Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Join the forum, it's quick and easy

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.
Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Many Topics Including The Oldest Dinar Community. Copyright © 2006-2020


+6
Neno
duck2000
wciappetta
MsLynn77
day dreamer
rocky
10 posters

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    rocky
    rocky
    NNP TEAM
    NNP TEAM


    Posts : 236297
    Join date : 2012-12-21

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by rocky Mon 15 Sep 2014, 2:18 pm

    [ltr][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][/ltr]
    [ltr]- PUBLISHED IN 09/12/2014[/ltr]
    [ltr][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.][/ltr]
    [ltr][You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
    Receive experience siege spotlights the importance of foreign currency in the economic life of Iraq and go out the analysis below to the exchange rate in those years and published in the official documents, the lowest of the exchange rate in the parallel market, at the time. And the difficulty of accurate data on Iraq's foreign trade broken down by countries This analysis is based bilateral real exchange rate between Iraq and the United States. And as long as the exchange rate is known units of the Iraqi currency against the dollar also enters the general index of prices in Iraq than in the United States to calculate this indicator. It uses the bilateral real exchange rate, here, to measure the extent to stay away from purchasing power parity, which would check the real exchange rate remains constant. This index is the exchange rate of the dinar against the dollar any inverse reading accepted for exchange rate and the purchasing power of fixed units and is calculated by the following equation:
    / CPI USA) Re = (1 / E) (CPI Iraq
    Re where the real exchange rate of the dinar against the dollar, E the nominal exchange rate to the dollar in Iraqi dinars, CPI Iraq price index in Iraq, CPI USA price index in the United States. And that after the unification of the base year for the price indices in the two countries, and the real exchange rate of the base year prices. And the usual display on the real exchange rate at a record level of any real exchange rate relative to the base year: x100% (Re t / Re 0), where t denotes margins and 0 for the years and the comparison basis, respectively. And the table below provides the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar based on three years: 1988.1991,, 2007. . And as long as the real exchange rate expresses the international competitiveness of Iraq, the increase according to the deterioration of the ability of competitive, ie, whenever exceeded the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar level of purchasing power parity became a national production of goods and services tradable International is unable to compete with goods and services in foreign home and facing increasing difficulties in breaking into foreign markets. At the same time, the higher the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar has become the imports of goods and services relatively cheaper. That any rise in the real exchange rate weakens the productive investment activity in the home and thus the ability of the economy to create new jobs and these symptoms of Dutch disease. But, also, the consumer benefit from lower prices for goods and services imported and this is a tangible benefit immediately and directly and comprehensively to all individuals, while the fruits of investment activity affects the national economy and the total community and as a college and most of those fruits deferred. And therefore complicit individuals in their individual capacities and decision makers who seek to satisfy them to devote Dutch disease at the expense of the future of Iraq and Iraq generations and generations to come.
    At the time of the siege dinar dollar rose rapidly and accelerator, but on the other hand was inflation reduces the purchasing power of the dinar exchange rate of the dollar, and collected expressed the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar. And calculations show that we had dropped it when adopting the 1988 figures as a basis for the standard. And reached by a lower real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar, which in 1994 amounted to 39.7 percent of the level in 1988 and 62.18 percent from the level in 1991 and 8.92 percent from the 2007 level. Any that exchange between Iraq and the world in those years was much undervalues ​​Iraq, and at the same time increased the ability of Iraq's international price competitiveness. Iraq and did not benefit from this opportunity to establish the elements of national capacity in the independent technology and manufacturing. But there have been signs on the accumulation of skills in the management and organization of building and pays tribute to a great and high requirements and in other areas on a limited scale. And calculates the exchange rate in the parallel market, as it is, will the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar even lower, and what is being said or inferred about the impact of the exchange rate in the rest of the variables have the most with the parallel exchange rate.
    The decline in the real exchange rate days blockade represents an opportunity to compensate for the imports and exports of openness toward the atmosphere may Diatha siege itself and the extreme scarcity of foreign currency. Because of the severe scarcity of foreign currency has drawbacks, such as the development of abundance excess.Although the actual direct implementation of the oil for food program began in 1997, the optimistic expectations on the impact of the agreement between Iraq and the United Nations, in 1996 led to a reduction of the nominal exchange rate of foreign currency in that year a lot. And provided a glaring example of this decline on the role of expectations changing exchange rates of about 3000 dinars to the dollar to about 400 dinars to the dollar. Another issue and have profound implications in the understanding of the experience of the Iraqi economy and enrich the knowledge of the economic, but the movement is instant and commodity prices all behind the exchange rate. And Iraq has begun to gradually regain normal characteristics of the oil economy. And until 2003, Iraq did not retrieve the real exchange rate for the year 1988 and calculated on the basis of 2 dinars to the dollar, which is higher than the official exchange rate much. And noted that a lot of inflation reduce the real value of the dollar dinar, has become the nominal exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar in 1994, about 4.4 percent of what it was in 1988, but the real exchange rate, as above, 39.7 percent.
    In the experiment after the blockade is necessary to pay attention to the impact of inflation in raising the real exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar, and while the impact of inflation, from this angle, a positive time of the siege, the exaggeration in the exchange value of international real Iraqi dinar became negative in recent years due to inflation.I've moved the nominal exchange rate of the dollar against the dinar faster than the rate of inflation between 1988 and until 1995, and since 1996 accelerated the rate of inflation and did not exceed the rate of exchange until 1998 that reached him in 1995 because of the trauma positive for the Convention on the oil-for-food, and remained between 1999 and 2003 a close between 1930 and 1963 dinars to the dollar and fell later, as we shall see. Experience has shown the blockade compared to what then thread inflation and the exchange rate when the economy works under the under the balance of payments and the economy to be free from this constraint ever-correlation between inflation and the exchange rate. Therefore it seems that the exchange rate is the one who led inflation likely, the beginning of the siege, as stating the equation below, which linked the annual change in the index of consumer prices delcp with the annual change in the exchange rate (dinars to the dollar) delex and change the backward exchange rate delex-1 and time t. And if it can not prove the co-integration of the small sample, there remains any doubt as it may be a real regression. But tests in favor of safety. Private and that differences in order to avoid the problem of root mono and autocorrelation:
    delcp t = - 0.345 + 0.929 delex t + 0.209 delex-1 + 0.0435 t
           
