A new study published on the website (Science Advances) on January 14, 2022, and conducted by a team of ancient geneticists at the Jacques Monod Institute in Paris, stated that a super-strong animal known as the “Conga” was the first engineered human-made hybrid of two different species of animals. . Scientists have studied the genome sequence of the skeletons of horses that were found in the cemetery of the archaeological site of (Umm Marra) in Aleppo, northern Syria, and their age is estimated at about 4500 years. The results of the study indicate that the skeletons belonging to the conga family are an F1 hybrid between female field donkeys and male Syrian wild donkey (hemip).
This discovery is considered the first evidence of breeding hybrid animals. Because of their size and speed, the large male conga were used to pull chariots of kings and statues of deities. This made them more desirable than field donkeys in drawing four-wheeled chariots.
Mesopotamia is the ancient region of the Middle East that corresponds to the modern era of the states of Iraq and parts of Syria and Turkey. While there is archaeological evidence to suggest that horses were bred in the western plains regions 6000 years ago, they were not known in the Mesopotamian regions until much later, according to a previous study conducted by the same research group and published in 2020.
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