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Economy News - translation
A recent report issued by the United Nations Office for Coordination warned of the catastrophic effects of the construction of the Makhoul Dam, which is currently being worked on between the governorates of Kirkuk and Salah al-Din, indicating that the negative effects may threaten the food security of the Iraqi state.
The report, titled "Migration, Environment and Climate Change in Iraq", translated by "Al-Iqtisad News" , stated that " the Makhoul dam is located between Kirkuk and Salah al-Din, and the government resumed work on it in 2021, which is expected to be completed within five years, with the aim of establishing a reservoir with a capacity of three Billions of cubic meters to address the water scarcity crisis in Iraq .
He added, "The project raises serious concerns about its feasibility and impact, as it is expected to disrupt the lives of about 118,412 individuals, because the dam basin includes 39 populated villages, which means that more than 150 square kilometers of inhabited villages will be flooded and 67 square kilometers of Agricultural land will be incorporated, and up to 61,000 head of livestock may be lost, raising food security concerns for the entire country.
The report warned of the flooding of more than 395 civilian facilities (schools, clinics, water and electricity stations, cemeteries, sports stadiums and cultural centers), depriving local communities of basic services such as health, electricity, drinking water, education and sanitation . Over the next five years, if the dam becomes operational at full capacity, burial sites and cemeteries will be flooded."
He pointed out that, "Since the start of work, there have been no attempts to assess the losses of civilian infrastructure, including health facilities, water, electricity, and schools, or the social and cultural losses that might result from this. Inventories related to families and communities did not appear in any plans at the governorate level, Nor was there a formal attempt to speak or engage with the communities."
"Farm workers and landowners see the dam as a serious threat to their livelihoods, which is particularly the case for the relatively large number of female-headed households , currently engaged in small-scale agriculture and with significant concerns about food in the future," the report noted. .
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