    R-Sq = 98.8%; R-Sq (adj) = 98.3%; Durbin-Watson statistic = 2.03764
     
    And we include t tests for fixed and regression coefficients, respectively, from left to right 2.56-, 16.53, 3.83, and 3.27, which indicates that the estimates and moral significance levels: 0.04, 0.00, 0.01, 0.01, respectively, confirming its safety.
     
    The evolution of the exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar between 1988 and the end of the siege
    [/ltr]
    [ltr]Variables[/ltr]
    [ltr]Year[/ltr]
    [ltr]Price[/ltr]
    [ltr]Exchange[/ltr]
    [ltr]Dollar[/ltr]
    [ltr]Dinars[/ltr]
    [ltr]1[/ltr]
    [ltr]No.[/ltr]
    [ltr]The standard[/ltr]
    [ltr]Prices[/ltr]
    [ltr]Consumer[/ltr]
    [ltr]In[/ltr]
    [ltr]Iraq[/ltr]
    [ltr]2[/ltr]
    [ltr]No.[/ltr]
    [ltr]The standard[/ltr]
    [ltr]Prices[/ltr]
    [ltr]Consumer[/ltr]
    [ltr]In[/ltr]
    [ltr]States[/ltr]
    [ltr]United[/ltr]
    [ltr]American[/ltr]
    [ltr]3[/ltr]
    [ltr]Relative prices[/ltr]
    [ltr]A ratio of 2[/ltr]
    [ltr]3[/ltr]
    [ltr]Percent[/ltr]
    [ltr]4[/ltr]
    [ltr]Exchange rate[/ltr]
    [ltr]Real[/ltr]
    [ltr]Dinar[/ltr]
    [ltr]5[/ltr]
    [ltr]No.[/ltr]
    [ltr]The standard[/ltr]
    [ltr]Exchange rate[/ltr]
    [ltr]Real dinars[/ltr]
    [ltr]The base year[/ltr]
    [ltr]1988[/ltr]
    [ltr]6[/ltr]
    [ltr]No.[/ltr]
    [ltr]The standard[/ltr]
    [ltr]Price[/ltr]
    [ltr]Exchange[/ltr]
    [ltr]Real[/ltr]
    [ltr]Dinar[/ltr]
    [ltr]Year[/ltr]
    [ltr]Basis[/ltr]
    [ltr]2007[/ltr]
    [ltr]7[/ltr]
    [ltr]1988[/ltr][ltr]2[/ltr][ltr]21.6[/ltr][ltr]68.9[/ltr][ltr]31.35[/ltr][ltr]156.8[/ltr][ltr]100.0[/ltr][ltr]22.5[/ltr]
    [ltr]1991[/ltr][ltr]10[/ltr][ltr]100.0[/ltr][ltr]100.0[/ltr][ltr]1.00[/ltr][ltr]100.0[/ltr][ltr]63.8[/ltr][ltr]14.4[/ltr]
    [ltr]1992[/ltr][ltr]21[/ltr][ltr]183.3[/ltr]
    [ltr]103.0[/ltr][ltr]1.78[/ltr][ltr]84.7[/ltr][ltr]54.1[/ltr][ltr]12.2[/ltr]
    [ltr]1993[/ltr][ltr]74[/ltr][ltr]555.6[/ltr][ltr]106.1[/ltr][ltr]5.24[/ltr][ltr]70.8[/ltr][ltr]45.1[/ltr][ltr]10.2[/ltr]
    [ltr]1994[/ltr][ltr]458[/ltr][ltr]3100.0[/ltr][ltr]108.9[/ltr][ltr]28.48[/ltr][ltr]62.2[/ltr][ltr]39.7[/ltr][ltr]8.9[/ltr]
    [ltr]1995[/ltr]
    [ltr]1674[/ltr][ltr]14594.4[/ltr][ltr]111.9[/ltr][ltr]130.41[/ltr][ltr]77.9[/ltr][ltr]49.7[/ltr][ltr]11.2[/ltr]
    [ltr]1996[/ltr][ltr]1170[/ltr][ltr]12455.6[/ltr][ltr]115.2[/ltr][ltr]108.13[/ltr][ltr]92.4[/ltr][ltr]59.0[/ltr][ltr]13.3[/ltr]
    [ltr]1997[/ltr][ltr]1471[/ltr][ltr]15327.8[/ltr][ltr]117.9[/ltr][ltr]130.02[/ltr][ltr]88.4[/ltr][ltr]56.4[/ltr][ltr]12.7[/ltr]
    [ltr]1998[/ltr][ltr]1620[/ltr][ltr]17594.4[/ltr][ltr]119.7[/ltr][ltr]146.97[/ltr][ltr]90.7[/ltr][ltr]57.9[/ltr][ltr]13.0[/ltr]
