“Despite the rejection”.. COP 28: Reducing “oil” consumption for 27 years
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Shafaq News/ The new draft of the final agreement of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28), published by the UAE presidency of the conference, today, Monday, called for “reducing the consumption and production of fossil fuels,” which are responsible for the bulk of polluting emissions that cause global warming, for the next 27 years, while last year From the word "dispense with it", while the "last" text sparked criticism from some participating countries.
The text specifically calls for “reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and their consumption at the same time in a fair, orderly and equitable manner, in a way that allows achieving net zero (carbon neutrality) from now until the year 2050 and before that, based on what science recommends.”
But it did not use the word "cutting out" oil, gas or coal, which are sources of greenhouse gases.
The Climate Action Network expressed regret over the final draft agreement, noting that it does not call for "abandoning" fossil fuels.
Harjit Singh, head of global political strategy at the network, which includes more than a thousand non-governmental organizations and participates in the conference’s work as an observer, said that the latest text “represents a significant decline compared to previous versions.” "Surprisingly, it no longer includes explicit language on phasing out fossil fuels," he added.
Cedric Schuster, Minister of the Environment of Samoa, the current president of the Alliance of Island States, on Monday denounced the text as “completely insufficient,” commenting on the draft agreement of the United Nations Climate Conference (COP28).
"Our voices are not being heard while several other parties appear to have benefited from preferential treatment, which has undermined the transparency and inclusiveness of the process," Schuster told reporters. The new draft of the conference's final agreement calls for "reducing the consumption and production of fossil fuels," but it does not use the word "eliminating" oil, gas, or coal, which are sources of greenhouse gases.
The last hours of the climate conference witnessed widespread disagreements over the future of fossil fuels after Saudi Arabia, Iraq and their oil-exporting allies adhered to the position of refusing to include the issue of reducing or abandoning the use of fossil fuels in the final agreement of the United Nations Climate Conference (COP28) held in Dubai.
The petro-states faced unprecedented pressure in the history of climate conferences from other countries participating in the talks and demanding an end to the era of fossil fuels, even if the timetable and pace related to this “reduction” or “abandonment” are still undetermined.
Emirati COP28 President Sultan Al Jaber stressed in a press conference on Sunday that “failure is not an option,” before the ministers present at the conference met in a “council” according to Emirati tradition, to discuss the issues at hand on an equal footing.
Al-Jaber, who also serves as Chairman of the giant Emirati oil company ADNOC, had asked them to come with “solutions” instead of “positions,” as he reiterated that he wanted the conference to end with a “historic agreement” on December 12, consistent with “science.” "Climate and maintaining the Paris Agreement goal of limiting climate warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Saudi representative responded to Al-Jaber, calling on the 194 participating countries, in addition to the European Union, to take into account Riyadh’s “views and concerns,” stressing the need to address the issue of emissions by developing technological solutions to capture carbon, which experts confirm are controversial.
In this context, Iraqi Environment Minister Jassim Abdulaziz Hammadi considered in the same session that “the gradual reduction or gradual elimination of fossil fuels... will cause turmoil in the global economy and increase inequalities in the world.”
The participants, whether they belong to non-governmental organizations or are state delegates, believe that the agreement has never been closer to marking the beginning of the end of oil, gas and coal, the emissions resulting from the burning of which since the nineteenth century are largely responsible for the global warming we are witnessing today.
During Sunday's session, ministers, one after another, expressed their support for abandoning fossil fuels.