Who caused the extermination of the Aztec people 500 years ago?
18/2/2018 12:00 am
[rtl]15 million people have been killed in five years
AFP - Translation: Linda Ador
In five years, more than 15 million people, about 80 percent of the Aztec population, died when an epidemic called the Kokolizetli, a pandemic in the Aztec language of Aztec, Approximately 500 years.
Black Death This
was the disaster that afflicted the Aztecs of Mexico in 1545 when the symptoms of severe fever began to appear on the population and headaches accompanied by bleeding from the eyes, mouth and nose, ending in death within three to four days. Scientists have recently ruled out smallpox, measles, mumps and flu from causes; such as epidemics that may have infected the Aztecs after they identified a "intestinal fever" similar to that caused by typhoid, which they found in DNA when they examined the teeth of a group of
"The Kokolizetli epidemic that erupted between 1545 and 1550 was one of several epidemics that swept Mexico after the arrival of the Europeans, but it was the second of the three most destructive epidemics, which led to the biggest loss," says Achilde Wagin of the University of Tübingen in Germany. "The cause of the epidemic has been the subject of historians' research for over a century, and today we have been able to provide direct evidence by examining DNA to solve a long-standing historical issue."
In a recent paper, one of the participants, Vagin, said the epidemic was one of the most deadly epidemics in human history, approaching the plague or the so-called "black death" that killed some 25 million people in Western Europe During the fourteenth century, nearly half the population of the region.
When they arrived in the New World, the European colonists moved and introduced germs that indigenous people had never known, as well as their lack of immunity against them.
Kucelizetli has spread in what is now known as Mexico and part of Guatemala, just two decades after the outbreak of smallpox, which spread directly after the arrival of Spaniards there, which caused the deaths of five to eight million people. This was followed by a second outbreak of the disease between 1576 and 1578, in which the remaining half of the population was exterminated.
"Large trenches and digs were dug in the big cities and towns," said Fray Juan de Torquemada, a Franciscan historian. "The priests had nothing to do from sunrise to sunset except to transport the bodies of the dead and throw them into those pits."
Even after that period, experts said the symptoms did not match those associated with diseases known as measles
Scientists now say they may have uncovered the real culprit by analyzing the DNA extracted from 29 skeletal skeletons buried in the Cukoliztli cemetery, where they found traces of the Salmonella intestinal bacteria of the Para Tevi C, known to cause gastrointestinal fever as an example However, this subtype, rarely causes human infections such as those that hit Mexico.
Many Salmonella strains are spread through food and contaminated water, and may have reached Mexico through pets brought by the Spaniards with them, where intestinal salmonella bacteria have been found in Europe since the Middle Ages. "We tested and tested all the pathogenic bacteria and DNA viruses that have genetic data," said Alexander Herbig of the University of Tübingen. "Intestinal salmonella was found to be the only germ that was discovered. However, genetic experts speculate that some pathogens have not been discovered or are not known at all. "We can not be sure that intestinal salmonella was the cause of a colloidal disease," says Kirsten Bose, a member of the research team. As a strong candidate to cause the disaster of annihilation of the entire Aztec people. " The British Guardian[/rtl]