[ltr]New report, Human Rights Watch accused the Iraqi forces and the Peshmerga and the crowd and Daash of violating the laws of war[/ltr][ltr]
BAGHDAD - Iraq Press - April 24 / April: Amnesty International , Human Rights Watch accused theIraqi forces and the Peshmerga and Kurdish elements of the popular crowd, as Daash, with violations of the laws of war and the practice ofkilling and abduction of civilians, the destruction oftheir homes and their cities, and the use of child soldiers in the fighting.
She stressed the international organization concerned with human rights issues in a report Sunday, to give the Iraqi government forces, whichare preparing to evict the organization Daash fighters from the northern city of Mosul, a city ofmore than two million people, the second largest city after the capital , Baghdad, the priority to protect civilians caught up in the city controlled by the extremist organization since June 2014.
She noted that the Daash, as pro-government forces, bad records to harm civilians during military operations and then, so the United States and Iran, Germany and other countries, which support Iraq militarily, the requirement of strict respect for thelaws of war on those who support them, and the prohibition of attacks that harm civilians, or which do not distinguish between civilians and civilian facilities on the one hand, and military objectives on the other.
Said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director of the organization, said that " to protect civilians from harm, which can be avoided, it should be a priority in any battle for control of Mosul, nor should the Government of Iraq to exercise command and control as effective on all its troops and its allies such as the US United and Iran make sure doing so. "
Human Rights Watch has documented, since 2014, the Iraqi army violation of the popular crowd, and fighters of the"Peshmerga" The Kurds of the laws of war, including the field of executions and disappearances, torture and the use of child soldiers, and the demolition of buildings, and random attacks, imposing illegal restrictions on the movement of fleeing Fighting.
The organization also called on Daash forces to respect the laws of war, and to allow the civilians, in particular , to leave areas under their control, and not to use civilians to shield military objectives from attack, and do not use children as soldiers.
She noted that in mid-March 2016, the Iraqi army launched a ground offensive from the town drunk in Erbil province, toward Qayyarah, 70 kilometers south of Mosul, but after one month, dominated by only a few nearby villages. Then the coalition, ledby the United States forces launched, on Daash air strikes, and provided advice to local land forces.
And it called on the Human Rights Watch international supporters of Iraq to use their influence with the political and military leaders in Iraq, to ensure the protection of civilians, according to the laws of war.
Officials in the "popular crowd" and said that their forces will be at the forefront of the campaign against Daash in Mosul and Peshmerga pledged to participate.
In late / February 2016, he warned the Liberation of Iraq, the governor of Nineveh and former Commander of the National crowd of Sunni that the local population may revolt against the popular crowd forces in the event of their participation, and on 11 April , the current provided by an expert of the Iraqi polls savior Dagher results of a questionnaire , he said that "of the 120 polled Sunnis in Mosul 0.100 percent do not want to edit the Shiite or Kurdish hands."
A spokesman for the "Association of the popular crowd , " Yusuf hamate , Human Rights Watch, in late March in Baghdad, that the Authority has increased its ability to ensure compliance with the laws of war. He added that it has established thesecurity and discipline of the Directorate of 20 lawyers provide the training on the laws of war, also accompanied by 100 troops on the ground liaison officer.
And he urged the Human Rights Watch Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi to correct it at a meeting in late March .. confirmed that the accountability of the fighters under the laws of war has become more important after the Prime Minister 's decision on February 22 / March 2016 to convert the popular crowd forces to the permanent military institution with military rank and directly linked to the Adjutant General 's office, the prime minister.
Stork said: "Training on the laws of war and orders relating to respect them is a positive step, but it must be produced from areal respect for the law during the conflict. Given the abuses committed by all armed parties to the record, on Iraq 'sinternational allies to pressure the government to adjust the fighters and leaders who violate the laws of war and hold them accountable. "
Human Rights indicated that the organization Daash continuing indiscriminate attacks on the population of the cities of Ramadi and Khalidiyah and Amiriyah Fallujah and Ghuwair, according to residents who witnessed the bombing said Daash those areas, and noted that Daash probably used banned weapons. On March 8 / March 2016, Daash widespread attacks withrockets and mortars were carried out in Taza Khurmatu, 20 km south of Kirkuk, also carried out an attack with mortar shells containing chemicals on a civilian area, killing three people, injured more than 3,000, according to the documents , the hospital and the testimony of witnesses and the injured and hospital workers.
