15:57 - 2023-06-17
The Chinese Ambassador to Iraq Cui Wei affirmed that China and Iraq have a deep traditional friendship, and Iraq is one of the first Arab countries to establish diplomatic relations with the new China, and it is also an important partner for China in cooperation in building the "Belt and Road" in West Asia and North Africa, stressing However, President Mam Jalal devoted his life to strengthening Iraqi-Chinese relations, and the Chinese Communist Party has a deep friendship with the National Union.
The Chinese Ambassador to Iraq, Cui Wei, said during his participation in the program (Iraqi Affairs) that is broadcast on (Al-Masra) channel: "In 2015, the strategic partnership relations between the two countries were established, and since then, mutual political trust has been continuously strengthened, and practical cooperation between them has achieved achievements." Notable in various fields.In December 2022, Chinese President Xi Jinping, during his attendance at the first Chinese-Arab summit, met with the Iraqi Prime Minister Muhammad Shia’a of Sudan, where the leaderships of the two countries reached an important consensus on ways to deepen communication and friendly cooperation between the two countries in various fields. Provide strong strategic leadership for bilateral relations."
The Chinese ambassador added, "This year marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Iraq, and the Chinese side is ready to work with the Iraqi side to seize this occasion in order to implement the results of the first Chinese-Arab summit and to meet the leaders of the two countries, and to consolidate mutual cooperation and benefit in various fields." And expand it, and continue to push high-quality development for cooperation in building the "Belt and Road", which creates a brighter future for the strategic partnership relations between China and Iraq and between China and the Arab countries.
The first Iraqi president to visit China
On the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's relations with China and the role of President Mam Jalal in strengthening Iraqi-Chinese relations, the ambassador said: "The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan is one of the important political forces in Iraq, and its late president, Mam Jalal Talabani, was a famous Iraqi politician and he is the first Iraqi president to visit China since the establishment of diplomatic relations Between the two countries in 1958, he visited China three times in 1955, 2004 and 2007, he is an old and intimate friend of the Chinese people, "adding that Mam Jalal Talabani devoted his life to strengthening the Sino-Iraqi friendship and made positive contributions in this regard, all of which we appreciate.
" The NPC and the Chinese Communist Party have a deep friendship
He went on, "The Communist Party of China and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan have a deep traditional friendship, and recent years have witnessed heavy exchanges between them at various levels. In 2021, the President of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Pavel Jalal Talabani, extended warm congratulations on the centenary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. In February In 2023, the delegation of the Chinese Communist Party visited Iraq and met with President Pavel Jalal Talabani, stressing that the Chinese side is keen to make joint efforts with the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and other Iraqi parties, to further deepen partisan exchanges between the two countries, and to enhance communication and mutual benefit on governance and administration experiences, In a way that constantly enriches the foundations of the Sino-Iraqi strategic partnership relations.”
China is keen to work with Iraq
The ambassador stressed that "China and Iraq are good friends and dear partners. We are keen to work with the Iraqi side to implement the global development initiative, the global security initiative, and the global civilization initiative, in a way that provides new and greater contributions to promoting peace and development for humanity and pushing for the establishment of a community with a shared future for humanity."
The Sino-Iraqi framework agreement is one of the practical measures to support reconstruction in Iraq, and it can ease financing difficulties for the Iraqi side and contribute to consolidating strategic partnership relations between the two countries and push them to achieve integration of benefits, mutual benefit and common gain. In July 2021, this agreement officially entered into force, and there are Iraqi projects that have begun to benefit from it.
Iraq has an important influence in the Middle East
The ambassador said: "Iraq is a country that has an important influence in the Middle East, and China has always attached great importance to conducting practical cooperation with Iraq in all fields, and China is Iraq's largest trading partner and the largest buyer of its oil." He added, "In 2022, the volume of trade exchange between the two countries amounted to $53.37 billion, an annual increase of 43.1%, as the volume of China's imports from Iraq amounted to $39.38 billion, an annual increase of 47.8%, and the volume of China's exports to Iraq amounted to $13.99 billion, an annual increase of 31.3%. On the other hand, Iraq is considered the largest investment destination for China in the Arab region, because Iraq is a country rich in energy, so it is natural that the energy field has attracted a relatively larger amount of Chinese investments.
Strategic partnership relationships
Ambassador Wei stressed, "The Chinese side supports that all Iraqi parties strengthen unity and cooperation among them, and trusts that the Iraqi people have the wisdom and ability to deal with their problems, hoping that Iraq will achieve lasting security and safety, prosperity and development at an early date."
He said, "China and Iraq have strategic partnership relations, so it is natural that our relations with the Kurdistan Region of Iraq be an important part of these relations. The Chinese Communist Party maintains friendly relations with the two parties, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party, and other major parties in the region, adding that the Chinese side It is ready to continue cooperation with the Kurdistan Region in the fields of energy, tourism, communications, etc., and will continue to encourage sober Chinese companies to work and invest in the region, which contributes to the economic and social development of the region.
He explained, "The Chinese embassy is very interested in the exchange of individuals between China and Iraq, and is making great efforts to improve the completion of visa work. For some time, we have increased working hours and the number of reservations in the consular office, so the number of completed visa applications has increased dramatically." He said, "We welcome our Iraqi friends who wish to travel to China to follow our embassy's website and accounts on Facebook and others to view the current visa policy, application procedures and other relevant information."
"Cooperation in the cultural, humanitarian and educational fields is an important part of cooperation between China and Iraq in building the "Belt and Road", and the Chinese side provides a certain number of government scholarships to Iraq, including the Kurdistan Region, and we welcome more distinguished Iraqi students to request Chinese scholarships through channels Multiple and to study in China Students who wish to study in China can inquire at the Chinese Consulate General in Erbil. Says the Chinese ambassador to Iraq.
