A "risky" mission... How will Al-Sudani face the foreign relations file?
Shafaq News/ Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani, who is in charge of forming the new Iraqi government, met with more than seven ambassadors, within just one month, which reflects the interest of the next government in the file of foreign relations, amid escalating global tension.
Al-Sudani received, thirty days ago, the ambassadors of (Jordan, Turkey, Canada, Germany, Russia, America, Britain), while he received a call from Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati, most of which came with the content of "consolidating means of joint cooperation." As for French President Emmanuel Macron and the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq, Jeanine Plasschaert, each sent congratulatory messages on the occasion of his assignment.
More than a year after the early legislative elections were held, the political blocs agreed on October 13 to assign Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani to form the new government, which Parliament gave him a month ago to present it according to the provisions of the constitution.
Al-Sudani faces a number of thorny issues, the most prominent of which is the file of Iraq’s relationship with different countries of the world, which is a difficult and fraught task, according to observers, especially in its ability to maintain neutrality and balance with Iran and America in light of the heated tension between them, as well as the Saudi-Iranian dialogue sponsored by Baghdad since Last year, Iraq opened up to the Gulf, Egyptians and Jordanians in various fields.
In this regard, the legal advisor to the parliamentary committees, Hatif Al-Rikabi, says that "the Sudanese have been working since last July on his ministerial curriculum, and within this curriculum is the file of foreign relations, which has an integrated strategic vision around it, especially the issue of water with the riparian countries (Turkey, Iran and Syria). ".
Al-Rikabi added to Shafaq News Agency, that "the law of the National Water Council also includes the law of the National Water Council, and it will also work to build interconnected external relations with neighboring and regional countries," adding that Al-Sudani "will succeed in this file as he has charisma and an integrated team, whether with regard to negotiation or dealing. with these countries.
With the political, economic and security conditions in Iraq, "there is a set of outstanding issues that the Sudanese government must face, which makes the task fraught with dangers," according to the Saudi political analyst, Mubarak Al-Ati.
In an interview with Shafaq News Agency, Al-Ati believes that "controlling armed groups and collecting uncontrolled weapons outside the framework of the state, makes this file one of the most dangerous files, because armed groups will be represented in the expected government formation, which will make the Sudanese task difficult."
Al-Ati expresses his fear that "Iraq will witness - in the file of Iraqi regional relations - a clear escalation of regional polarization and the bullying of internal organizations or parties with the strength of their affiliation with the countries surrounding Iraq, specifically loyal to Iran."
And the Saudi analyst continues, "especially since Al-Sudani is nominated by the coordination framework grouping led by Al-Maliki, and this actually warns that Iraq's relations with its Arab neighbors will witness a state of apathy, retreat and regression, which will greatly affect the progress recorded in Iraqi-Arab transactions."
And he continues, "This will require the Sudanese to demonstrate the strength of independence and send positive messages to the brothers of Iraq, and that Baghdad will take care of its Arab depth, and that Arab investments are protected and preserved, and that he continues to restore his fractured relations with the region, and adheres to infrastructure projects, such as electricity and water that Iraq signed with its brothers And to distance Iraq from the various Iranian interferences and to protect its borders from Turkish and Iranian strikes.
Cooperation and conflict
Iraq lacks a fixed strategy that takes into account the elements of cooperation and conflict in its foreign relations, as it relies on preconceived positions with countries, which makes its foreign relations volatile, according to political analyst, Muhammad Nanaa.
Nanaa added to Shafaq News Agency, "The Foreign Relations Committee in the House of Representatives does not have a pivotal role in foreign relations, but rather a marginal protocol role that is limited to the presence of members of the Committee in ineffective conferences, in addition to the existence of a gap between the work of the government and the Foreign Relations Committee with regard to their relations." external".
And he explains, "The role of non-state actors, including (businessmen, politicians from different sects, tribal sheikhs, clerics), these have a greater influence in neighboring countries or with regional or international interest than the influence of the government itself, and this is a mistake."
He stresses, therefore, that the government must “adopt a fixed strategy, reduce external (non-governmental) activity, and strengthen the governmental role (the prime minister, cabinet, minister of foreign affairs and ambassadors), and without this strategy and effective action, the balance of the balance will tilt to other countries in that It is attracted from inside Iraq in line with its policies, and here the government loses its influence outside Iraq and relations are disrupted.
In conclusion, Naa'a expressed his hope that "in the next stage, Iraq will have good relations that guarantee its interests and the interests of its people through steadfastness in the foreign policy that has not been achieved so far."
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