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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

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    The Minister of Water Resources speaks to Alsumaria about the water deficit and storage

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    The Minister of Water Resources speaks to Alsumaria about the water deficit and storage Empty The Minister of Water Resources speaks to Alsumaria about the water deficit and storage

    Post by Rocky Wed 20 Mar 2024, 4:55 am

    [size=35][size=35]The Minister of Water Resources speaks to Alsumaria about the water deficit and storage[/size]
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    03-19-2024 | 17:28
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    Today, Tuesday, the Minister of Water Resources, Aoun Dhiab, warned of a water deficit exceeding 10 billion cubic meters if Iraq does not take precautions. While he indicated that the rains had increased water reserves by 10% and the number is gradually doubling, he revealed the removal of 7,900 unlicensed fish lakes.


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    Diab said in his speech to the program (Balmukhtazil) broadcast by Al-Sumaria satellite channel, that “there will be a water deficit amounting to more than 10 billion cubic meters if we do not take a set of required measures inside Iraq,” indicating that “we have an accurate perception as a result of the strategic study that we carried out.” Which plans for the year 2035 because our water resources are outside the borders and there is development within the upstream countries such as Turkey, Syria and Iran.”



    He added, "We must work to reduce the deficit gap and how to manage our water resources by increasing the water available to us and working on optimal use to reduce consumption," noting that "this year, Basra Governorate was tasked with establishing a desalination plant on the Gulf, from which we will obtain 10 cubic meters per year." The second is traditional water that is not accounted for in the water budget and is only for Basra, but it is an added resource and it is not the last.”

    How to develop resources.
    Dhiyab stressed the necessity of relying on “another resource, which is the sea, and the tendency to use drain water and not to release its water to the Gulf to be included in the water budget while relying on groundwater,” stressing that “there is a government trend to reduce consumption despite the increase in population and agricultural lands from Through the use of modern irrigation techniques because agriculture is the primary consumer of water.”

    Diab pointed out that the original water resources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers “used to come entirely to Iraq, and therefore we have been witnessing floods since the 1950s, but Turkey built its dams on the two rivers, and the first dam was (Kiban in 1969), followed by a group of dams on the Euphrates River, the last of which is the giant “Ataturk” dam. Which completely changed the equation in 1993, and from the Syrian side, the “Tabqa” Dam, which changed the true shape of the Euphrates.”

    He stated that "Iraq has an agreement with Syria and Turkey that the water released from the borders will be 500 cubic meters per second, of which 290 will reach Iraq, and now there is a violation of this agreement on the part of the Turkish side, and last year it did not commit to implementing it, but things are now improving," explaining that "the Tigris River has not It did not have any dams, but now in the northeast of Diyarbakir one has been constructed, and after that came the Jazra Dam, which is a complementary dam whose goal is to irrigate the large agricultural areas on the Syrian-Iraqi-Turkish border. This also changed the shape of the Tigris River, and therefore we have a clear and frank position of not agreeing to its construction unless we reach it. "A specific agreement with Turkey regarding the water share."

    As Shaq Dhiyab said, “Iraq is going through water conflicts because the resource is limited and the need is great, not limited to the upstream countries, but also within the country on shared rivers, such as what happens in the Shatt al-Hilla, which serves three governorates (Babylon, Diwaniyah, and Muthanna),” noting that “correct rules must be established.” For use, we are in the process of legislating a law for water distribution in accordance with what is stipulated in the constitution, and now it is being studied by the State Council and then sent to the Prime Minister and then to Parliament for legislation.”

    The original sources of the Tigris and Euphrates
    between Dhiyab said, “The main source of the Euphrates is from Turkey, passing through Syria. As for the Tigris, it is also from Turkey at a rate of 82%, and the rest is from the Upper Zab. As for Iran, it has a relationship with the Lower Zab only, the Diyala River, and a group of seasonal rivers and valleys that cross its borders, and its contribution to the Tigris is only 18%.” After the 1975 Algerian agreement, the Karun River began to flow into Iran after it had been in the Shatt al-Arab when it was all for Iraq.

