Iraq asked for international help on Wednesday to collect and preserve evidence of crimes by ISIS terrorists and said it is working with Britain to draft a United Nations Security Council resolution to establish the investigation. Experts asked Minister Haider al-Abadi to present a request to the UN to try supporters of ISIS and countries harboring ISIS' leaders such as Iran, which considered the godfather of the terrorist group.
They particularly demanded the trial of Mullah regime and former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki for the support they provided and still provide to ISIS in Iraq. In 2015, an Iraqi parliamentary panel called for former prime minister Maliki and dozens of other top officials to stand trial over the fall of the of Mosul. In June 2017, the parliamentary legal committee requested the attorney general to reopen the issue of Mosul's fall in ISIS' grip, a move that will lead to the trial of Iraqi officials, including Maliki. The 15-member Security Council could have established an inquiry into ISIS crimes without Iraq's consent, but Britain wanted Iraq's approval in a letter formally making the request. Iraq sent the letter on Monday.
The Iraqi government said in the letter that it was important to bring ISIS terrorists to justice in Iraqi courts.
Crimes committed by ISIS against civilians and destruction of infrastructures and archeological sites are crimes against humanity, Iraq's Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari wrote in the letter. He noted that its perpetrators should be brought to justice. "We request assistance of the international community to get benefited from international expertise to criminalize ISIS terrorist entity," Jaafari added.
"I hope that the Iraqi government's letter will mark the beginning of the end of impunity for genocide and other crimes that ISIS is committing in Iraq and around the world," international human rights lawyer Amal Clooney said in a statement.
"Yazidis and other ISIS victims want justice in a court of law, and they deserve nothing less," Clooney said.
Britain, Clooney and Nadia Murad, a woman from the Yazidi religious minority who was enslaved and raped by ISIS terrorists in Mosul, have been pushing Iraq to allow a UN inquiry.
Britain's mission to the United Nations said on Twitter that it was working with Iraq on a draft resolution. It was not immediately clear when it could be put to a vote in the council. ISIS' self-proclaimed caliphate effectively collapsed last month, when US-backed Iraqi forces completed the recapture of Mosul, the terrorists' capital in northern Iraq, after a nine-month campaign.
Parts of Iraq and Syria remain under ISIS control, especially along the border.
UN experts said in June last year that ISIS was committing genocide against the Yazidis in Syria and Iraq to destroy them through killings, sexual slavery, and other crimes.
In addition to this, a monthly count released by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) revealed earlier this month that more than 500 Iraqis were killed and injured during July due to violence and armed conflicts.
However, observers said the investigation required is not enough because ISIS leaders vanished into thin air or fled via safe routes to Iran.
Trying non-influential ISIS terrorists while masterminds of the terrorist group are going unpunished is absurd, they added.
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