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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

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The Deployment of the Iraqi Army on Iran's Borders: A Plan to Satisfy Tehran

rocky
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The Deployment of the Iraqi Army on Iran's Borders: A Plan to Satisfy Tehran Empty The Deployment of the Iraqi Army on Iran's Borders: A Plan to Satisfy Tehran

Post by rocky Sun 27 Nov 2022, 6:12 am

[size=47]The Deployment of the Iraqi Army on Iran's Borders: A Plan to Satisfy Tehran[/size]

November 27, 2022
A Peshmerga member inspects the damage following an Iranian border bombing (AFP)

About a week after the visit of the Iranian "Quds Force" commander, Ismail Qaani, to Baghdad, and his meeting with Prime Minister Muhammad Shia' al-Sudani, and a number of Iraqi political leaders and armed factions, the Iraqi government moved, with the support of the "Coordinating Framework" forces, to avoid a scenario of an Iranian ground invasion of Iraqi territory. The border in the Kurdistan region may reach a depth of 60 kilometers in the event that it occurs.
Tehran argues by pursuing the Iranian Kurdish opposition groups, which have been present in the Kurdistan region for nearly 30 years, and accuses them of being responsible for fueling [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] and carrying out acts of violence against the security forces.

Impossible conditions for Iran

Qaani, who visited Baghdad in the middle of this month, for a period of four days, handed over to the Iraqis a list of conditions that were considered impossible and amounted to an Iranian attempt to remove embarrassment for them to carry out a ground military operation targeting the Iranian opposition groups inside Iraq.
Qaani's [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] came one day after [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards on three areas in the Kurdistan region, most notably Koysanjak, north of Erbil, which resulted in deaths and injuries, including Iraqis and Iranian Kurds.
Tehran accuses Iranian opposition groups in the Kurdistan region of fueling the protests
Among the demands made by Qaani are the dismantling of the Iranian Kurdish opposition groups, the withdrawal of their weapons and their transfer away from the borders, and for the Iraqi army to assume responsibility for the borders with Iran, not just the Kurdish Peshmerga.
During the past few days, Al-Sudani held several meetings, the most prominent of which was with the President of the Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani, in Baghdad, followed by a meeting of the National Security Council, which includes in its membership the Ministers of Defense and Interior and the Intelligence and National Security Services, in addition to the Chief of Staff of the Iraqi Army.
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[size=12]Arab reports

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However, it was remarkable that the Chief of Staff of the Peshmerga forces, Lieutenant General Issa Aziz, participated in the meeting, which ended with a final statement in which he announced the start of a plan to deploy Iraqi military units alongside the Peshmerga forces on the Iraqi international borders with Iran, without clarifying any other details of this announcement. This Baghdad declaration has not yet been met with any Iranian reaction suggesting its acceptance, and Iranian leaders continue their threats [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] .
An Iraqi official in Baghdad, who asked not to be named, told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that the Iranians "provided evidence to Iraq confirming the use of Iraqi lands against Iran, including the smuggling of weapons by Kurdish groups into Iranian territory." The source added that Qaani was clear regarding a ground military operation inside Iraqi territory, to stop the activities of Kurdish groups that Tehran accuses of being behind the violence and coordinating recent protests in various Kurdish cities inside Iran.
The same official revealed that "a plan has been reached to deploy military units from the army, along with units from the border guards, along a border of about 200 kilometers. According to the source, the plan includes the presence of barracks in partnership with the Peshmerga forces, with the aim of preventing any Iranian escalation inside Iraqi territory." He added, "The United Nations mission supports these measures to withdraw the Iranian argument for possible military action."
The Iraqi official considered that those forces would prevent the activities of the Kurdish groups towards Iran, but this measure so far does not seem to have satisfied the Iranians, speaking that any Iranian military operation inside Iraq may mean a major crisis, since the areas of activity of the Kurdish opposition groups are densely populated, and the occurrence of Civilian casualties is imminent if the operation begins.
For his part, the spokesman for the Iraqi Joint Operations Command, Major General Tahsin al-Khafaji, said in a statement to The New Arab, “The government is currently working seriously to send additional military forces to the borders with Iran to control them, and there is continuous communication and coordination with the region to deploy joint forces on the border.” the border".
Al-Khafaji added, "Iraq is able to fully control its border file and prevent any threat from its lands to all countries in the region, and this is a consistent Iraqi policy, and we did not and will not accept that the lands be a starting point for any aggression against any country whatsoever."