    He explained, "Iran relies entirely on the Shatt al-Arab for its navigation because the Bahmanshir River contains moving sea sand and is not suitable for floods. Therefore, it depends on it for its navigation. We reached an agreement with them to release water that maintains the stability of the Shatt al-Arab and removes the salt tongue from the sea. This was a positive thing that we saw last summer in Basra." He added, "On the Diyala River, there are two dams, the first is Darbandikhan and the other is Hamrin, and they serve the river. The situation is positive regarding the process of storing water in the first and second dam. Its quantity is OK and is better than last year."

    Rainwater and increased storage
    . The Minister of Water Resources pointed out that “rainwater supplied Iraq with 10 billion cubic metres, meaning the water reserve increased by 10% and doubled from what it was in December, and we expect it to increase in the coming days, which is important because we do not need to release Large quantities of water reserve from the Mosul Dam on the Tigris and Haditha Dam on the Euphrates,” noting that “Iran has large and important joint water projects with its neighboring countries, but there is not a single joint project with Iraq despite the long borders that connect us with them due to political wills.” We must deal according to the technical standard, away from politics.”

    Iraq’s need for dams.
    Diab revealed, “Iraq does not need dams because we have storage capacity, such as the Tharthar Dam, which accommodates more than 40 billion cubic meters, but it needs harvesting dams that work to store flood water that comes in the rainy seasons, which is positive for groundwater recharge.” And the local pastoral communities, and we are working to start it, and the Al-Masad Dam was established in the Anbar desert, and the second one is ready to start after it is included in the Ministry of Planning, which is Al-Abyad, with a capacity of 4 million cubic meters, near the Ain Al-Tamr oasis, because it lost its water due to the unfair consumption of groundwater.”

    He continued, "Iraq does not need dams or regulators because it has many of them, such as the Samarra Dam, without which Baghdad would have been exposed to floods annually, and others, such as the Ramadi, Fallujah, and Hindiyah Dams, and the regulators we need in the event of establishing reform projects, which we are about to do for the future," adding, "We are working on establishing a dam." On the Shatt al-Arab with an Italian company, its location and designs are determined by consultants, and our desire is for it to be in the mouth of the Shatt in the Ras al-Bisha area, but if it is there, it must be shared with Iran, through which the amount of water going towards the Gulf is controlled and also to benefit from the Iranian Karun River and prevent... Salt tide.

    He stated that, "Before the Iran-Iraq war, sediments were removed from the Shatt al-Arab in an amount amounting to one million cubic meters annually, and since 1980 until now, everything related to removal has stopped, and it has affected us by the deviation of the navigational channel, and the Iranian side has advanced sharply over us. There is discussion and controversy about this issue, and the Iranian side has it." A desire to restore the 1975 agreement again, which is in the interest of Iraq,” noting that “the Ministry of Transport and Ports is directly responsible for the deviation of the Shatt al-Arab navigation channel due to the Shatt al-Arab not being dredged and leaving the matter to nature that diverted it.”

    Regarding the drying of the Iraqi tributaries by the Iranian side, Dhiyab stressed that “it did not dry out any tributary, and all that were affected by drought were found due to rainfall, and when their season ended, they dried up, and out of 42 streams, there are only 4 Iranian rivers on which projects were established to transport water from the Diyala Basin to Karkha, and we presented them.” We object to it.”

    Transgressions on the rivers
    Dhiyab explained, “With political and military cover and government support, we have so far removed more than 7,900 unlicensed fish lakes, and small quantities remain, and we are in the process of removing all of them because they are completely in violation of the law, and the waters of these artificial lakes must go to the marshes in order for us to recover the natural fish, “catan and brown,” which We were deprived of it, which is one of the most delicious types of fish,” noting that “we found 76 lakes distributed in areas surrounding Baghdad and Babylon, owned by one person.”

    Agriculture and the Modern Irrigation System
    Aoun Dhiab considered that “the current period is a transitional period for Iraq in the process of using irrigation from ancient to modern methods, and the Ministry of Agriculture has a plan to import 14 thousand modern agricultural sprinklers as well as to go to the “developed tourism” system supported by Japanese organizations and this method It alone saves 35% of the water used, but by spraying the saving reaches 50%, or by drip method it reaches 80%, and this is what we are counting on in the future.”

     
    He concluded his speech, "The decline in the cultivation of milkshakes in Najaf is due to the method of its cultivation, as it is grown in the hottest months of summer and needs a lot of water. With great evaporation, we lose large numbers of water. We are in the process of changing this method and switching to the sprinkler system that gave good results last season."
     
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