in the year / 2009 and Iraq became a party (192) in which Iraq adopted (23) strategic national goals and (34) programs due to the incompleteness of the national survey, the means and equipment used to educate all citizens about biological diversity, and the lack of coordination between the Ministry of Health and the relevant authorities (Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture) as well as the Lack of workshopsestablished for its employees and managers to raise awareness about the challenges of biodiversity and Iraq has acceded to this convention.
The report indicated that there is no specialized mechanism to monitor the private companies that manufacture chemicals or pesticides within the Rotterdam Convention regarding prior knowledge of the group of hazardous materials that Iraq joined in the year 2017. Therefore, there is no clear picture of the extent and danger of the materials spread in the country, especially there are a number of pesticides. Restricted and severely restricted, the
report showed the lack of interest in projects related to green belts around cities to achieve the goal of the United Nations Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought, by taking effective measures at all levels supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements for achieving sustainable development, where (4) projects were initiated In only three governorates, two projects have been completed, and two projects are still unfinished since 2010. Iraq joined this agreement in 2009.
The report stated that there are quantities of hazardous waste (solid and liquid) accumulated in some ministries, including (oil, industry and minerals, higher education and scientific research, health and environment, electricity, interior, education, agriculture) that have not been disposed of to date despite Iraq’s accession to Basel Convention in / 2011, which aims to protect humans and the environment from the harmful effects resulting from hazardous waste and other waste management until the disposal of cross - border international legal framework free from any wrong practices
as stated in the report is not set up a national plan for the implementation Stockhom Convention on materials Membership In addition, the gradual removal of persistent organic pollutants has not started in Iraq, and Iraq joined the Convention in 2016.
It was mentioned in the report that the Cartagena Protocol, which was approved in 2000, was not taken advantage of, as there was no commitment to identifying and evaluating the potential harmful effects of living modified organisms on the conservation, sustainability and use of biological diversity and its risks to human and environmental health, as well as the lack of seriousness to set a strategy and priorities within the framework of plans Or sustainable development policies to control genetically modified organisms, as well as the sharing of information in the Biosafety Clearing-House and the absence of a specialized and accredited laboratory at the national level to detect and diagnose genetically modified organisms
The report resulted in a number of recommendations, the most important of which is working to achieve all the objectives of the national strategy for the Convention on Biological Diversity, in cooperation with the relevant authorities, and expediting the completion of the project to establish a network of protected areas in Iraq, as well as initiating other projects that the Ministry of Health and Environment needs to advance the reality of biodiversity, as well as For the formation of a joint committee from the relevant authorities in addition to the Ministry of Health, being concerned with monitoring, following up and urging the establishment of green belt projects or land reclamation and the completion of all lagging projects to reduce the phenomenon of desertification and commitment to identifying and evaluating the potential harmful effects of living modified organisms to conserve, sustain and use biological diversity and work to establish An accredited central laboratory equipped with modern technologies