Unleash the strategic partnership between Iraq and China
21/7/2018 12:00 am
[rtl]A march of relations and cooperation
Abbas Jawad Kadimi
Friendly traditional friendship is the foundation of Iraq and China, countries with a long history and civilization that have important contributions to the history of human development. And relations between them are friendly at all stages, and these factors are reserved in the memory of both peoples. In all circumstances and events, ancient and modern, history can not be ignored when talking about any relations between two parties, which can be a basis on which the relations as a whole. The Arab-Chinese relations date back nearly 2000 years, and the country of Mesopotamia Iraq has more than 1000 years. Thanks to this long historical period, historical records are filled with a lot of evidence of the deep and friendly relations between Iraq and China.
Since the two countries are the cradle of civilization and originality, there is no doubt that they are interested in, nurture and build on traditional friendship. This point is not only an attraction and acceptance between the two countries and their peoples, but also the basis for promoting the aspirations and aspirations of closer and stronger relations in today's world.
In August of this year 2018, the 60-year-long diplomatic relationship between Iraq and China will be celebrated. It is an occasion that deserves the anniversary and celebration. It is the catalyst that we are looking forward to further and further development of relations and the opening of new pages of cooperation. Clear from the parties.
Over the past six decades, relations have been characterized by respect and mutual trust and have witnessed tangible development regardless of the different political regimes in both countries, despite some fluctuation in relations due to the circumstances experienced by Iraq and its cable from its local, regional and global role. But in general, friendly relations remained uncontroversial or hostile. On December 22 and 23, 2015, Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi visited China and met senior Chinese officials, led by President Xi Jinping. The two countries announced a strategic partnership, a step that could be seen as the culmination of their growing friendly relations. This strategic partnership includes many commitments and agreements, including mutual benefit cooperation, and this cooperation is increasingly vital between the two sides.
The current reality of Iraqi-Chinese relations
In the context of traditional and friendly historical relations between Iraq and China, there are so many factors that help to strengthen and diversify cooperation between the two sides. The current reality of their relations is very lively, supported by many facts. For example, both Iraq and China have a long history of civilization, remarkable achievements in the history of human development, and a long history of friendly friendship. Both countries are keen to cooperate and are prepared for it, despite differences in the level of development. Iraq is victorious from its war on terrorism and is shaken by the dust of a stage that has hindered it greatly. China is keen to cooperate for common development. In 2013, a very large initiative called the Silk Road Economic Road Initiative and the 21st Century Silk Road Road and Road Initiative Around 80 countries around the world, and all Arab countries, as well as Iraq's neighbors and in the region, have already begun cooperative projects with China within this initiative. Iraq has the historical depth of traditional friendly relations with China, enjoys a privileged position on the road and road initiative, and also has a strategic partnership of cooperation with China. It has agreements and cooperation projects at a high level, but it is still limited in light of the good relations and great potential of the countries .
relations between Iraq and China have bright prospects, both of which have a genuine desire for cooperation. Iraq is willing and ready for more constructive cooperation. China is also ready and has tremendous potential in all fields. These possibilities seek common benefit and enter into mutually beneficial or even multilateral cooperative projects on the basis of mutual respect, consultation and coordination. Currently, there is a very large cooperation between the two countries, which appears in the development projects of the oil industry and infrastructure with all its facilities and facilities, and Chinese companies are still the largest investor in Iraq in this area. In the area of electricity, there is also great cooperation: Chinese electric power companies generate much of the electricity supplied to Iraq, especially to Baghdad and its environs.
Under these appropriate factors, Iraq can expand and deepen cooperation with China. In the light of the essence of bilateral relations and the Chinese initiative, it is entitled to put forward any vision, proposal or priority commensurate with its current reality, its actual needs and the level of its development. The task now is to strengthen the Iraqi people concerned with the advancement of the country's situation, their efforts and the initiative more urgent and urgent demand, are not currently unknown and working on it, the strategic vision of cooperation with the world, and identify priorities and diversification of areas of cooperation, Fighting against terrorism, standing on its feet among the nations of the earth, all of which realize that our world today has no place for the weak. Iraq and the Iraqis are part of the great human fabric, and the Iraqis, like the rest of the world's people, most of them are mentally minded and a nature that does not accept isolation and failure.
Despite the suffering of the Iraqis, cruel and brutal wars imposed on them and the complexities exhausted the country, but can not ignore the vitality of generations of wonderful Iraqis now. We have the hope inherent in human beings, and we have the ability to strive as far as we can to diversify our cooperation with the world, and we have the opportunity. Since China is ready, there are no obstacles to cooperation with it, and even if there are obstacles, it is certainly easy to resolve thanks to very good relations. The Chinese openly say they have financial investments, scientific and technological potentials, experiences and desires, and are ready to enter into cooperative partnerships with countries around the world, including Iraq. This means that the opportunity for our country to strengthen cooperation with China, which does not set any conditions for this cooperation, except serious desire on the other side. To illustrate the importance of this initiative and the opportunities it provides to the countries of the world, let us take one example that can illustrate this importance. The President of Austria, Alexander Beilin, visited China in mid-April 2018. He also included the Austrian Chancellor and his senior ministers, some 200 businessmen and The openly declared cooperation is enhanced in various projects with China, within the belt and road initiative. Around the same time, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Roth made a visit to China at the head of a large trade delegation of more than 230 members from various sectors and companies of the Netherlands and stressed his country's keenness to take part in the "very attractive initiative".