A first test for the Sudanese government

For his part, the rapporteur of the Security and Defense Committee in the Iraqi parliament, Mahdi Taqi Amerli, told Al-Araby Al-Jadeed that “the Sudanese government is serious in its move on the border file with Iran to prevent the exploitation of any vacuum there by any parties that want to use Iraqi lands to attack Iran.” or any neighboring country.
Taqi Amerli talked about "coordination with the Kurdistan Regional Government to redeploy army and border forces on the border strip with Iran, as well as with Turkey, during the coming period." He pointed out that "this matter was agreed upon and came in order to preserve the sovereignty of Iraq and prevent any attack on it by any party, and so that there is no excuse for bombing Iraqi lands."
The rapporteur of the Security and Defense Committee in the Iraqi parliament added, "Iran has delivered messages of resentment for the use of Iraqi lands to destabilize security and stability in it, and Iraq has affirmed its rejection and its work to prevent the use of Iraqi lands to target the security and stability of any neighboring country or any country in the world, and for this reason it will have military and security steps in this regard." connection during the next stage, and this matter is supported by everyone because of its preservation of Iraq's sovereignty."
An Iranian military operation inside Iraq could mean a major crisis, given that the Kurdish opposition groups' areas of activity are densely populated
In the context, a member of the Foreign Relations Committee in the Iraqi parliament, Muthanna Amin, considered that the crisis of the repeated bombing of Iraqi border towns and cities within the northern Kurdistan region of the country, "will not end unless the country acquires its sovereignty." Amin added, in press statements in Baghdad, on Friday evening, that "Iraq is currently a country that does not possess sovereignty, and follows regional and international agendas, on which politicians' loyalties are distributed, which is reflected in all fields, including sovereignty."
For his part, the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Bankin Rikani, accused the "coordinating framework" of "not even being able to denounce the Iranian bombing." Rikani said in a televised statement, "Within the political agreement under which the government was formed, any military operations against the region have been criminalized, and that there will be legal prosecution of the perpetrators and bringing them to justice."
As for Iran, Rikani considered it "another issue," as he put it, as "the coordination framework cannot object, and it cannot even denounce the bombing." He added, "We know the size of the framework's capabilities, and we cannot overload them."
On the issue of deploying Iraqi forces on the borders, political and military analyst Ahmed Al-Sharifi said, in an interview with Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, that Baghdad "has the ability to deploy military units, but this matter requires a political agreement before any military agreement."
Al-Sharifi ruled out that "the Kurdistan region would accept the entry of federal military forces into its territory, as he believes that this step is a danger to him, especially when any political crisis erupts between Baghdad and Erbil, and therefore the Kurdish approval may come in order to reduce Iranian pressure on officials in the region, especially since The information confirms that there are strongly worded messages that reached them during Qaani's recent visit to Iraq.
The political analyst expected that "the Sudanese government will do everything it can do to prevent any Iranian ground operations inside Iraqi territory," pointing out that "this matter is considered a preliminary test for it by Tehran, as well as by Iraqi parties loyal to or opposed to Tehran."
The Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs had denounced the repeated Iranian and Turkish attacks on the Kurdistan region, stressing that they violate international covenants and laws, and represent a violation of the country's sovereignty.

The repeated Iranian attacks target Iraqi border towns and areas in the region, which Tehran says harbor Kurdish groups it classifies as "terrorists". Among the most prominent of these groups: the Iranian Kurdistan Democratic Party "Hadka", which is the oldest of them and was founded in 1945 in Iran, the leftist Kurdish "Komala" party opposed to Tehran (founded in 1967), the "Free Life" party (PJAK), in addition to the "Khabat" organization Kurdish nationalism, which in Arabic means "armed struggle", not to mention other groups.
These forces and parties are active in the areas and towns of the Iraqi-Iranian border strip, which are areas with difficult and extremely cold terrain most of the year, and were the scene of an exchange of control between the Iraqi and Iranian armies during their war between 1980 and 1988. The areas of the mountains and villages of Joman, Sidekan, Soran, Sayed Sadiq, Khalifan, Balkaiti, Qandil, Koysanjak, Halabja and Rania of Iraq are within the Kurdistan region, north of Erbil and east of Sulaymaniyah, and on a border strip of varying depth with a total length of more than 110 kilometers between the two countries.
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