Green Mosul.. The first international conference to discuss climate change in Nineveh
|[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]|
Economy News - Baghdad
Mosul Eye Foundation (Monday, May 9, 2022) held the "Green Mosul" forum in cooperation with the Northern Technical University and the University of Mosul, to discuss solutions and challenges of climate change in Iraq and the region and to present the risks of climate change and direct effects on the environment.
Shirwan Anwar Mustafa, adviser to the Association of Iraqi Private Banks, and one of the conference participants, said, "The most prominent warnings presented during the forum are that carbon dioxide and methane are greenhouse gases that cause a rise in the surface temperature of the Earth and global warming, as the global average concentration of them has increased by more than 45%. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, and the burning of fossil fuels "coal - petroleum - natural gas", which is called carbon pollution, causes the death of about 3.4 million people annually around the world, according to data from the World Health Organization.
He added, "Reducing the potential catastrophic repercussions on the Earth's ecosystems requires the disposal of 33 gigatons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere annually using carbon capture and storage methods. For Iraq, the percentage of green areas decreased by 60% 50 years ago to an area of no more than Currently, it is one of the five countries in the world most affected by these dangerous transformations, and the water levels entering Iraq from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers from neighboring countries have decreased by more than 60%.
The most prominent recommendations that were presented during the forum were “the necessity of cooperation of all government agencies for the success of the implementation of the central initiative, including the issuance of standard specifications for solar energy systems, which is a joint responsibility between the Ministry of Electricity and the Central Organization for Measurement and Quality Control of solar energy systems, support companies working in the processing of renewable energy systems and reduce government bureaucratic procedures In implementing this type of project and revitalizing the Renewable Energy Department in the Ministry of Electricity, as it is the sectoral body, in order to play an active role in rehabilitating and supporting companies specialized in the field of renewable energy.”
The participants also recommended the need to “adopt a long-term, innovation-based perspective to reduce dependence on fossil fuels, such as the use of small compact nuclear plants, and encourage companies to apply carbon recycling technologies and produce carbon nanotubes for which the Green Climate Fund allocates large grants.”
They emphasized that oil companies, cement production companies, and other companies polluting the environment are obligated to support the Tamkeen Fund for Community Initiatives, activate programs to reduce carbon emissions, and carry out green belt projects in the governorates close to their companies, instead of the government having to implement the program of green taxes or ecological taxes “Pigovian tax” according to the principle of Pollution pays, and whoever mitigates pollution deserves support."
It is noteworthy that the forum was opened with a speech by the President of the Northern Technical University, the Vice President of Mosul University, the Deputy Governor of Nineveh Raad Al-Abbasi, the Executive Director of the Mosul Eye Foundation Anas Al-Tai, and Muhammad Kechuk, the Turkish Consul General in Mosul, Turkey.
He referred to a joint project with the Nineveh Governorate to plant 200,000 trees in Mosul, which may reach one million in the future. A video speech was also presented to Eric Chevalier, the French ambassador to Iraq, via satellite. Hana Neumann, a member of the European Parliament, also gave a video speech, after which the work of the forum was launched with working papers on Over the course of six sessions, four of them were held on the stage of Mosul University and two on the Zoom platform broadcast from the Italian capital, Rome, in which representatives of many international and local organizations, professors and academics from Nineveh universities spoke.