One of the points that is in our favor is our relations with the Chinese people, and there is a certain fact that the Chinese have a feeling of love and respect for Iraq and for the Iraqis. There is a general situation among the Chinese. Once they know you are from Iraq, they raise the thumbs- , And respect for the strength, skin, patience and steadfastness of Iraqis over the past five decades of modern history. These feelings are real, and their basis is the cultural depth and friendly relations that have not been flawed between the two countries. It is fine to tell a truly interesting story that took place between Iraq and China. The Chinese trade with great appreciation. During the late 1950s, China suffered from difficult economic conditions, and so many of its citizens suffered from severe conditions like real famine. At the time, the government of Abdul Karim Qasim sent two (at least) Iraqi dates, and those dates were a great blessing and a sweetness that can not be forgotten.
Call for more cooperation
This modest article aims to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Iraq and China, and may seem to call for more cooperation and rapprochement between the two peoples, and this is true, but we should not lose sight of the fact that the actual cooperation exists between the two countries, A trade partner of Iraq, the third largest trade partner among the Arab countries, and the value of trade between them more than 22 billion dollars in 2017, up 21.8% over 2016. In light of what we aspire to, this value is still few, but certainly a candidate for more Of growth and development. There is a remarkable positive advantage in these relations, which makes them different from many of China's trade relations with most of its partners in the world, and this advantage is the relative balance of trade balance, a healthy sign of further development of relations.
The Chinese interest is confirmed by Chinese President Xi Jinping during a meeting with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi during his visit to Beijing in December 2015. "China appreciates its relations with Iraq," Shi said. , And sees it as a trustworthy partner and an important partner for cooperation in the Middle East. " China has taken the initiative to exempt Iraq from the billions of dollars accumulated accumulated debts of the former regime. The late Iraqi leader Mam Jalal, when he visited the country in the summer of 2007, did not disappoint. Very much with us; although I do not like to mention the amount of debt exempted exactly, but very large. Prior to Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi's visit to China on December 22 and 23, 2015, he exchanged views with journalists and academics in Beijing, and stressed in the light of what they know and follow from their official media that China attaches great importance to the visit, The Iraqi ministers are the best reception and the most generous hospitality, and I am ready to listen to what Iraq aspires and looks forward to, and work to implement it with all available resources. China is the only country whose companies have been engaged in contracted projects in Iraq, despite the risks posed by the terrorists' occupation of Mosul and the western provinces in 2014, and did not withdraw or reverse their commitments after all foreign companies left Iraq.
The past decades may have confused Iraq with complex problems, but it can not undo the importance, role, location, vitality and originality of its people. Liberated Iraq is qualified to play a major role in its regional and international arena in various fields, including what we urgently need now is economic recovery. Iraq is currently undergoing a sensitive period, and much needs, and our youth need jobs and development. Our cooperation with the world, including China, preserves a lot of our independence and internal affairs, so that we act in accordance with our reality and in the light of our urgent needs and our potentials.
Strengthening cooperation with China and pushing forward the implementation of joint projects does not only mean increasing employment, but also moving more areas, such as increasing the demand for Arabic and Chinese translators. This motivates young people to learn the language of the other side, which also means more opportunities for acquaintance. Cultural exchange between the two peoples. Cooperation promotes development and development conducive to peace, stability and decent living. Cultural exchanges promote communication between people, their hearts and ideas, and help raise the level of professionals and competencies helps to drive economic and industrial development, raise the efficiency and production capacity, and pay education invaluable wealth. Currently, China offers 40 scholarships annually to Iraqi students, and Iraq in turn allocates seats at the Arabic Language Institute for Chinese students who want to study Arabic; if high-level official exchanges are strengthened and cooperation ties solidify, there will certainly be an opportunity to talk about more scholarships for Iraqi students As well as training opportunities for Iraqi employees, technicians and media professionals in the management, technical, technical and information services of China, which is already happening annually, but we look forward to further raising the level of production possibilities in Iraq. Most of the capitals and cities of our Arab world are the Confucius Institute for Chinese Language Teaching. These institutes contribute to the development of educational and cultural cooperation between the Arab capitals and the Chinese universities and institutes. Baghdad has become qualified to open the Confucius Institute for Chinese Language Studies, in addition to other Iraqi cities, But not limited to Basra and Erbil. Most of our Arab peoples have a friendship association with the Chinese people, and Iraq was one of the first to establish a friendship association with the Chinese people, but it froze because of the circumstances. I have been living with the Chinese for some time now, and I know their feelings about our Iraqi people. I have sought an Iraqi friend to revive the Iraqi-Chinese Friendship Society, and on this occasion we look forward to popular support for them.
As we are receiving this year the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the official diplomatic relations between the two countries, we all look forward to consolidating this friendship and good relations and achieving closer rapprochement between the two countries, especially as China extends its arms to us and we must move to benefit from its development experience. We reiterate that the prospects for Iraqi-Chinese relations are bright and promising, and we must contribute more to inheriting, consolidating and developing our excellent friendly relations towards a more sustainable and shining future. * Writer and media resident in Beijing[/rtl]
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