    [ltr]1999[/ltr][ltr]1972[/ltr][ltr]19805.6[/ltr][ltr]122.3[/ltr][ltr]161.89[/ltr][ltr]82.1[/ltr][ltr]52.4[/ltr][ltr]11.8[/ltr]
    [ltr]2000[/ltr][ltr]1930[/ltr][ltr]20794.4[/ltr][ltr]126.5[/ltr][ltr]164.44[/ltr][ltr]85.2[/ltr][ltr]54.4[/ltr][ltr]12.2[/ltr]
    [ltr]2001[/ltr][ltr]1929[/ltr][ltr]24194.4[/ltr][ltr]130.0[/ltr][ltr]186.09[/ltr][ltr]96.5[/ltr][ltr]61.5[/ltr][ltr]13.8[/ltr]
    [ltr]2002[/ltr][ltr]1957[/ltr][ltr]28872.2[/ltr][ltr]132.1[/ltr][ltr]218.58[/ltr][ltr]111.7[/ltr][ltr]71.3[/ltr][ltr]16.0[/ltr]
    [ltr]2003[/ltr][ltr]1963[/ltr][ltr]38577.8[/ltr][ltr]135.1[/ltr][ltr]285.49[/ltr][ltr]145.4[/ltr][ltr]92.8[/ltr][ltr]20.9[/ltr]
    [size][ltr]
    Source: Based on data prepared by the Central Bureau of Statistics and Information Technologies and the American Federal Reserve n and the CBI.
    I've traded interested in the cash economy, the time of the siege that excessive monetary expansion and inflation bug was the deterioration of the exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar, but the indicators below indicate lower cash balances true in that period.They have become less in 2002 than it was in 1991, less than half, and in 1995, about five in the sense that the increase in the money supply was less than the rate of inflation, a large margin. And it is not uncommon lower cash balances real with constant volume of real income or increase it and "not uncommon this" and that I found in the statements of other countries, of the arguments advanced by Romer to indicate that the money bug inflation in the long term (Romer, p 515). And if we assume that estimates of real GDP and final audited, it means a significant increase in the speed of rotation of the money as shown in the table below. However, the jump in the speed of rotation of money that appeared in the year 2000 relate to, perhaps, running for renewed crude oil exports, which lifted GDP at current prices. And likely explanation for the movement of monetary variables in the time of the siege, which deserves further lesson: that the exchange rate led inflation, and the response of the general budget of glacial and partial, and this was not the money supply abreast of inflation, but behind him, because government spending that was financed with loans from the the central bank is specified for the money supply. Interestingly, government spending remained determinant of money supply: at the time of the siege across paragraph net domestic credit in the monetary base, and after the siege net foreign assets of the central bank and that Pena how to accumulate due to government spending financed by the oil supplier.
