Mesopotamia suffers from desertification, shrinking agricultural areas and scarcity of rainwater[size]
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Saturday 25 June 2022 23:38
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Iraqi youths swim in the waters of the Euphrates River in the face of the heat in the city of Najaf, on June 24 (Reuters)[/size]
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] is considered the most affected by climatic changes from the countries of the region, as it has greatly affected the Iraqi atmosphere, and the country is experiencing [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] that has led to the disappearance of some rivers due to the lack of rain water and the shrinking of agricultural areas.
big environmental challenges
The Minister of Environment, Jassem Al-Falahi, considered that "Iraq is more affected by climate changes than the countries of the region," revealing that they are seeking to hold a meeting of these parties in Baghdad to discuss facing challenges, the most important of which is sharing the damage in terms [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] . He spoke about "forming a national committee to implement the Mesopotamian Revitalization Initiative, including the establishment of afforestation projects and the preservation of biodiversity and natural reserves."
He said in a press statement that "Iraq suffers from great environmental challenges, and that climate change, drought, decline in water shares, land degradation, desertification, dust storms, future oil policy, the Paris Agreement and renewable energies are among the most prominent of those challenges." He explained that "the ministry participated in a previous meeting of the Council of Ministers, in which it presented a vision on environmental challenges, especially the issues of dust storms, drought and desertification."
Al-Falahi stressed that "the meetings discussed challenges, most notably economic diversification and lack of dependence on fuel and crude oil for energy and economy," noting that "the meeting with the President of the Republic was qualitative in the climate action process as it reinforced the so-called 'social responsibility', in the face of climate challenges," noting that That "the global slogan is: We own one land, as one of the important issues and carries a message that we as government, citizens and civil society organizations support efforts to promote climate action in Iraq and face challenges." He continued, "The Ministry of Environment, since its establishment in 2003, has been the main supporter of international efforts by United Nations organizations and the international community."
He believed that "the whole world was affected by climatic changes and Iraq was the most affected, and it is one of the five most affected countries in the world, affected by water scarcity, drought, desertification and shrinking agricultural areas, in addition to the great pressure resulting from high temperatures and energy demand."
He explained that "Iraq has started practical plans to implement climate action, after we had earlier developed a plan represented in the national contribution approved by the Council of Ministers."
Al-Falahi affirmed that "the whole world has started implementing plans to confront the effects of climate change, and that the role of the United Nations and relevant international organizations has supported Iraq in implementing these plans with the so-called 'national plans to adapt to climate change'."
He stated that "this requires the establishment of projects that deal with climate change, including the Mesopotamian Revitalization Initiative submitted by the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, and approved by the Council of Ministers, whose Supreme Committee was chaired by Finance Minister Ali Abdul Amir Allawi, and I headed the technical side."
[rtl]And Al-Falahi added, "This plan includes special projects, including green Iraq, by establishing forests and afforestation throughout the country, preserving biodiversity and natural reserves, and addressing water scarcity by introducing the environmental axis and the issue of climate change as a new umbrella in negotiations with upstream countries."[/rtl]
He pointed out that "Iraq had previously put forward an initiative to hold a regional meeting for the countries of the region, as they are affected by climate changes, but to varying degrees, and we are the most affected."
He considered, "The issue of water scarcity and decreasing revenues is serious because it is related to the lives and health of Iraqis, and it is one of the factors that greatly affect water, food and national security and lead to the displacement of a large number of people." He added that "
Al-Falahi spoke about "the imminent holding of a meeting of climate envoys in the countries of the region in order to formulate a regional strategic vision to confront climate change."
The United Nations had previously classified Iraq among the 5 countries most affected by climate changes in the world, at a time when the country is facing a major water crisis, the continuation of dust storms, increasing rates of desertification, and government neglect of the two issues of afforestation and limiting the encroachment on agricultural lands.
In this context, the Central Bank of Iraq, in cooperation with the Ministries of Environment, Agriculture and Water Resources, the Association of Iraqi Private Banks and the private sector, organized a specialized workshop on climate change, desertification and national security. The Governor of the Central Bank of Iraq, Mustafa Ghaleb, said during a speech at the opening of the workshop, "Climate change, desertification and water shortage represent a frightening trinity that has introduced humanity and its official and societal bodies to the utmost caution and caution because it threatens its national security and the future of its generations, and even its present." He added that "the Central Bank of Iraq has intervened through financial facilitation measures and development initiatives totaling more than 17 trillion dinars so far," noting that "when we studied with the Ministry of Environment the risks of climate change and thermal emissions, we decided to face challenges related to clean energy and sustainability, and we also launched an initiative to finance Purchasing electricity generating units from renewable energy at an amount of one trillion dinars.
At the conclusion of the workshop, a number of recommendations were established, most notably the need for cooperation of all government institutions and the private sector to confront the risks of climate change and desertification, raise awareness of taking official and societal measures, encourage the public to switch to using sources of electricity generation from renewable energy, and provide the necessary financial support to all sectoral ministries. In order to rationalize water uses.
As for the economic researcher, Saleh Lafta, he stressed that "climate and environmental changes in Iraq do not depend on environmental investment only. External factors have greatly damaged Iraq's environment, and major companies will not be able to stop their effects." He reviewed the gesture of external factors by saying that "including the drying of rivers due to the reduction of water releases in the Tigris and Euphrates from neighboring countries, which led to environmental disasters in its villages, as well as wars and the sabotage and deliberate bulldozing of orchards and the planting of vast lands with mines and remnants of war and the drying of the marshes and what resulted from that. Of killing the natural life and displacing the people of those areas.
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