By Aq -May 5, 201708
The Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres, expressed satisfaction with the agreement reached by Russia, Iran and Turkey regarding the establishment of safe zones in Syria aimed at establishing a ceasefire in some areas, according to his spokesman said.
Stephane Dujarric said in a statement, "It will be important to see this agreement actually improves the lives of the Syrians."
Russia signed and Iran Aldaamtan to the Syrian regime and Turkey's pro-opposition Thursday in Astana memorandum provides for the establishment of "de-escalation zones" in Syria, based on information provided by the Kremlin to strengthen the fragile cease-fire plan.
He said Russian President Vladimir Putin, said that those areas "will become a no-fly zones completely stopped the condition of any military action" in it.
According to Kazakh Foreign Minister Geert Abdurahmanov said that "the guarantor States agreed to sign a memorandum to establish a de-escalation in Syria areas."
He welcomed Guterres' commitment to put an end to the use of all weapons, especially air means "and pledging to deliver humanitarian assistance to the areas concerned, according to Dujarric.
Washington cautiously welcomed the Turkish Russian-Iranian agreement, as expressed the US State Department, which merely act as an observer in the Syrian peace negotiations in Astana Moscow's initiative, Tehran and Ankara, expressed hope Washington's contribution agreement to stop the violence, she stressed the concern about Iran's role in the agreement negotiations.
But stressed that Washington "appreciates" the truce made by the two countries Aldhamntan the other two, Russia and Turkey, pointing "with the hope to contribute to this arrangement in the ease of escalation and stop the suffering of the Syrian people and prepare the ground for a political solution to the conflict efforts."
He was quoted by Russian agencies on the text of the agreement of the guarantor States will take "necessary measures to complete the definition of maps of de-escalation and security areas by May 22 regions (May) 2017".
The valid status of these areas "6 months extendable" on what he said the special envoy of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Syria Alexander Avrntiev.
However, the UN envoy to Syria, Staffan de Mistura, who attended the talks, spoke about "studied the possibility of not specify the duration of the validity of the agreement in these areas," adding that the agreement "give way to preserve the unity of Syria."
The delegations of the government and the factions did not sign the Syrian opposition participation in Astana on the document.
But Damascus has announced support agreement spokesman head of delegation Bashar al-Jaafari, who thanked "the efforts of Kazakhstan, Russia and Iran in this important achievement, which will help open the door to a political solution", calling on Moscow and Tehran, according to the agency, "SANA", to "discuss Russian memo details with Damascus As soon as possible".
After the opposition delegation praised the conduct before the signing of the sponsor to "improve the humanitarian situation is difficult for civilians," raised Iran's participation in the signing of the document anger in the ranks, he left three of its members at least the hall in protest.
A spokesman for the opposition factions delegation Osama Abu Zaid: "We are not a party to it, is an agreement between the three countries, and certainly can not accept that Iran be a guarantor of the agreement."
The Russian plan announced during a telephone conversation between Putin and US counterpart Donald Trump.
The next day, during a meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Sochi, Putin's offer his plan aimed to "calm the biggest and the cessation of hostilities" in Syria, it follows the establishment of "zones of de-escalation", in a broad definition of a label that can approach the concept of the buffer zone, but without involving widespread intensive soldiers in order to ensure that the cease-fire.
A statement by the Turkish foreign minister, that these areas supposedly created on the "full Idlib province, and parts of the provinces of Latakia, Aleppo, Hama, Homs and Damascus (Eastern Ghouta), and a shield and Kenitra."
In detail, the final draft provides for the establishment of "security zones" on "de-escalation zones" interspersed with scrutiny barriers centers and joint monitoring of the elements of the Syrian army and opposition factions,
Also provides for the deployment of units "observers" military countries have not been identified.
Russian agencies reported that Moscow's readiness to send "observers," Putin said, "that these areas will become a no-fly zones completely stopped the condition of any military action in these areas."
Putin stressed that these areas should encourage action "political dialogue between the warring parties, and the political process must ultimately lead to the full restoration of the territorial integrity of the country."
The Russian president added that the fight against "terrorist organizations" such as organizing Daesh or front Fatah al-Sham, Al-Qaeda previously, will continue despite the possibility of the adoption of these safe areas.