    And the fact that oil supplier and the use of it remained outside the budget because of the financing system of oil for food program and the circumstances of the siege Otherwise, it may have affected those exceptional situations on the data itself, apparently.
    The resulting time and money siege
    [/ltr][/size]
    [ltr]Year[/ltr][ltr]GDP[/ltr]
    [ltr]Total[/ltr]
    [ltr]At current prices[/ltr]
    [ltr]Billion dinars[/ltr]
    [ltr]Money sense[/ltr]
    [ltr]The narrow M1[/ltr]
    [ltr]Billion dinars[/ltr]
    [ltr]Speed ​​Velocity[/ltr][ltr]Record[/ltr]
    [ltr]GDP[/ltr]
    [ltr]Real[/ltr]
    [ltr]Record[/ltr]
    [ltr]For real cash balances[/ltr]
    [ltr]1991[/ltr][ltr]21.31[/ltr][ltr]24.67[/ltr][ltr]0.86[/ltr][ltr]100.000[/ltr][ltr]100.000[/ltr]
    [ltr]1992[/ltr][ltr]56.81[/ltr][ltr]43.91[/ltr][ltr]1.29[/ltr][ltr]125.666[/ltr][ltr]97.085[/ltr]
    [ltr]1993[/ltr][ltr]140.52[/ltr][ltr]86.43[/ltr][ltr]1.63[/ltr][ltr]186.816[/ltr][ltr]63.062[/ltr]
    [ltr]1994[/ltr][ltr]703.82[/ltr][ltr]238.90[/ltr][ltr]2.96[/ltr][ltr]178.121[/ltr][ltr]31.238[/ltr]
    [ltr]1995[/ltr][ltr]2252.26[/ltr][ltr]705.06[/ltr][ltr]3.19[/ltr][ltr]145.582[/ltr][ltr]19.583[/ltr]
    [ltr]1996[/ltr][ltr]2556.31[/ltr][ltr]960.50[/ltr][ltr]2.66[/ltr][ltr]217.812[/ltr][ltr]31.258[/ltr]
    [ltr]1997[/ltr][ltr]3286.93[/ltr][ltr]1038.10[/ltr][ltr]3.17[/ltr][ltr]265.498[/ltr][ltr]27.453[/ltr]
    [ltr]1998[/ltr][ltr]4653.52[/ltr][ltr]1351.88[/ltr][ltr]3.44[/ltr][ltr]261.431[/ltr][ltr]31.145[/ltr]
    [ltr]1999[/ltr][ltr]6607.66[/ltr][ltr]1483.84[/ltr][ltr]4.45[/ltr][ltr]302.384[/ltr][ltr]30.369[/ltr]
    [ltr]2000[/ltr][ltr]50213.7[/ltr][ltr]1728.01[/ltr][ltr]29.06[/ltr][ltr]594.109[/ltr][ltr]33.684[/ltr]
    [ltr]2001[/ltr][ltr]41314.57[/ltr][ltr]2159.09[/ltr][ltr]19.14[/ltr][ltr]607.854[/ltr][ltr]36.173[/ltr]
    [ltr]2002[/ltr][ltr]41022.93[/ltr][ltr]3013.60[/ltr][ltr]13.61[/ltr][ltr]565.778[/ltr][ltr]42.309[/ltr]
    [size][ltr]
    Source: website of the Central Bureau of Statistics and Information Technology, and the website of the Central Bank of Iraq.
    The above table shows the following diagram and how that cash balances remained without a real increase but decreased from what it was in 1991 and this guide, on government spending and the money supply Thrkia slowly behind the sharp deterioration in the exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar and who was the leader of prices by regression analysis and experience of those years from pension and accident collapse in prices expectations in 1996 and named after the popular vocabulary "medicines" open signifier and stillness waw and that means the collapse of the detonator.
    Real output and cash balances in real time of the siege in Iraq
    The years 1991 - 2002
     
