[size=36]An international organization accuses Iraq of denying thousands of children of ISIS families access to education[/size]
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accused of "Human Rights Watch", Wednesday, the Iraqi government to deprive thousands of children, who are suspected of affiliation to their parents Daesh, of their right to education.
Children who were born or lived in ISIS-controlled areas between 2014 and 2017 lack and are difficult to obtain civil documents required by the Iraqi government for enrollment in schools.
In a report released today, the organization said it supported a document issued in September 2018 and signed by senior officials of the Ministry of Education, a discussion that appears to allow children without civil documents to be registered in schools. However, officials inform school administrators and relief groups, which provide support services for education, that undocumented children are still prohibited from enrolling in public schools.
“Depriving children of their right to education because of something their parents may have done is grossly misleading of collective punishment. It undermines any potential government efforts,” said Lama Fakih, acting Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. To combat extremist thought by pushing these children to the margins of society. "
The agency quoted a relief worker coordinating an education program in Nineveh and three school principals there as saying that ministry officials told them that despite the September 2018 decision, and as of January 1, 2019, pupils could only go to school if their parents personally pledged to the DG. Local educational authorities in their province receive civil child documents before the end of the school year or within 30 days after this undertaking.
The head of a primary school adjacent to a camp for displaced families, 30 kilometers southeast of Mosul, said the ministry had instructed schools to expel students whose parents had not kept their pledges. At least 1,080 school-age children live in the camp next to the school, but only 50 of these children, all of whom have valid documents, are enrolled in school.
A school director in a camp 30 km south of Mosul said that since 018, all children in the camp had been allowed to register, but after receiving the new ministry instructions, "at least 100 children stopped attending school. Either because their parents could not afford to go to Mosul to make a pledge, or they are not convinced of the feasibility of it because they know they will not be able to obtain their civil documents within 30 days. "
A 13-year-old girl, who was in sixth grade, said she was forced to stop attending in January. Her mother does not have a death certificate for the father who, according to the mother, joined ISIS and died, and therefore cannot obtain a valid identity card for her daughter. "I want to learn, I want to continue studying and become a teacher, but I don't know if they will let me," the daughter said.
Many families, who lived under ISIS control between 2014 and 2017, lack one or more civilian documents that schools require parents to submit to register these children. Human Rights Watch interviewed more than 20 families whose children are still unable to enroll in the school for this reason after the September 2018 decision. They were unable to identify any families without documentation and were able to enroll their children in school.
During its control of the area, ISIS often confiscated Iraqi civil documents and issued its own documents, which are not recognized by the Iraqi authorities. Iraqi security forces confiscated the documents of some families as they fled the fighting or upon arrival in IDP camps. Families whose children were born in ISIS-run hospitals faced difficulties in obtaining birth certificates and all subsequent documents for their children, especially if the husband was dead, missing or detained. Authorities require women to have a valid death or divorce certificate to issue documents for themselves and their children, which most women do not have in this situation.