Baghdad / term
Washington is seeking to persuade the factions of Sunni insurgent leaders and clan fighting guerrillas to organize the Islamic state, in a move similar to the movement of the Awakening which expelled al Qaeda from the country six years ago because they do not want to send American troops to Iraq.
said James Jeffrey, a veteran diplomat who served as the American ambassador to the Iraq in the period 2010 to 2012 and has close links to the government in Baghdad, "many moves at the moment." "The meetings were held in Erbil and meetings in Amman," referring to the talks between tribal groups and American officials.
The plan is far from easy, because many of the Sunni Awakening movement considered a failure, but a betrayal and believe in organizing the invasion of the Islamic State of northern and western Iraq, where Sunnis are the majority lesser of two evils, despite the mass killings.
He says American and Iraqi officials said the new plan does not represent a revival of the Awakening, but will be incorporated into the year in the "National Guard" represents a security force intended to get rid of the centralization of power in Baghdad to address the demands of the year to stop what they see as persecution by the security forces with a Shiite majority.
Never did materialize previous promises made by American and Iraqi officials to integrate the Sunni minority in the State of Iraq for what they offer of help. Instead, the movement's leaders found themselves hunted insurgents and the Iraqi government led by Shiites alike.
It was not the American air strikes and the recent Iraqi targets belonging to the organization of the Islamic State of interest because it does not distinguish between its fighters and the civilian population. It says that the leaders of the local strikes hit residential areas even after the final call of the government to avoid hitting civilians.
However, security officials say Iraq and the United States that the talks taking place between American and Iraqi officials on the one hand and the Iraqi Sunni groups on the other.
Said a Western diplomat in the region, speaking on condition of anonymity, "We are talking while speaking Americans of all institutions with Iraqi Sunnis from all spectra. Oman and filled with these people."
Contact is also being fought Sunni militants of the American forces and the Iraqi government after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
To be sure, talk with armed groups have killed American soldiers will be contentious in the United States as well as in Iraq, where the Shiite majority feel concerned for the support to be provided by the United States for Sunni militants.
Among the most prominent mediators year for Americans, Ahmed Abu Risha, one of the leaders of the forces that fought al-Qaida in Iraq. He said that more than 20 tribal leader from Anbar province in western Iraq, talking with representatives of the Americans. "These leaders are ready to help American troops in the fighting (against the Islamic State) is working on a reorganization of the Awakening forces, which currently has 22 thousand members still Iqatlunha."
He said that 32 thousand fighters of the Sahwa forces are ready to fight on the side of the United States, the official said Iraqi security forces being the main dialogue with a mix of tribal groups and the Sunni militants of up to about 60 thousand fighters.
Obama has promised to destroy the Islamic state using an organized campaign of air strikes. He said that the United States' allies in NATO are ready to participate in military action against the movement and described as a major threat to the West.
In contrast to what happened with the Awakening movement, it will not be for the United States troops on the ground with Sunni militants, which makes controlling the process more difficult and more difficult to defuse confrontations between combatants and Baghdad.
Abu Risha and the same figure where opinions differed. The antagonized his support for former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to attack militants in Anbar this year, many people in his province, where aerial bombardment forced hundreds of thousands to flee their homes.
And still the danger exists that pays the formation of a new force led by Abu Risha, a Sunni tribal figures again to fight and stand up for the organization of the Islamic state.
The American diplomat said that there are a number of Sunni tribal leaders traveled to the moderate Sunni states, Saudi Arabia and Qatar in recent weeks and asked for support from the Gulf states to expel the organization.
A senior Iraqi government official said Iraqi Sunni groups in talks with Baghdad since last June, and she offered to fight against the Islamic state, the distribution of power on a larger scale and to forgive those who fought against the government.
The official said, speaking on condition of anonymity, "All of these groups will meet with government officials to make deals. Says it will give us control of the areas provided access to what you want." He added that the government wants to know what these groups can accomplish.
He said one of the tribal leaders communicate with them being in Anbar that the Americans contacted him indirectly to engage supporters in the plan. He said the names of other members of the former Iraqi Baath Party to Islamists who seek to overthrow the government by force Baghdad.
He told Reuters that the Americans met with the Muslim army led by Islamists from the Sunni and Baathist army Naqshbandi.
