[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Economy News - Baghdad
The severe water shortage and the absence of government support resulted in a significant reduction in the winter agricultural plan for Wasit Governorate, which is called the “food basket of Iraq” and its agricultural capital, reaching only 15% of the arable land.
In recent years, Iraq has suffered from a major water shortage, as the water issue has become a fundamental challenge in the semi-desert country, which has a population of about 43 million people. Baghdad has repeatedly held its neighbors Turkey and Iran responsible for reducing water levels due to the construction of dams on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The World Bank previously considered that the absence of any water policies may lead to Iraq losing 20% of its water resources by 2050, while Iraq announced earlier that Turkish water projects led to a reduction in its water share by 80%, while Ankara accuses Baghdad of wasting water. Large amounts of water.
Director of Wasit Agriculture, Arkan Mariyoush, said in statements reported by Rudaw Media Network, and seen by Al-Iqtisad News, that “the winter agricultural plan that was approved for Wasit Governorate amounts to 400 thousand dunums, for the cultivation of wheat, barley and vegetables, and it was distributed between 388 thousand dunums for wheat and 10 thousand dunums.” For barley and two thousand dunams for winter vegetables.”
Arkan Mariyoush explained that "the area was distributed throughout the governorate, which amounts to about 15% of the total arable agricultural land in Wasit," indicating that "the plan is very simple compared to the agricultural infrastructure in Wasit Governorate."
The director of Wasit Agriculture attributed the reduction of the agricultural plan to “lack of water, as we faced very difficulty in the first irrigation of the winter season,” noting that “the Ministry of Water Resources, when it approved this plan, did not secure it with the water to irrigate it, and its provision was only dependent on rain, and it was There was difficulty, but the recent rains helped the farmers with the first irrigation, and it was the first challenge the plan faced.”
It is noteworthy that the Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources in Iraq decided earlier to reduce the area allocated for agriculture, due to the lack of water revenues coming from Turkey and Iran, amid warnings that water scarcity threatens to collapse the food security of Iraqis.
“As a directorate of agriculture, we provided farmers who are part of the agricultural plan with seeds at a rate of 50 kilograms per dunum, and these seeds are 70% subsidized by the Iraqi government. We also distributed pesticides for both thin and broad bushes for free, and we distributed 46% of the agricultural plan, which are the quantities available to us.” “We have reached approximately 300,000 dunums in terms of first irrigation,” according to the director of Wasit Agriculture.
Arkan Mariyoush pointed out that “our farming season begins at the beginning of November and ends at the end of December, and the rest of the Al-Khader plan has been fully implemented,” adding that “the difficult circumstances that the country is going through in terms of agriculture have affected the farmers, as they are working hard.” To secure the requirements of their profession.
He added, "The state provided about 25% of the farmers' needs through the Ministry of Agriculture, but in the current season there was no support for fertilizers, and the farmer remained facing the high prices of commercial markets," indicating that "The Ministry of Agriculture is now distributing fertilizers, but at the commercial price, which adds burden." On farmers.
Iraq, which is rich in oil resources, is one of the five countries most vulnerable to climate change and desertification in the world, according to the United Nations, especially due to increasing drought with rising temperatures that exceed fifty degrees Celsius at one point in the summer.
The Iraqi government is constantly writing to both Tehran and Ankara to demand an increase in Iraq's water share from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but these two countries have not responded to Iraq's repeated requests in this regard.
Views 23Added 12/03/2023 - 8:43 PM[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]