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Baghdad: Omar Abdul Latif
Iraq is one of the highest countries in the world, according to the population ratio, in terms of the number of graduate degree holders, which contradicts the clear state of deterioration in all aspects of life that the country is experiencing. Iraq needs it.
Al-Masoudi said: “The problem of the huge number of holders of higher degrees lies in the link between the certificate and the job and its progression, according to Civil Service Law No. 24 of 1960 so that the appointment is based on need, certificate and specialization, but the biggest problem is in the employee completing his studies without taking approvals from his department, taking into account the specialization, degree and job title.
He added, "The other problem is the quality of the certificate and specialization obtained by the student, which raises many question marks, especially that the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research is not interested at all in this issue, in addition to the fact that the Iraqi cultural attachés abroad did not perform their role properly and misled a lot. Students are encouraged to go to universities, as well as collusion between the executive bodies represented by departments and ministries in this matter.”
He added, "The official knows very well that the employee who works in his department cannot combine a job and study without his consent, and such a condition does not exist in most students."
A member of the Higher Education Committee in the former House of Representatives described the law on the equivalence of university degrees No. 20 of 2020 as “shocking,” and explained that “many parties did not approve of it, and he challenged some of its articles in the Federal Court,” revealing that “tens of thousands of certificates that It is not worthy I passed in the period between voting on the law and challenging it.”
For his part, a member of the "General Conference of the Syndicate of Academics", Dr. Ihsan Omar Al-Hadithi, Vice-President of the "University Teaching Association", stated that "universities have begun to empty some specializations."
Al-Hadithi said: “Most of the disciplines taught in universities are not needed by the country, and if it does, it may be on a limited scale,” noting that “the financial aspect is the reason why students go to some universities in neighboring or Arab countries, in addition to it being a subject for trade.” .
Al-Hadithi criticized the government’s policy with some laws that have been emptied of their content, such as the “University Service” law, which caused a mass emigration from the Ministry of Education to education as a result of the allocations that the holder of a higher degree deserves, and allowing him to move from his ministry to another.
A member of the “General Conference of the Syndicate of Academics” noted that it had prepared a project for the employment of holders of higher degrees in literacy and adult education, which could provide jobs for this segment, in addition to the contribution of institutions to support this project.
• Editing: Muhammad Al-Ansari
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