Reform Front, want to amend the constitution away from the "quota system" after failing to dismiss the presidency of parliament
BAGHDAD / Wael blessing
It is not the first time that Parliament confirms its intention to amend the Constitution, who wrote theconditions of a complex in 2005, and received the support of 80 % of the Iraqis.
but the Kurdish parties to describe the re - file constitutional amendments as "political posturing", and stressed the impossibility of skipping the components in such a delicate task.
the failure of the House of Representatives for 11 years to make binding adjustments under the Constitution itself. Article 142 of the Iraqi Constitution states that "Parliament constitute the beginning of the work of acommittee of its members representing the components of the main Iraqi society whose mission is to report to Parliament within a period not exceeding four months, includes a recommendation for the necessary amendments that can be made to the Constitution and solve Committee after deciding on the proposals. "
the shape of the parliament in its first session between 2005-2009 a committee to study constitutional amendments , headed by Vice President of the current parliament Hamoudi and membership of the 29 deputies representing all components. The Commission made in May 2007 , the list of proposed amendments, but did not find its way to implementation so far.
In accordance with Article 142 of the Constitution, the amendment proposals prepared by the committee incharge of constitutional amendments, submitted to the House of Representatives in a regular session for avote not be approved without the consent of absolute majority or half the number of parliament.
emerged Article 140 as one of the fundamental points of disagreement that have hindered pass constitutional amendments, a special material to normalize the situation in Kirkuk and disputed areas between the federal government and the Kurdistan region. It is the constitutional provisions aborted amendments, is Article (115) of the powers of the federal government and local governments in the provinces and territories, as well as items relating to the powers of the president, as well as articles on the distribution of oil wealth, as well as Article 41 pertaining to personal status laws.
And rejects Kurdish side to make any amendments to the articles (140) and (115), which adheres to theShiite blocs powers granted to the Prime Minister and opposed the expansion of powers of the President.
Constitution without quotas!
returned parliament earlier this week to open the constitutional amendments file in response to a request by 78 MPs for more than a year. Most of these MPs belong now to the front of reform.
He called on Parliament Speaker Salim al - Jubouri, on Sunday, blocs and personalities representative to submit candidates for the formation of a committee the new amendment.
And gave al - Jubouri and parliamentary figures a maximum period of one week, to nominate names for theformation of a committee to amend the constitution, to be then display names for a vote by the Council.
the parliament may form in 2014 a committee of deputies from different blocks according to a document thepolitical agreement prior to forming a government Haider al - Abadi for the adoption of sound to revisit theConstitution mechanisms, and then stopped on the background of the reforms launched by Prime Minister packages.
but Mohammed Chihod, a member of the reform front, attribute the repeated attempts failed to amend theConstitution to "quotas," which he considers " the basis of the country 's problems."
confirms Chihod, in connection with the (range) that " the front is the idea of forming a committee to amend the constitution," adding , " I will not pay attention this time to Altaschin and will pass the amendments, because the front has a majority in parliament. "
rejects Chihod any talk of consensus with the political blocs or with any party to amend the constitution, stressing saying" all disasters Iraq because of the consensus. "
outbidding reform front
and yet does not have an agreement on the number of members of the Commission modified the new constitution or guarantees of non - remodeled according to "quotas , " he does not have Chihod confirms thelack of "partisan" or "sectarian" adoption in the selection of candidates.
but Arafat Karam, a member of the Democratic bloc of Kurdistan and a candidate for membership of theCommittee to amend the constitution, says "certainly there are going to be taking into account the balance ofcomponents within the Commission."
describes Karam, said in an interview with the (range), the words of the reform front as unrealistic, noting said , "can not change the spine in Iraq, and I mean the constitution, without taking the opinion of all thecomponents of the people."
he said Kurdish lawmaker said , "put a constitutional amendment at this time is outbidding the reform front."He said with amazement , "Anharrat national reconciliation and still Daash exists, and we get caught up by the constitution voted by the Iraqis unanimously!". And finds the generosity that the House "to Aarai priority in solving problems , " denying the existence of an agreement on items that require modification.
Terms bloc al - Hakim , in
turn , says spokesman bloc citizen MP Habib Terminal that " the time is now right to amend the Constitution but only to be thought out carefully."
he warned Terminal, in connection with the (range), that "are dealing with the amendment of the Constitution was also with reforms reactive policy."
a member of the Hakim said the coalition "strongly parliament will monitor the work of the Commission toamend the constitution and will not accept any behavior is calculated in this matter." He stressed Terminal on " the need to involve all political forces and civil society organizations and public opinion in the amendment" .oroy mass citizen member of the "Committee for amending the Constitution will benefit from the work of theCommission Hamoudi earlier."
Would not include commission modified the new constitution, according to the reform front, any political or legal personality from outside the parliament.