Baghdad believes that the continuation of US sanctions on Tehran and its inability to repay debts will make it difficult for it to rely on Iranian gas in the future[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]an Iraqi reporter
Monday December 20 2021 4:
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Since 2009, Iraq has signed a series of contracts with international oil companies to develop its fields in the southern and central regions of the country (Reuters)
Iraq is heading to invest the huge gas deposits in its western desert within broad plans aimed at meeting the needs of power plants and local industry, leading to entering the club of gas exporting countries within several years.
The Iraqi interest in expanding the scope of investments in developing [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] began during the past two years, through the dependence of most of the Iraqi electricity production plants on gas, in conjunction with the fluctuation of Iranian gas exports to Iraq, which greatly affected the reality of the energy supplied in the country.
Baghdad believes that the continuation of the US sanctions on Iran, and its inability to pay the latter's debts amounting to about 6 billion dollars for importing gas for a period exceeding two years due to these sanctions, makes it difficult for it to depend in the future on [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] , because lifting the sanctions on Tehran may take a long period, which causes With great embarrassment for the Iraqi state in managing important economic files that depend on the production of electric power.
The Iraqi Oil Minister and Chairman of the National [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] Company , Ihsan Abdul-Jabbar, stressed the importance of accelerating exploration operations in the Western Desert to increase reserves and national production of gas, noting that it is a priority for project implementation within the ministry's plans and objectives.
During a meeting in which the technical presentation of the committee formed to study the development of the 16 exploration blocks in the Western Desert was presented, Abdul-Jabbar said that this step represents an important addition to increasing national production, which contributes in the future to achieving sustainable development.
He added that it is necessary to complete the technical and administrative procedures and the financial allocations required to include the development project of 5 of them in the 2022 budget, due to their importance in the optimal investment of gas and meeting local needs, stressing the need to invest all local capabilities and energies, and in cooperation with specialized international companies to reduce costs and risks.
A plan spanning years
In turn, Director General of Oil Explorations, Basem Mohamed Khadi, said that the development of exploratory patches in the Western Desert includes drilling an exploratory well after conducting seismic surveys, processing and interpreting data.
He added that the period of implementation of the surveys for the five patches that were identified to start the exploration operations is four years using two seismic bands as a first stage, followed by a second stage to explore 5 other patches, and a third stage to explore the remaining six patches.
16 exploratory patches
The technical study presented by the committee included the identification of 16 exploration blocks in the Western Desert, which are located within vast areas. The foundations of the project identified the direct development of 5 areas or patches, most of which are border areas in Anbar Governorate, in which seismic survey activities are targeted, namely (Al-Anz, South Al-Rutba, Akashat, Tobal and Al-Walid).
250 trillion cubic meters
Oil and gas specialist Hamza Al-Jawahiri said that expectations indicate that Iraq has 250 trillion standard cubic meters of potential gas, which makes it one of the main countries for gas production in the world.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Al-Jawahiri added, "Gas occupies the second place after green renewable energy because of its low impact on greenhouse gas emissions, so the future of gas is broader," noting that expectations indicate that Iraq includes 250 trillion standard cubic meters of potential in the western region.
According to Al-Jawahiri, he has been demanding that officials appointed to the Ministry of Oil continue for 20 years to explore gas in the western region of Iraq, as he was part of the Iraqi-Soviet team in 1979 that conducted an extensive study on oil and gas, thus realizing the importance of investing it.
He pointed out that the national effort does not have the experience in investing in gas, indicating that the investment of this gas must be through a foreign effort so that Iraq will gain experience in the development and production of gas.
In turn, the advisor of Anbar Governorate, Aziz Al-Tarmouz, said that two exploratory teams have started exploring for gas in the province, stressing that the security situation is ready to receive exploratory teams and foreign companies in the future.
Al-Tarmuz added that the province has formed a coordinating committee with the Ministry of Oil to explore and invest all the exploration blocks in Anbar.
Work in narrators, hadith and al-Nakhib
He added that the Ministry of Oil sent the first seismic division, which started work in the Rawah field, and moved to work in Haditha, and the second division is working in Nukhaib, calling on the Ministry of Oil to send other seismic teams after the Ministry of Oil selected 5 exploratory patches from among 12 areas.
He said, "The security concern and fears of not securing the required security for the exploratory teams is one of the concerns of the ministry, but we emphasized the security stability of the province, and we expressed our readiness to provide protection for all seismic teams entering the province," noting that Anbar province is currently different from what it was in years 2013 and 2014, and the terrorist gangs do not manipulate it, and its people refuse to enter ISIS again.
Al-Tarmuz stressed the benefit that will prevail in Iraq and the province through gas investment, and the possibility of it becoming an exporter of Iraqi gas for the first time, noting that this matter will lead to the recovery of the country's economy and provide job opportunities for all Iraq's governorates, including Anbar, as well as the formation of the Anbar Gas Company and the establishment of an industry Huge invader in Iraq.
Since 2009, Iraq signed a series of contracts with international oil companies to develop its fields in the southern and central regions of the country to focus on the governorates of Basra, Maysan, Wasit and Dhi Qar, and then expanded to explore for new oil reserves in the governorates of Muthanna, Najaf and Anbar.
The licensing rounds were able to raise Iraqi oil production, which reached its lowest stage in 2007, by one and a half million barrels per day, to reach more than 4 million barrels per day, after these companies carried out a comprehensive development process for the Iraqi oil fields in the south of the country in various aspects of this sector in production, export and extraction. But it was criticized by politicians on the radio for years, due to its high cost, and the impact of this on Iraq's annual oil revenues.
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