He stressed that "China annually provides Iraq with bilateral and multilateral training courses and opportunities for academic education covering the fields of information and communication, science and technology, law, education, clean energy, poverty reduction, medical care, combating desertification and others, aimed at preparing high-level and multidisciplinary talents for the side." In the past year, 275 Iraqis participated in 84 training courses, and 16 Iraqi students enrolled in Chinese universities and institutes despite the relative strictness of preventive measures in China.
China is actively promoting international anti-corruption cooperation
The Chinese ambassador said: "The Chinese government has taken a clear stance against corruption, and from 2012 to 2022, Operation Skynet returned 10,668 fugitives and recovered 44.79 billion Chinese yuan, and 61 wanted persons on the Red Notice list of 100 wanted fugitives were brought to justice." , The number of new corrupt fugitives has decreased significantly.China is also actively promoting international anti-corruption cooperation, participating in the reform and building of the international anti-corruption governance system, and put forward the "4-point vision" of international anti-corruption cooperation during the anti-corruption meeting of the UN General Assembly The United Nations, the Beijing Fair Silk Road Initiative and the G20 High-level Principles on Returning Corrupt Fugitives and Recovering Stolen Assets, all of which have been fully supported by the Chinese people and widely appreciated by the international community.The Chinese side is keen to enhance communication and cooperation with Iraq and other developing countries and partners of the Belt and Road Initiative in the field of combating corruption.
Exchange of experiences on combating desertification
On the problem of desertification in the world, Ambassador Cui Wei said: "China attaches great importance to combating desertification, and has made remarkable achievements after years of hard work. We are ready to conduct communication, cooperation and exchange of experiences with Iraq and other Arab countries on combating desertification, and support the development and economic transformation of Iraq.
More than 100 countries support the Global Development Initiative
In the past three years, from 2021 to 2023, Chinese President Xi Jinping put forward the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative and the Global Civilization Initiative respectively.
On this, the ambassador says, "The global development initiative aims to build a community of common development for the world, calling on the international community to adhere to the priority of development, adhere to putting the people in the first place, adhering to benefit for all, tolerance, adhering to innovation-driven development, adhering to harmonious coexistence between man and nature, and adhering to the focus on work, from In order to accelerate the implementation of the United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development for the year 2030, more than 100 countries and many international organizations, including the United Nations, have expressed their support for the global development initiative.
He pointed out that "the global security initiative affirms adherence to the concept of joint, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, adherence to respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, non-interference in the affairs of other states, adherence to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, refraining from practicing the policy of blocs or confrontation between camps, and adherence to interest in security concerns." legitimate for all countries, adhering to finding peaceful solutions to differences and conflicts between states through dialogue and consultation, adhering to protecting security in traditional and non-traditional fields, and working together to confront regional conflicts and global issues such as terrorism and climate change, and that this initiative presents a Chinese project to solve global security dilemmas and eliminate the international security deficit and the promotion of the common security of mankind.
In February of this year, the Chinese side issued the concept paper for the Global Security Initiative, which identified 20 priority areas for cooperation in addressing the most important and urgent international security concerns, and put forward proposals and visions on the platform and mechanism for cooperation within the framework of the initiative. More than 80 countries and international organizations have expressed their appreciation and support for the Global Security Initiative.
Cui Wei says: "The Global Civilization Initiative calls on the international community to jointly call for respect for the diversity of civilizations, to stir up the common values of mankind, to pay attention to the inheritance and creativity of civilizations, and to promote international communication and cooperation in the human and cultural field, which is another important public benefit that China provides to the international community after the Global Development Initiative and the Security Initiative." Global, and this initiative focuses on strengthening mutual benefit between civilizations and the progress of human civilization, and injects strong positive energy into advancing the modernization process of human society and establishing a community with a common future for humanity.
Global development initiatives, global security and global civilization
The successful mediation to restore relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran is an important Chinese diplomatic practice in implementing the global security initiative in the Middle East, which demonstrates China's responsibility as a major country in promoting progress for mankind and seeking harmony for the world, and offers great positive influence to the turbulent world.
In this regard, the Chinese ambassador to Iraq says: “China and the countries of the Middle East are good friends and dear partners, as mutual political trust between them is consolidated, cooperation in building the “Belt and Road” achieves fruitful results, and civilizational exchanges and mutual benefits multiply. In December 2022, the Chinese summit was held. The first Arab success, where China and the Arab countries agreed to work with all efforts to build the Arab-Chinese community for a common future towards the new era, and to raise the Sino-Arab strategic partnership relations based on comprehensive cooperation and joint development for a better future to a new level.
He explained: "For a long time, China has been seeking to advance the political settlement of hot issues in the region and to promote stability and development in the Middle East. Over the past years, it has proposed a 5-point initiative on enhancing security and stability in the Middle East, a 4-point vision for resolving the Syrian issue, and 3-point ideas." To implement the "two-state solution", and calls for the establishment of a multilateral platform for dialogue on the security of the Gulf region, and pushes for the establishment of a joint, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security system in the Middle East, and all these efforts were welcomed and affirmed by the countries of the Middle East.
He went on to say, "In the future, China will continue to respect the status of Middle Eastern countries as 'masters of the region', support their strategic independence, strengthen unity and coordination among them, oppose external interference in their internal affairs, and be a force that supports reconciliation, peace and harmony in the Middle East. China is also It will work with the countries of the Middle East to implement the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative, and the Global Civilization Initiative, and to promote security, stability, development, prosperity, tolerance, and harmony in the Middle East.
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