[size=52]Serious steps in Najaf to confront desertification[/size]
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Baghdad: Mustafa Majid
Najaf: Hussein Al-Kaabi
Najaf Governorate has embarked on serious steps to combat desertification, most notably campaigns to plant trees that can withstand high temperatures, to stop the encroachment of sand and increase the green area.
Simultaneously, a specialist believes that what is treated annually of lands affected by desertification does not address the aggravating problem, because more sandy lands are added annually than are treated.
According to the United Nations, the world loses 691 square kilometers of agricultural land every year as a result of the worsening problem of desertification, while 100 countries are affected by desertification by forcing residents of agricultural land to leave it and resort to cities, and its statistics estimate their numbers at one billion people, which constitutes one sixth of the world's population.
The Najaf Municipality Department, in cooperation with the upper holy shrine, launched a campaign to plant the streets of the city center and the roads leading to it, according to Najaf municipality media official Bashar Al-Sudani, who explained to “Al-Sabah”: that the first phase includes afforestation ten kilometers, starting from the Radwiya bridge south of the city of Najaf. With the extension of the arc road surrounding it from the southwest side to the Mudhaffar Square.
He added that the upper threshold donated 10,000 seedlings of trees tolerant of high temperatures and lack of water, revealing that the campaign is the first phase within a preliminary agreement with the threshold to plant the arc and annual roads leading to the city completely to improve the environment and combat desertification.
Efforts to combat desertification in Iraq are governed by several conditions and facts, according to agricultural expert Nasser Abdel Amir, explaining: that any plans or programs related to this must take into account the water sources and types of plants that can be grown in desert areas, in addition to the efforts and methods of stabilizing dunes Moving sand, as well as the possibility of obtaining water sources in the western region by adopting groundwater, which must be dealt with carefully and scientifically.
In the same context, he pointed to the importance of developing an urgent treatment to reduce the alarming rates of desertification rates in Iraq, which are becoming dangerously high, in light of the lack of rainfall, and the growth of regional dust storms, which greatly affect the environmental reality in the first place, stressing that what is addressed annually Of the lands afflicted by desertification, it does not address the aggravating problem of desertification, because more sandy lands are added annually than are being treated.
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