[ltr]2020.08.24 - 11:33[/ltr]
Baghdad - People [size=16][size=16]1[/size][/size]
"Al-Mada" Al-Baghdadia newspaper says, in a report by "Nass", that "the United Nations entered into the crisis line, through its mission in Baghdad, proposing to the political blocs a new mechanism for the distribution of multiple electoral districts, which it called moderation, which takes into account societal and component diversity."
The newspaper added that, "In addition to this international proposal, four new proposals were also presented by influential political blocs and parties that are being studied in the meetings and meetings between the three presidencies and the heads of blocs and parties, including the abolition of multiple constituencies, including what was suggested that each governorate should be three electoral districts, or Five electoral districts. "
And she continued, "In parallel, there is a trend within the House of Representatives supported by 120 deputies to withdraw the parliamentary election law and make a series of amendments to it, including multiple electoral districts and other articles and paragraphs that are not consistent with the ambitions of the blocs."
Amer Al-Fayez, an independent deputy in the House of Representatives, says that "the political blocs are still not in agreement to adopt a specific and appropriate mechanism for the distribution of electoral districts," explaining that "meetings are continuing between these parties and trying to reach a unified consensus formula before resuming the parliamentary sessions."
Al-Fayez points out in his speech that "there are more than four proposals that are being discussed in the meetings of the political parties to resolve the file of distributing electoral districts and issuing their own annexes."
He continued, "The first proposal pushes the division of each governorate into three electoral districts according to the population percentage, and the second demands that each governorate be made up of five electoral districts, and the third proposes the distribution of electoral districts according to the number of districts, and the fourth and last proposes that for every 100,000 people there should be one electoral district." .
The newspaper pointed out that "the existing differences are confined to the parliamentary blocs and parties in the content of Article 15 of the Parliamentary Elections Law, which stipulates that the nomination is 100% individual, and that each district is counted, in addition to the victory of the candidate with the highest votes.
The content of this controversial article requires the House of Representatives to issue special annexes that are attached to the Parliamentary Elections Law explaining the mechanism for distributing multiple electoral districts, which requires a population census to know the souls of each district.
The deputy from Basra Governorate added, saying, "The distribution of multiple constituencies on the basis of the districts has created a big problem between the different components (Arabs, Kurds, Turkmen) in the disputed areas over how to integrate districts with a population of less than one hundred thousand people. Will they be merged with the district that To her right or her left? The new electoral law divided the governorates into electoral districts on the basis of districts (cities), and for every 100,000 inhabitants in those cities a parliamentary seat, and in the event that the district’s population was less than 100,000, it would be merged with a neighboring district to avoid this problem.
The MP wonders that "the Arab judiciary in the disputed areas whose population is less than one hundred thousand people will it merge with the Kurdish judiciary on its right or with the Turkmen judiciary on its left?" Its population is less than a hundred thousand. "
Among the technical problems facing the completion of the electoral law are those related to the issue of (41) districts not registered with the Ministry of Planning, as well as the existence of 80 overlapping districts, as well as the women's quota as votes cannot be counted at the level of the district with a population of one hundred thousand (... ) Will it be for a woman or for a man.
Al-Fayez notes that "the two proposals to divide the governorate into three or five electoral districts are among those adopting the large political blocs through which they are trying to contain their votes and their audience, and to ensure that their seats remain in the next parliament," expecting that "there is insistence from all political blocs to overcome this crisis after Resumption of the work of the House of Representatives. "
The spokesman for the Speaker of Parliament, Shaker Hamed, confirmed in a press statement that the election law is ready after the legal committee completes its observations on it, adding that “Parliament Speaker Muhammad al-Halbousi regularly holds meetings with the presidencies to discuss political and security developments and prepare for early elections.”
In turn, Yonadam Kanna, head of the Rafidain Parliamentary Bloc, explained that "there are two trends within the parliamentary blocs regarding the multi-constituencies. The first moves to collect (120) parliamentary signatures to withdraw the law and re-amend it, and the second proposes that electoral districts be mediating."
Kanna shows that "the United Nations proposed to the political blocs that there be eighty multiple (intermediate) constituencies for all Iraqi governorates that preserve through this distribution the rights of the components (ethnic, sectarian and tribal diversity)," indicating that "the distribution of the intermediate circles will be according to the population percentage of each Governorate, taking into account community diversity. "
He explains that "the United Nations proposal stipulates that there should be 80 electoral districts while there was a proposal in the House of Representatives that the number of electoral districts be 250 electoral districts, and there is another opinion that there should be 329 electoral districts," stressing that "these are just opinions and proposals that are not agreed upon." Between the blocks. "
It is likely that the deputy "depends on the political blocs on an option or the proposal of the United Nations with some amendments to it to solve the problem and complexity of multiple departments."
For her part, Bahar Mahmoud, a member of the Legal Committee in the House of Representatives, affirms that “her committee is waiting for the political blocs to reach an agreement to distribute the electoral districts,” noting that “the Parliamentary Legal Committee can, in one meeting, present the law to Parliament if the political forces agree among themselves on a mechanism. Specific to the distribution of circuits. "
Bahar added that "the differences between the three presidencies and the heads of political blocs over the distribution of electoral districts are not limited to being political only, but there are legal and technical differences which are represented in the difficulty of distributing the governorate to more than one electoral district without a population census."
She explains that "there are many districts whose borders are unclear and unknown, half of them in a governorate and the other half in another governorate," adding that "there are political differences through the attempt of each block to issue annexes according to its own interests."
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