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Shafaq News/ Specialists stress the need for the Iraqi family to organize its offspring to the extent that can be controlled, and not to leave things on the loose, which leads to social, economic and other problems. This comes in light of the Iraqi population exceeding 43 million people, half of whom are of marriageable and childbearing age, according to the Ministry. Iraqi planning.
Increased population growth
Ministry spokesman, Abdul-Zahra Al-Hindawi, says, “The annual increase in the population in Iraq reaches more than one million people, but despite this, it is considered normal in light of the population size, and is not considered a population explosion.”
Speaking to Shafaq News Agency, Al-Hindawi pointed out, “Fertility rates and annual growth rates have declined in recent decades, as in 2011 and 2012 they were more than 3 percent, but now they have declined to 2.5 percent.”
He added, "But despite the decline in the population growth rate, there are still steady population increases, which are cumulative, while the southern governorates are witnessing a slight increase in fertility rates compared to the rest of the other governorates."
To address these population increases, Al-Hindawi explains, “The Ministry of Planning is not thinking about legislating birth control laws as much as developing a strategy and policies for family planning, by absorbing this population increase and transforming it from development burdens into effective development engines.”
He continues: "This was stated in the national population policy document launched by the Ministry of Planning this year," stressing that "family planning ensures the achievement of a state of population stability and a decline in growth rates."
For her part, women and children’s rights activist, Anam Al-Hamdani, believes that “there is a necessity for birth control, especially for those with limited income and those living in slums who are not economically empowered.”
During her talk to Shafaq News Agency, Al-Hamdani pointed out that “affluent and wealthy families have begun to reduce birth rates in light of the economic and social conditions that the country is going through.”
Deficit in absorption requirements
In turn, the economic expert, Abdul Rahman Al-Sheikhli, says, “Population growth in Iraq amounts to one million and 200 thousand people annually, and the population is expected to reach 50 million people during the year 2030.”
Al-Sheikhli confirms to Shafaq News Agency, “This increase requires the provision of services in many fields, including education, health, water, electricity, centers for child and youth care, women’s empowerment, and other concerns, which requires setting a ground for this population growth.”
Religious birth control
The seminary professor, Farhan Al-Saadi, explains that “birth control is the responsibility of the family in ways that do not violate Islamic law. For example, a woman has the right to limit childbearing if she is sick,” stressing during his talk to Shafaq News Agency, “As for the government, it is not permissible to To determine birth legally.”
In the same context, Mr. Wamid Al-Ghuraifi says, “In Islamic law, it is desirable to increase birth, and the government system in Iraq is not (guardian of a jurist) as in Iran, so that the government issues legal rulings to control birth.”
Al-Ghuraifi explained to Shafaq News Agency, “If the government decides to issue a birth control law to regulate the conditions of the country and its people, and the religious authority issues a fatwa that this law does not violate the Sharia provisions and the government’s laws must be applied, then it must be adhered to, despite its restriction of personal freedom.”
He points out that "in Islamic law, a woman is not obligated to have children, nor is she obligated to take birth control pills or vice versa, even if her husband requests that. Rather, the matter is left to the agreement between the husband and wife."
He warns, “The danger of having too many children lies if the father is unable to carry out his duties in terms of education and other things, which creates an increase in begging, poverty, ignorance, and perhaps social and economic problems. Therefore, the matter is up to the father and mother based on their intellectual, physical, and financial ability.”
At the conclusion of his speech, he points out that “life in previous times may have differed from the present time and the complexities of society, so perhaps the current situation is more difficult, which requires the guardian (father or mother) to think carefully before giving birth, and not leave things wide open.”
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