"Some elements in the Iraqi government has also begun a dialogue with these groups also criminalized to fight for an Islamic state."
Another source said in the ranks of the Sunni insurgency participate in the process that he is being prepared for more formal talks between the Islamic Army and the United States.
In the past week the form of new Iraqi prime minister Haidar al-Abbadi a new government despite the divisions, but the positions of Minister of Interior and Minister of Defense ultra-sensitivity are still vacant.
As Iraqi security official confirmed that high-level talks between the Americans and the armed groups opposed to the two governments Aerakitin past and present.
The official denied the State Department continues the ministry with such groups, but did not rule out the possibility of a government institution continues with these other factions.
And many Sunnis feel resentful of American support for the Baghdad government launched a crackdown on protests a year during the past two years, and explosive barrels used in the bombing of the Islamic State fighters who hide among civilians so far has not met their demands for more rights.
The commander said the same clan "Unfortunately, the Americans do not change their ways, but only Stratejathm ... They see their interests in Iraq with the Shiites increasingly. They see a common interest with Iran."
He warned Sheikh Lawrence Hardan Chairman clan elders vine that ordinary citizens of the year in his province are living in extremely difficult conditions.
He said by telephone, "in our opinion should be taken certain steps first, such as stopping the bombing of cities so that displaced people from returning to their homes. Blockades exist in some cities and there is no electricity or public services."
He said last Friday that about five percent of the attacks hit the Iraqi Air recent organization of the Islamic state and the rest hit civilian targets.
On Saturday, al-Abadi announced that it is to suspend air strikes in civilian areas two days earlier. However, the reports of strikes on Fallujah and Ramadi have been coming in since this decision, while referring to the difficulty of implementation.
On Thursday, thrown 14 explosive barrels on Fallujah, killing 22 civilians, said a hospital source in the city, while air raid led to three people were killed in Ramadi on Friday.
Detectives warned Iraqi police officer in the news that much of the year assume that any air raids in Anbar, an American, whether well or not. "This does not help. Islamic state used as propaganda." He also said that the mediator Abu Risha, one of the leaders who fought against al-Qaeda has lost influence since then. "It is no longer respected., And we are talking about the new leadership of the tribes in Anbar as a whole."
Frequency and also that the United States is seeking to gain Sheikh Ali Hatem Suleiman, a leader of the Sunni uprising on the Shiite-led government in the war against the Islamic state.
His brother, Abdul-Razzaq told Reuters that Suleiman, who left Anbar at the end of April, met with representatives of the United States to discuss the formation of the next government. It was not possible to make sure these talks or find out what happened there.
Washington also conducting talks with Gulf Arab allies in order to expand the training of anti-Syrian opposition fighters of the Islamic state, armed and organized so as to hit from both sides.
Is that the weapons handed over to the Free Syrian Army, backed by the West, were stolen and sold in some cases of the Islamic state, which highlights the financing issues Sunni militants in Syria.
To avoid this in Iraq, said a senior official at the State Department that the American government is working closely with al-Abadi to create a "national guard" represents a government-run institution with Sunni militants and go a long way in meeting the key requirement for the year the withdrawal of the army from their provinces.
The proposal put forward Abadi National Guard as a way to accommodate Shiite militias and Shiite volunteers who are fighting on the basis of doctrinal under the chain of command and follow the state since the fall of Mosul in June. Being prepared and evaluated to determine the size of the National Guard force is required and places of deployment of these forces and the type of guarantees the examination and the necessary training.
The head of the Iraqi Council of Representatives Saleem al-Jubouri told Reuters in an interview this week that the National Guard would allow the provinces to be responsible for their safety.
But the second source in the ranks of the insurgency expressed fears that allows dual track of the National Guard - which includes the integration of the Shiite militias - the Shiites approached the Sunni areas, although he said that the Islamic Army and other officials were told that they are in favor of freezing air strikes on residential areas.
In reference to the American forces source said: "I told them that this is a good step but the government should continue to work on the amnesty law ... and the distinction between Daash and resistance groups that fought the occupier," using the acronym is common to organize the Islamic state is derived from the name the ancient Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.
He said, "Give me an excuse .. so I can return to bases and my disciples and tell them that these people are serious about finding solutions., And this is what we expect."
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