It also prevented Daash civilians from fleeing, said a lawyer in Baghdad communicates directly with the people in Fallujah, for "Human Rights Watch," The Daash executed people tried to flee in March / March 2016. Many said those who fled the Hawija area - the province of Kirkuk - The Daash planted mines in the fields to prevent people from leaving, and have executed people who tried to escape.
A young man who escaped from the thirsty, a village in Kirkuk, in September / September 2015 The Daash fired on his group during the rush to the Kurdish barriers. Human Rights Watch spoke with many, they said Daash Do not allow anyone, even civilians, to leave Mosul now.
He told the civilians of ivory - 160 km west of Mosul and controlled Daash - Human Rights Watch that he was forced to pretend that his wife was sick in order to allow them to leave in May / May 2015. He added that Daash burned car another family tried to flee the city, and threatened to kill them if repeated attempt. And also it attacked Daash forces, in August / August 2014, the city of Sinjar and the surrounding areas in Nineveh province , the predominantly Yazidi. As enslaved Daash more than a thousand women and Yezidi girl, and he executed many Yazidis men.
And stresses Human Rights Watch that the forces fighting Daash Also, a bad record in the war, with some elements of thepopular crowd destroyed in the September / September and October / October 2014.30 village at least, about Amerli -80 kilometers east of Tikrit - after the lifting of the siege of Daash , which lasted three months on the Shiite Turkmen town. In April / April 2015, the organization warned during a government attack on Daash in Tikrit, from similar violations against thelocal Sunni population.
She added that although Prime Minister Abadi orders to arrest the thieves, destroyed the "Badr Brigade" and "the banner onthe bigger" and "Hezbollah Brigades" and "League of the Righteous" and "Khorasani Brigades" and the "Jund al- Imam 'Brigades, which is part of the popular crowd, homes in areas of the role and the Albu Ajil and parts of Tikrit, after thewithdrawal of Daash in March / April and March / April 2015. the Shiite crowd the popular forces also destroyed areas in science.
Human Rights Watch said it documented 11 cases of abduction of the population of the year at the hands of pro-government forces on Amerli. After post Shiite militias in restoring control over Tikrit, Human Rights Watch has received credible information about the abduction of at least 160 people, all of whom are still missing.
After the restoration of the government forces Ramadi Daash in December / December 2015, he told two people told Human Rights Watch that in the March / March 2016, arrested a Hezbollah Brigades and the League of the Righteous, and Soldiers Brigades of Imam thousands of Sunni families, who fled across the desert island west of Baiji and Tikrit and Samarra, and held her in food stores in the south of Tikrit. A source interviewed by Human Rights Watch in March / March that he had just talked with members of the militia with his colleagues confessed to execute dozens of youths from the year - west of Tikrit and Samarra area.
According to the "AI", a subsidiary of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Arab homes and villages , the Peshmerga forces destroyed after the re - occupation of areas in the provinces of Nineveh and Kirkuk in 2014 and 2015, in violation of the laws ofwar.
Iraqi security forces also imposed, including the EP and the crowd, as well as the Peshmerga forces, restrictions on the Sunni Arabs who fled Daash, especially those who have tried to reach Baghdad and the areas under Kurdish control.
Were provided by Human Rights Watch Iraqi Parliament a list of 200 men from the Sunni Arab Anbar province fled Daash. Hesaid that the popular crowd forces detained during 2015, mostly on Razzazah checkpoint, 40 kilometers south of the city ofRamadi in October / October and November and December / December.
Man fled to Ramadi in May / May 2015 , Human Rights Watch and told that he was forced to cross the 14 or 15 flying checkpoints militias on the road to Baghdad. The man who lives in a temporary shelter for displaced people in the Adhamiya district of Baghdad added that other displaced people in the camp told him many of the kidnappings of men in those barriers.
Human Rights Watch pointed out that the organization Daash and PDF crowd used children in their ranks, and said the man fled Ramadi in May / May 2015 when he took control of the city Daash, recruited children from the age of seven by force.
He added: "Anyone who had four sons, two grants for Daash; Those who had two or three sons, provide one." In August / August 2015, Human Rights Watch interviewed two children managed to escape from the train to Daash camp, where more than 340 children in Tal Afar. He said teachers are training children to religious studies. The older boys, 14 years old and older, Vidrbunhm to fight in Syria, where they are used Daash and other children in the fighting. Q ended