British newspaper: Iraq faces the specter of state failure and division in the centenary Sykes-Picot
Now , with the intensification of the popular frenzy against the corrupt political class is efficient, however intensify Daash to Tvjerath in Baghdad , which aims to re - ignite sectarian warfare, the future Abadi at stake, as well as Iraq as a united future.
in the thirtieth of April, arrived impatience popular - of the political elite that serve their own interests deficit toprovide basic services such as electricity, water and security - to its limits, where stormed hundreds ofprotesters Iraqi parliament building in the heavily fortified green Zone - the cocoon which is home to politicians and diplomats. it
was an expression of the anger of the people from their leaders alleged either Shiites or Sunnis or Kurds. This frenzy came after parliament thwarted attempt Abadi to form a government of technocrats not affiliated toany party experts in charge of financial functions and services , and the Ministry of Oil.
The Nuri al - Maliki - who caused dismay Sunnis and Kurds , who was supposed to participate in power after the departure of US forces in 2011 - and his the Dawa Party , were among those who obstructed the efforts of the Prime Minister in the reunification of Iraq and pushed him forward.
the protests - which spread from the capital to the cities of the south - led by Muqtada al - Sadr , who fought the US occupation since 2004. today the chest appears as a patriot Iraqis outside the sectarian spoils system known locally quota system which is located in the heart of a failed state based on the plunder of resources than on power - sharing.
these protests are not just limit the political elite but are also challenging the extremists Daash who fed on thestate 's failure to strengthen the succession of cross-border between Iraq and Syria, and protests come at atime amassing a Baghdad energies - with support from the United States and Iran - to regain territory from Daash.
wonder , then, that climbs Daash of bloody attacks against civilians, where it appears that the extremists aretrying to transform the collapse of Iraq into sectarian carnage as happened ten years ago , when the al -Qaida bombing of the shrines Askariyya in Samarra.
make Abadi great efforts to restructure the national consensus, but the damage caused by the persecution ofal - Maliki for the year and refusing to work with the Kurds - and that caused the door to open Daash - too big for the state of being discharged and eat them from the inside. Try to citizens in the past to revive their institutions; voters have defied the 2010 bombings to overthrow more than two - thirds of the members ofParliament, but to no avail.
In the centenary of the Sykes-Picot Agreement - which severed limbs of the Ottoman Empire, which would have been the gathering disparate elements of Mesopotamia the Iraqi national state - Iraq faces a phantom double; state failure and division.
the Sykes - Picot agreement of 1916, signed an agreement and a secret understanding between France and the United Kingdom ratification of the Russian Empire on the sharing of the Fertile Crescent , a basin of theTigris and Euphrates rivers , and coastal part of the Levant between France and Britain to determine thespheres of influence in west Asia after pummeling the Ottoman Empire, dominating this region, in the first world war.