     
    [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.][/ltr][/size]
    [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]
    [size][ltr][url][/url]
     
     
     


    Series No. 1 real GDP record
    Series No. 2 cash balances real record
    In the above figure means a widening gap between real output and real cash balances increasing speed Velocity, as shown in the table below it rose from one to the right more than 13 to the effect that the rotational speed result adapts to accomplish transactions at equilibrium, and in this case does not work restriction cash.
    *) An economic researcher and deputy governor of the Central Bank of the former
    Copyright Network economists Iraqis. Allows quoting and re-publishing the source said on condition
    [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
     [/ltr][/size]
    day dreamer
    day dreamer
    Moderator
    Moderator


    Posts : 3197
    Join date : 2012-12-19

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by day dreamer Mon 15 Sep 2014, 2:50 pm

    well we always knew they had 2 sets of books but will have to let ward or duck decipher this one 306
    MsLynn77
    MsLynn77
    Getting It Investor
    Getting It Investor


    Posts : 28
    Join date : 2013-01-04

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by MsLynn77 Mon 15 Sep 2014, 3:27 pm

    Duck, Hello Duck, where are you???
    wciappetta
    wciappetta
    NNP TEAM
    NNP TEAM


    Posts : 5112
    Join date : 2012-12-20

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by wciappetta Mon 15 Sep 2014, 4:14 pm

    It sounds like he's saying that the exchange rate was deliberately manipulated for years, saying that the real money supply was lower than advertised exchange rate represented. he suggests they did so for export advantage, which didn't materialize  because of the siege [sanctions]. 

    I believe it supports my explanation of the harmonic relationship between Middle Eastern economies and exchange rates... Too low and you harm surrounding economies. This is why the IMF history on exchange rates for Iraq are quite revealing.

    Then he also suggests that to high a rate can bring "dutch disease" but that doesn't really sum it up.


    That any rise in the real exchange rate weakens the productive investment activity in the home and thus the ability of the economy to create new jobs and these symptoms of Dutch disease. But, also, the consumer benefit from lower prices for goods and services imported and this is a tangible benefit immediately and directly and comprehensively to all individuals, while the fruits of investment activity affects the national economy and the total community and as a college and most of those fruits deferred. And therefore complicit individuals in their individual capacities and decision makers who seek to satisfy them to devote Dutch disease at the expense of the future of Iraq and Iraq generations and generations to come.

    However he ought to remember that Iraq is an oil economy and export the life blood of industry. countries will pay the price no matter what so there really isn't a competitor with the oil Cabal. So then Iraq is really an importing nation and also needs a high exchange rate to keep the natives calm.


    _________________
    [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end. Then shall ye call upon me, and ye shall go and pray unto me, and I will hearken unto you. And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
    duck2000
    duck2000
    Interacting Investor
    Interacting Investor


    Posts : 2934
    Join date : 2012-12-21

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by duck2000 Mon 15 Sep 2014, 5:15 pm

    In [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], the Dutch disease is the apparent relationship between the increase in the economic development of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and a decline in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (or agriculture). The mechanism is that an increase in revenues from natural resources (or inflows of foreign aid) will make a given nation's currency stronger compared to that of other nations (manifest in an [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]), resulting in the nation's other exports becoming more expensive for other countries to buy, and imports becoming cheaper, making the manufacturing sector less [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]. While it most often refers to natural resource discovery, it can also refer to "any development that results in a large inflow of [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], including a sharp surge in natural resource prices, [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.], and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]".[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

    The classic [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] describing Dutch Disease was developed by the economists [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] in 1982. In the model, there is a [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] (which includes [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]) and two [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]: the booming sector, and the lagging (or non-booming) tradable sector. The booming sector is usually the extraction of natural resources such as oil, natural gas, gold, copper, diamonds or bauxite, or the production of crops, such as coffee or cocoa. The lagging sector is usually [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] or [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].
    A resource [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] affects this economy in two ways. In the "resource movement effect", the resource boom increases demand for labor, which causes production to shift toward the booming sector, away from the lagging sector. This shift in labor from the lagging sector to the booming sector is called direct-deindustrialization. However, this effect can be negligible, since the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] sectors tend to employ few people.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] The "spending effect" occurs as a result of the extra revenue brought in by the resource boom. It increases demand for labor in the non-tradable sector (services), at the expense of the lagging sector. This shift from the lagging sector to the non-tradable sector is called indirect-deindustrialization.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] The increased demand for non-traded goods increases their price. However, prices in the traded good sector are set internationally, so they cannot change. This amounts to an increase in the [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.].[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
    duck2000
    duck2000
    Interacting Investor
    Interacting Investor


