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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

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Will the Iraqi elections end the quota or establish it?

rocky
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Will the Iraqi elections end the quota or establish it? Empty Will the Iraqi elections end the quota or establish it?

Post by rocky Sun 10 Oct 2021, 7:09 am

[size=52]Will the Iraqi elections end the quota or establish it?[/size]

[size=45]Changing the election law and ending the quotas were the most prominent demands of the demonstrators in Iraq in 2019, and their first demand was to change the law, but they are waiting for an end to the quotas that has controlled the country since 2003.[/size]
[size=45]Today, Sunday, October 10, the first elections under the new law will take place after the popular demonstrations in 2019 that toppled the previous government of Adel Abdul-Mahdi, after nearly 800 victims and 20,000 wounded, among the youth rising up against corruption and the ruling class on quotas.[/size]
[size=45]Do we see a new class after the elections?[/size]
[size=45]Despite the many hopes that were pinned on them, the results of the upcoming elections will not bring any change in the map of political forces from their counterparts from the previous elections, according to political researcher Nabil Jabbar Al-Ali, attributing this to “the absence of forces classified at the national level.”[/size]
[size=45]Regarding the results of the voter’s votes and how the parliamentary seats are distributed according to the participants in the elections, Al-Ali expects the coalition of Shiite parties and currents to obtain 160 seats, while Sunni alliances may get 70 seats, while the Kurdish parties’ seats may reach about 60, and the rest of the seats will be distributed among components and movements emerging, including the candidates of the October movement.[/size]
[size=45]Compatibility and allotment[/size]
[size=45]Al-Ali concludes, “If we reach these results, we will continue to work on the principle of consociationalism and rationing of components, and the norms and mechanisms for distributing positions will not change, but it is possible that we will witness the formation of two political groups similar to what happened in 2018, a coalition (construction and reform) to include each of them.” The three sects that seek to seize power and distribute it in the same muhassasa manner.”[/size]
[size=45]Legal expert Ali Al-Tamimi says that the new election law No. 9 of 2020, the system of electoral complaints and appeals No. 7 of 2020 and the electoral campaign system No. 5 of 2020, all prevent violating the conditions for candidacy or committing electoral crimes such as inciting sectarian strife, attacking state institutions, the judiciary, or offending to the reputation of the candidates and committing crimes that violate the Iraqi Penal Code 111 of 1969.[/size]
[size=45]Al-Tamimi explains that the Board of Commissioners has the ability to revoke a candidate's endorsement based on the evidence presented and also refer the matter to the Legal Department to file complaints in the courts to decide on legal violations.[/size]
[size=45]Al-Tamimi indicates that “the decision of the Commission’s Council is subject to appeal before the judicial body formed under the Election Commission Law 31 of 2019 within three days from the date of issuing the decision, and the law obliges this body to decide on the appeal within 10 days.”[/size]
[size=45]new law[/size]
[size=45]Previously, the Sainte-Laguë law was applied, which favors the large parties by dividing the votes of the voters among the large blocs and depriving them of small ones.[/size]
[size=45]the Saint Lego Mechanism; It is an electoral system (created in 1910 and applied for the first time in Norway and Sweden in 1951), adopted by the Iraqi Council of Representatives since 2013 and includes the method of distributing seats to competing lists within the electoral law, and large electoral blocs and lists benefited from it at that time.[/size]
[size=45]As for the new electoral law, it divided the country into 83 electoral districts. 21 coalitions and 167 parties will participate, including 58 within the aforementioned coalitions, while the number of candidates was 3,249, including 951 women.[/size]
[size=45]Does the new law end the quota system?[/size]
[size=45]The division of sovereign positions became a political norm after 2003 and was adopted with the approval of all parties, sects and components, with the position of the presidency for the Kurds and the position of prime minister for the Shiites; As for the Sunnis, their share shall be the presidency of the House of Representatives. And political science academic Latif Diab hopes that this “destructive” custom of the right to develop the country will end, as he puts it.[/size]
[size=45]Diab says, "The division of the cake in the current political alliances is as it was in previous electoral cycles, but it may witness more rivalries as a result of the alliances that will follow the emergence of the election results."[/size]
[size=45]Diab repeats these rivalries to the fact that “many political parties and blocs attach their existence to the continuation of internal problems, explaining that these blocs do not have effective political programs that can extricate the country from its crises, especially since financial and administrative corruption has become entrenched in the state with great difficulty in political work. Real".[/size]
[size=45]real challenge[/size]
[size=45]As if his words were now written in a “fresh” article, the researcher Hisham Al-Hashemi, who was assassinated on the 6th of July of the year 2020, saw in an article published months before his assassination, that removing quotas still represents a real challenge to any new government programs In addition to the insistence of the leaders of blocs, parties, and emirs of factions to implement political, sectarian and national quotas.[/size]
[size=45]Today, in addition to the problem of quotas and the consequent marginalization and exclusion of competencies, the displacement of minds and internal wars between the partners of the homeland, language and religion, the Iraqi state faces waves of religious extremism that have developed and complicated due to quotas on which a failed regime was based, and appeared in some aspects in the form of the emergence of violent groups that lost The country has security and stability, which represents a challenge facing every government. The struggle for social justice and development in Iraq today takes two tracks: the path of eliminating political quotas and its effects, and building a state of law that is based on equality between citizens and the achievement of social justice.[/size]
[size=45]According to the late al-Hashemi, the custom of quotas, in the sharing of power and wealth, produced a class that invested in corruption for the sake of sustainability, so it seeks to perpetuate internal crises and conflicts by fabricating sedition and other means.[/size]
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    Current date/time is Mon 25 Oct 2021, 8:42 am