Calls for Iraq to join the “Rome Convention”
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Baghdad: Huda Al-Azzawi
Specialists in security affairs and human rights called on the Iraqi government to join the “Rome Convention” or the “Rome Statute” of the International Criminal Court, to support the investigation into Israel’s crimes in Palestine, and its contribution to the prosecution of ISIS terrorist gang criminals. The specialists also highlighted the importance of Iraq's accession to this agreement in order to recover fugitives.
The head of the “Defenders” group for human rights in Paris, Dr. Ali Akram, explained in an interview with “Al-Sabah” that “the International Criminal Court is authorized to intervene and investigate any crime that occurs on the territory of the countries joining it, and it also has the right to try any citizen belonging to those countries.” States, in addition to the powers of the UN Security Council, which can refer any international crime to this international court.”
He expressed his regret that Iraq is not a member of this court, because it “has not ratified (the Rome Convention), and therefore this court cannot interfere in the investigation of any crime that occurs on Iraqi territory, or any crime committed by an Iraqi citizen, and here is certainly the reference.” to the crimes of ISIS in Iraq,” indicating that “this court could have intervened and opened an investigation into ISIS members who committed crimes in Iraq, if the country to which they belong had ratified this agreement.”
Akram called on the Iraqi government to submit an official request to intervene in the investigation of ISIS crimes, explaining that “there is already an existing international committee whose work will end next September, which is the Committee for Documentation and Investigation of ISIS crimes, which is a committee authorized by the UN Security Council.” To carry out such investigations of crimes, therefore, Iraq’s accession to the (Rome Convention) is an important and positive step to benefit from investigations and hold perpetrators accountable who belong to countries that have ratified the aforementioned convention.” For his part, the researcher in military and strategic affairs, retired Major General Dr. Imad Alo, indicated in an interview with “Al-Sabah” that “Iraq’s accession to (the Rome Convention) and the International Criminal Court is of great importance, given that this court is competent to implement the judiciary.” International law and international humanitarian law, and this issue is important for Iraq, because the country for many years has been the scene of violations and crimes committed by international bodies on Iraqi territory by terrorist organizations.” He pointed out that "Iraq's accession to the (Rome Convention) enables it to restore its rights and file lawsuits against international parties outside Iraqi borders within the framework of the International Criminal Court, and this issue also relates to the recovery of Iraqi funds smuggled outside the country."
Alo stressed that "Iraq's rights have been violated, and this requires compensation for the crimes committed by ISIS. Therefore, the Iraqi people have the right to request compensation for what was committed against them, and this is done by joining the (Rome Convention), and membership in the court The International Criminal Court will certainly allow the court to consider the cases filed by Iraq or any official Iraqi organizations that submit a request to the court.”
Edited by: Muhammad Al-Ansari
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