    Posts : 2934
    Join date : 2012-12-21

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by duck2000 Mon 15 Sep 2014, 5:19 pm

    he has a few issues as i see it the rate itself isnt set internationaly.. the trade tarriffs arnt inplyed at the proper set rates .. and the oil sector as ward has said is the ONLY thing going and other countries will pay regardless! now as far as two set of bokks this has been said in the cbi as well as other places so long as they continue to run TWO sets of books we wont see a rv !
    duck2000
    duck2000
    Interacting Investor
    Interacting Investor


    Posts : 2934
    Join date : 2012-12-21

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by duck2000 Mon 15 Sep 2014, 5:22 pm

    Definition of 'Dutch Disease'


    Negative consequences arising from large increases in a country's income. Dutch disease is primarily associated with a natural resource discovery, but it can result from any large increase in foreign currency, including foreign direct investment, foreign aid or a substantial increase in natural resource prices.

    Ads[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

    • [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
      We Deliver The Hottest Penny Stocks On a Silver Platter Every Week!
    • [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
      Guess who’s about to go bankrupt in America--Shocking answer here.

    Investopedia explains 'Dutch Disease'


    Dutch disease has two main effects:

    1. A decrease in the price competitiveness, and thus the export, of the affected country's manufactured goods
    2. An increase in imports

    In the long run, both these factors can contribute to manufacturing jobs being moved to lower-cost countries. The end result is that non-resource industries are hurt by the increase in wealth generated by the resource-based industries.

    The term "Dutch disease" originates from a crisis in the Netherlands in the 1960s that resulted from discoveries of vast natural gas deposits in the North Sea. The newfound wealth caused the Dutch guilder to rise, making exports of all non-oil products less competitive on the world market.

    In the 1970s, the same economic condition occurred in Great Britain, when the price of oil quadrupled and it became economically viable to drill for North Sea Oil off the coast of Scotland. By the late 1970s, Britain had become a net exporter of oil; it had previously been a net importer. The pound soared in value, but the country fell into recession when British workers demanded higher wages and exports became uncompetitive.


    [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
    Neno
    Neno
    Admin
    Admin


    Posts : 10938
    Join date : 2012-12-17
    Age : 59
    Location : Lone Star State

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by Neno Mon 15 Sep 2014, 5:30 pm

    day dreamer wrote:well we always knew they had 2 sets of books but will have to let ward or duck decipher this one  306
    Well, atleast you ask the right two. I also would like to see what Proven's comments would be... ;)
    mochasmom
    mochasmom
    Interacting Investor
    Interacting Investor


    Posts : 2993
    Join date : 2012-12-19

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by mochasmom Mon 15 Sep 2014, 6:29 pm

    duck2000 wrote:he has a few issues as i see it the rate itself isnt set internationaly.. the trade tarriffs arnt inplyed at the proper set rates .. and the oil sector as ward has said is the ONLY thing going and other countries will pay regardless! now as far as two set of bokks this has been said in the cbi as well as other places so long as they continue to run TWO sets of books we wont see a rv !
    Ok question...will they stop operating with 2 sets of books ONLY when they RV or would there be another reason to stop and would we even know?
    Proven
    Proven
    NNP TEAM
    NNP TEAM


    Posts : 1839
    Join date : 2012-12-21

    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by Proven Mon 15 Sep 2014, 7:39 pm

    Neno wrote:
    Well, atleast you ask the right two. I also would like to see what Proven's comments would be... ;)

    Ward's summary is very good. 

    The economist's analysis concluded that sanctions caused the inflation or decreased the exchange rate.   

    He mentions the negative impact on exports of the dutch disease.  However, he ignores the massive demand (and inflation) that will be created from government rebuilding efforts, and restrictive tariffs that will energize Iraq's domestic economy.

    The underlying belief is that the exchange rate is market driven.  I find this questionable considering the CBI's current fixed exchange system.

    The greater question is whether the CBI does what is in the best interest of the citizens.  If this was the case, they would not consider raising the exchange rate.  Because in a few years, when they produce at full capacity, Iraq would have trillions and trillions of dollars in foreign reserves.  But they lost the war, and agreed to the club of Paris terms in order to rebuild their country.  I suppose this (club of Paris terms) is in the best interest of the country.  The alternative is ISIS rule.

    Maybe ISIS will be the tool for them to reconsider their options. 

    Sponsored content


    Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege Empty Re: Dr. Ahmed Ali Abrihi *: the exchange rate and inflation in the years of siege

    Post by Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Thu 09 Feb 2023, 3:34 am