[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]Ahmed Al-Dabbagh
The Iraqis are awaiting the formation of the new Iraqi government more than a year after the early legislative elections, as the raging political differences between the political blocs led to the assignment of Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani to form the new government that Parliament gave him a month ago to submit it, ending on November 12 next.
In light of the political and economic situation in the country, there are a number of thorny issues that the next government will face, between political, economic, security and others, which will make the Sudanese task difficult and fraught with dangers.
There are many files that the Sudanese government will face, which is confirmed by the head of the citizenship project Ghaith Al-Tamimi, who believes that the major challenges start with the government formation outside the frameworks of party quotas, which necessitates choosing ministers whom he described as (incompetent), which may lose the Sudanese ability to reform that He promised it, in addition to the files of corruption, reform, regional relations, drought and others.
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]Al-Tamimi believes that controlling loose weapons is the biggest challenge facing the next wisdom (Al Jazeera Net)
The political and security files
Al-Tamimi added, in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, that the other challenge that the Sudanese will face is to control the armed groups and uncontrolled weapons outside the framework of the state, pointing out that all these challenges are related to political blocs that will be participating within the next government headed by the Sudanese.
As for regional relations and Turkish and Iranian attacks on Iraqi lands, Al-Tamimi comments, "This file depends on the Sudanese establishment of a united internal front that depends on the government cabinet through which the mechanism for responding to attacks will be formed in light of the presence of parties that only care about their partisan interests without regard to the country."
It is suggested that the Sudanese government deal with the attacks through economic pressure that Iraq can use, especially since Iraq imports goods valued at $37 billion from Turkey and Iran, according to Al-Tamimi.
Turning to the nature of the relationship that will govern the government with the Sadrist movement, Al-Tamimi believes in his speech to Al Jazeera Net that the Sadrist movement has no problem with the Sudanese except that it is affiliated with the coordination framework, likely to give the Sudanese movement an opportunity to implement its government program that it promised, and therefore the nature of the next government will determine How Muqtada al-Sadr dealt with this government, which may apply to demonstrators from different segments of society, as he put it.
In the meantime, Kurdish political analyst Muhammad Zangana believes that the next government will not be in its best condition during the first months, especially if it is not a fortunate Iraqi decision-maker, explaining that the Turkish aggression continues through the agreement concluded with Iraq during the era of former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki in 2007, and therefore the government will not be able to stop these attacks.
And about the Iranian attacks, Zangana said in his interview with Al Jazeera Net, "The Iranian influence in Iraq is very large, and the Iraqi government cannot ignore this influence, which means that the government will face difficulty in dealing with this file, and that the Iranian government may work to export its current internal crisis to Iraq. ".
Zangana does not stop there, adding that Al-Sudani will face many big files such as Article 140 of the constitution on the disputed areas between the Kurdistan Region and Baghdad, the oil and gas file and the Peshmerga forces and the file of rulings issued by the Federal Court related to the region.
On the other hand, Adnan Al-Sarraj, head of the Iraqi Center for Media Development, believes that the time may seem early to talk about how the future Sudanese government will face the Turkish and Iranian attacks, especially since the government has not been formed yet, indicating that solving the problem of Iranian aggression may be possible through a strong relationship. Which links the party that nominated Al-Sudani to the Iranian politicians, which does not apply to the Turkish attacks, as he put it.
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]Al-Shamaa believes that corruption is rampant in Iraq and that it is difficult to combat it (Al-Jazeera Net)
The economics and corruption files
There are many files that the Sudanese and his government will face, as the corruption file is at the top of the priorities of the Sudanese government, according to what he pledged in his assignment letter. At once and powerfully, he put it.
Speaking to Al-Jazeera Net, Al-Shamma continues that the Sudanese, if he succeeds in this file, may qualify him to start the stage of economic reform in various sectors, including energy, agriculture, drought and the water file, with the need to adopt an effective strategy to reduce the country's dependence on the country's oil revenues.
Al-Shammaa added that the Sudanese government is consensual like its predecessors, which will limit the ability of the Sudanese to confront the "corruption mafias" that all previous governments did not succeed in confronting.
Kurdish political researcher Muhammad Zangana appears more pessimistic in this file, as he points out that the size of corruption in Iraq before 2003 did not exceed 30 million dollars, at a time when the country is currently witnessing great financial corruption, especially that the size of corruption may reach hundreds of billions of dollars. In government institutions, he indicated that corruption before 2003 was limited to one party, while today corruption includes all parties, according to Zangana.
And about the possibility of the Sudanese facing corruption, Zangana comments, “The legacy is great, and the Sudanese will not be able to deal with the corruption file, especially if we take into account that the Sadrist movement will be waiting for the government to bring it down through demonstrations that may emerge in most Iraqi cities, i.e. an Iraqi government will not hold out much.” Unless the Sadrist movement is satisfied with it."
On the other hand, in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, Adnan Al-Sarraj sees that the problem of corruption will be a top priority for the Sudanese, based on his ability to solve, which he gained during his presidency of several ministries in previous governments, noting that the Sudanese need a comprehensive strategy to combat widespread corruption, which is what It certainly depends on the cooperation of political forces to fight it or at least limit it.
[You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]Zangana considered that corruption in Iraq doubled dramatically after 2003 (Al-Jazeera Net)
Drought, energy and agriculture
A great legacy that the Sudanese will inherit. In addition to the political and economic problems, Ghaith Al-Tamimi believes that the file of electricity, water, environment and drought are thorny issues that affect the daily lives of Iraqis, which requires the government to find quick and effective solutions to reassure the Iraqi people who provided thousands of victims to restore their rights.
And he concludes his speech by noting that if the situation continues as it is, this will leave very dangerous effects on the state and the Sudanese government at the same time, which will prevent the continuation of his government, according to Al-Tamimi.
The issue of agriculture is no less important than the above, as the country’s southern governorates suffer from a significant scarcity of drinking water and the drying up of the marshes, with a significant decline in agriculture, as the country’s agricultural plan is still confused, which has led to more excessive import of various types of agricultural commodities from neighboring countries, according to Zangana.
Source : Al Jazeera
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